|Born||13 or 19 March 1847
|Died||29 May 1881
|Occupation||explorer, collector, scientist|
Johannes Maria Hildebrandt (born 13 or 19 March 1847; died 29 May 1881) was a German explorer, collector, and scientist.
Hildebrandt was born in Düsseldorf, Germany to a family of painters. Originally a machine maker, he lost an eye after an accident and became a gardener, eventually starting work in 1869 for the Berlin Botanical Garden. Between 1872 and 1881, Hildebrandt made a number of expeditions to the Horn of Africa and the African Great Lakes, collecting a large number of botanical and zoological specimens. His expeditions were for the most part modest affairs, but he discovered a number of new species. He also lectured widely and wrote about many aspects of the places he visited.
Hildebrandt died of a fever and bleeding stomach whilst on an expedition to Madagascar and was buried in the Norwegian Cemetery in Ambatovinaky. He gave his name to a number of species, including Encephalartos hildebrandtii, the Hildebrandt's Starling (Hildebrandt's Starling), and Hildebrandt's Francolin (Pternistis hildebrandti), the latter two which he discovered in Kenya in the African Great Lakes region.
- Beentje, H.J. (1998). "J. M. Hildebrandt (1847 - 1881): Notes on His Travels and Plant Collections". Kew Bulletin 53 (4).
- Digitallibrary.usc.edu: J.M.Hildebrandt's grave, Ambatovinaky, Antananarivo