Kisaburō Andō

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Kisaburō Andō
Ando Kisaburo.jpg
Born August 10, 1874
Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan
Died May 10, 1954(1954-05-10) (aged 80)
Allegiance Empire of Japan
Service/branch War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Imperial Japanese Army
Years of service 1899 - 1939
Rank Lieutenant General
Other work Home Minister
In this Japanese name, the family name is "Andō ".

Kisaburō Andō (安藤紀三郎 Andō Kisaburō?, 11 February 1874 – 10 May 1954) was a career officer and lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army, who served as a politician and cabinet minister in the government of the Empire of Japan during World War II.

Life and military career[edit]

Born to an ex-samurai family of Sasayama Domain in Hyōgo Prefecture, Andō graduated from the eleventh class of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy in 1899. In 1901, as a second lieutenant in the infantry, he served in the 10th Brigade of the Taiwan Garrison. He was promoted to lieutenant in 1904, and served as a company commander in the IJA 10th Infantry Regiment, and was subsequently promoted to captain, and to major in 1913.

In 1918, Andō was sent as a military attaché to the United States, and was promoted to lieutenant colonel while on assignment. On his return, he served in the Personnel Bureau of the Ministry of War from 1921-1922. In 1922, he was promoted to colonel, and assigned command of the IJA 73rd Infantry Regiment, followed by the IJA 2nd Infantry Regiment. From 1923-1927, he returned to the Personnel Bureau at the Ministry of War.

After Andō was promoted to major general in 1927, he commanded the IJA 30th Infantry Brigade until 1929, and was attached to the staff of the IJA 1st Division from 1929-1932.

In 1932, Andō was promoted to lieutenant general, and became commandant of the Ryōjun Fortress in the Kwantung Leased Territory from 1932-1934. Although Andō went into the reserves in 1934, and quickly retired, he was recalled to active duty in 1937 with the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War and was assigned command of the 9th Depot Division. He retired again in 1939.

In 1940, with the founding of the Taisei Yokusankai political party, Andō became active in politics and was made vice-chairman of the party. He was also the commander of the party’s paramilitary youth wing, the Yokusan Sonendan. In 1942, with the establishment of the Tōjō administration, Andō joined the cabinet as a Minister without portfolio. One of his tasks, assigned personally by Emperor Hirohito was to coordinate efforts to suppress news of the Japanese defeat at the Battle of Midway, [1]

The following year, he was asked to assume the post of Home Minister, serving until the fall of the Tōjō administration in 1944. During his tenure, as Home Minister, he was successful in curbing the leadership of the Yokusan Sonendan, which had become politicized, and which had becoming increasing critical of older politicians and bureaucrats and was starting to evolve into a populist political movement independent of the Taisei Yokusankai. [2]

He subsequently was appointed to a seat in the upper house of the Diet of Japan.

After World War II, in December 1945, Andō was arrested by the American Occupation authorities on Class A war criminal charges along with all other members of the wartime Japanese government. He was held in Sugamo Prison until December 1948, but was never brought to trial before the International Military Tribunal for the Far East. He died soon afterwards on 10 May 1954.

References[edit]

  • Dupuy, Trevor N. (1992). Encyclopedia of Military Biography. I B Tauris & Co Ltd. ISBN 1-85043-569-3. 
  • Parshall, Jonathan (2007). Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Potomac Books. ISBN 1574889249. 
  • Shillony, Ben Ami (1991). Politics and Culture in Wartime Japan. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198202601. 

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Parshall, page 22
  2. ^ Shillony. Page 32-33
Political offices
Preceded by
Michio Yuzawa
Home Minister
20 April 1943 - 22 July 1944
Succeeded by
Shigeo Ōdachi