Jungle Bush Quail

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Jungle Bush Quail
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Perdicinae
Genus: Perdicula
Species: P. asiatica
Binomial name
Perdicula asiatica
(Latham, 1790)

The Jungle Bush Quail, or Perdicula asiatica is a species of quail found in Indian Subcontinent, ranging across India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Very different from the female, the male Jungle Bush Quail has a white moustache, heavily barred white underparts, and variegated wings. The female has a uniform, rich chestnut breast and belly. However, both the male and the female have red and white streaks on the head. It is roughly 6.3–7.2 in (16–18 cm) in length and weighs 2–2.85 oz (57–81 g).[2]

The diet of the Jungle Bush Quail consists mainly of seeds. particularly of grasses, although it also takes insects. Breeding takes place after the rains and lasts until the onset of colder weather, with the precise period varying across the range; five or six eggs are produced and incubation takes between 16 and 18 days. The species is not globally threatened as it has an extensive range and tends to avoid agricultural areas. The population in Sri Lanka has contracted since the 1950s, but is thought to be widespread and common elsewhere in the range.

The Jungle Bush-Quail is largely sedentary, although the birds in Nepal are thought to migrate in winter.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Perdicula asiatica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Hume, A.O.; Marshall, C.H.T. (1880). Game Birds of India, Burmah and Ceylon II. Calcutta: A.O. Hume and C.H.T. Marshall. p. 116. 

Other sources[edit]

  • Shiv Shankar Singh, Chandana Haldar (2005) Melatonin prevents testosterone-induced suppression of immune parameters and splenocyte proliferation in Indian tropical jungle bush quail, Perdicula asiatica General and Comparative Endocrinology 141:226–232