In information theory, given an unknown stationary source π with alphabet A, and a sample w from π, the Krichevsky–Trofimov (KT) estimator produces an estimate πi(w) of the probabilities of each symbol i ∈ A. This estimator is optimal in the sense that it minimizes the worst-case regret asymptotically.
For a binary alphabet, and a string w with m zeroes and n ones, the KT estimator can be defined recursively as:
- Krichevsky, R.E. and Trofimov V.K. (1981), 'The Performance of Universal Encoding', IEEE Trans. Information Theory, Vol. IT-27, No. 2, pp. 199–207
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