Laško subdialect

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The Laško subdialect (laški govor[1]) is a Slovene subdialect in the Styrian dialect group. It is a subdialect of the Lower Sava Valley dialect, extending from east of Zidani Most nearly to Jurklošter, and in the areas of Rimske Toplice and Laško.[2]

Phonological and morphological characteristics[edit]

The Laško subdialect exhibits strong Styrian features.[3] The subdialect is characterized by loss of pitch accent, development of close diphthongal ie from old acute nasal *ę and neoacute etymological e and close diphthongal uo from old long and old acute nasal *ǫ and neoacute etymological o. Masculine genitive -ov has developed into -u, as has the neuter nominative adjectival ending -o. The vowel a has developed a ə-like character in prepositions and prefixes derived from prepositions. Final -o and -e in neuter nouns has been lost, transforming these into masculine nouns that now follow the masculine declension pattern. The cluster šč has been reduced to š and homorganic dental clusters have dissimilated to velar-dental clusters (e.g., dn > gn, tl > kl). Morphologically, there has been contamination between present-tense verbs in -im and -em.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smole, Vera. 1998. "Slovenska narečja." Enciklopedija Slovenije vol. 12, pp. 1–5. Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga, p. 2.
  2. ^ Toporišič, Jože. 1992. Enciklopedija slovenskega jezika. Ljubljana: Cankarjeva založba, p. 93.
  3. ^ Smole, Vera. 1997. Slovenska narečja in zanimivejši pojavi v razvoju kratkega vokalizma. In: Zbornik predavanj / XXXIII. Seminar slovenskega jezika, literature in kulture, 30. 6. — 19. 7. 1997, pp. 281–288. Ljubljana : Filozofska fakulteta, Oddelek za slovanske jezike, p. 286.
  4. ^ Korošec, Tomo. 1977. Govor mesta Laško. In: Laški zbornik 2007, pp. 143-156. Laško: Knjižnica.