Range and population
The species as a whole has, perhaps, a maximum range of 110,400 square kilometres (42,600 sq mi), but this is something of a tattered web; small, isolated communities are strewn primarily about parts of South Africa (Eastern Cape, and the Free State), with fewer still in Botswana and Zimbabwe, and have limited opportunities for social interaction with each other.
Within these regions, however, M. cheniana prefers life on the dryer slopes, such as there are, especially in open runs between grassy tussocks. It tends to avoid lower areas where vegetation grows taller and more densely, and precipitation collects, making it moister.
Breeding and nesting
It is generally resident, breeding throughout the months of September through March. The level of breeding activity varies somewhat depending on locality; in South Africa, the most active period is November through January, while in Zimbabwe it is January through March.
Otherwise, however, local communities are compelled to abandon one area for another when regular dry-season fires occur, though on any given year this may affect certain colonies while missing others.
M. cheniana select different textures of grass or grass parts to build their domed, obliquely-accessed nests. They use the harder, and more fibrous grasses and stalks for an outer thatch, while the finer and softer grasses or grass leaves are used to line the nest's interior.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Mirafra cheniana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Compilers: Andrew O'Brien, Joe Taylor (2008). "Melodious Lark - BirdLife Species Factsheet". Evaluators: Stuart Butchart, Joe Taylor. BirdLife International . Retrieved May 11, 2009.
- Melodious lark - Species text in The Atlas of Southern African Birds.
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