Kosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
A starboard view of Kosmonavt Yuri Gagarin underway (8/11/1989).
|Name:||Sofiya (Modified) (Soviet Project 1909)|
|Builders:||Baltic Shipyard, Leningrad|
|Operators:||Academy of Sciences|
|General characteristics of Kosmonavt Yuri Gagarin|
|Displacement:||53,500 tons standard|
|Length:||760 ft (230 m)|
|Beam:||102 ft (31 m)|
|Draft:||33 ft (10 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 steam turbines (Kirov) with electric drive; 19,000 shp, 1 shaft|
|Speed:||17.7 knots (33 km/h)|
|Range:||24,000 nmi (44,448 km) at 17.7 knots (33 km/h)|
|Complement:||approx. 160 + 180 scientist-technicians|
|1 Don-Kay and 1 Okean (Navigation);
Tracking and communications equipment includes Quad Ring, Ship Bowl, and Ship Globe. Two pairs of Vee Tube/Cone HF antennas.
Kosmonavt Yuri Gagarin (Russian: «Космона́вт Ю́рий Гага́рин») was a Soviet space control-monitoring ship that was devoted to detecting and receiving satellite communications. Named after cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, he was completed in December 1971 to support the Soviet space program. The ship also conducted upper atmosphere and outer space research.
In Soviet times, the Kosmonavt Yuri Gagarin was the world's largest communications ship and was the flagship of a fleet of communications ships. These ships greatly extended the tracking range when the orbits of cosmonauts and unmanned missions were not over the USSR.
The communications ships belonged to the Soviet Academy of Sciences. The maritime part fell under the responsibility of the Baltic- and Black sea shipping. The ships had home ports in the Ukraine (Kosmonavt Yuri Gagarin and the other surveillance ship Akademik Sergei Korolev), so after the fall of the Soviet Union they were transferred to Ukraine – ending their role in spaceflight.
The ship was sold for scrap shortly after the break-up of the Soviet Union along with the Akademik Sergei Korolev.
- Akademik Sergei Korolev, another Soviet surveillance ship.
- A. Karpenko, ABM and Space Defense, Nevsky Bastion, No. 4, 1999, pp. 2–47, Federation of American Scientists (Online)