List of school shootings in the United States

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This is a chronological list of school shootings in the United States. It consists of incidents in which a firearm was discharged at a school infrastructure, including incidents of shootings on a school bus. This list contains shooting incidents that occurred on the campuses of K-12 public schools and private schools, as well as colleges and universities. This list also contains incidents in which a person intentionally shot him or herself in a suicide or suicide attempt. The incidents below are classified as "school shootings".

History[edit]

18th century[edit]

1760s[edit]

The earliest known United States shooting to happen on school property was the Pontiac's Rebellion school massacre on July 26, 1764, where three men entered the schoolhouse near present-day Greencastle, Pennsylvania, shot and killed schoolmaster Enoch Brown, and killed ten children (reports vary). Only one child survived.[1]

19th century[edit]

1850s[edit]

  • September 28, 1850: West Chester, Pennsylvania, At the Rocky Hill schoolhouse, students found their young teacher (aged about 18), Rachael Sharpless shot dead in the doorway of the school. George Pharoah, 19 years old, shot her while hiding behind a tree as she was unlocking the door. He used a copy of the Saturday Evening Post in a wad to muffle the sound, where parts of the magazine were found at the scene and in his pockets.[2]
  • November 2, 1853: Louisville, Kentucky, The student Matthew Ward bought a pistol in the morning, went to school and killed the schoolmaster Mr. Butler, as revenge for what Ward thought was excessive punishment of his brother the day before. Ward was acquitted.[3]
  • August 16, 1856: Florence, Alabama, The school master had a tame sparrow of which he was very fond, and had warned the students that if any of them killed it, they will die by his hands. By accident, or intentionally, one of the boys stepped on the bird and killed it. Alarmed by the threats, the boy was afraid to return to school, but the Master begged him to come back. He did so, and after the lessons were finished, he took the boy into a private room, and strangled him to death. Upon the boy's father hearing what had occurred, he loaded his gun and went and shot the schoolmaster dead.[4]
  • July 6, 1858: Baltimore, Maryland, the 15 year old son of Col. John T. Farlow (Baltimore's Marshal of Police 1867-70), was shot to death during a Sabbath School gathering. The perpetrator escaped, but several arrests were made.[5]
  • September 11, 1859: Oakland, California, Edward Carpenter accidentally shot himself dead while hunting on campus; he was one of the few students permitted to have a firearm at school.[6]

1860s[edit]

  • January 21, 1860: Todd County, Kentucky, A son of Col. Elijah Sebree was shot dead by another student. Young Sebree was threatening the other boy and intended to kill him. Whereupon he armed himself and walked deliberately up to Sebree, in the schoolhouse, and shot him dead.[7]
  • During the American Civil War (1861-1865), many atrocities were committed, even against school children, as reported in the Memphis Daily, Nashville Patriot, and the Raleigh Standard;

    "On Thursday. Oct. 10th (1861), a daughter of Mr. Hunter, (who runs the ferry between Loudon and Harper's Ferry,) a little girl only nine years of age, was killed by the enemy. She was playing beside the river, when a Yankee soldier, on the opposite side, deliberately shot her through the head. The body floated about on the river until recovered, some hours after. The children, while going and returning from school are frequently shot at by the Federal pickets."[8]

By 1863, the state of such cites as Baltimore, Maryland were described as; "...The churches have been greatly injured by shot and shell, and are now closed. Few of the inhabitants know when Sunday comes. The schools have been shot up for more than a year...".[9]

  • February 6, 1864: Ashland County, Ohio, The school teacher of the Pyfer's School House, George W. Longfelt shot and instantly killed student Alfred Desem, and fled.[10]
  • February 16, 1867: Knights Ferry, California, Mr. McGinnis was shot and killed by his daughter's teacher after McGinnis threatened the teacher for expelling his daughter from school. When McGinnis's son learned of this, he went to the school and killed the teacher.[11]
  • April 2, 1867: Madison, Florida, Frank Pope, a pupil at the St. John's seminary shot and killed his teacher Mr. Bristow with a pistol.[12]
  • June 8, 1867: New York City, Arthur Day, a 13-year-old boy, secretly took a loaded pistol to Public School No. 18 to shoot a dog he said had bitten him. While playing with the pistol, Day accidentally shot and injured classmate Robert Morton.[13]
  • December 22, 1868: Chattanooga, Tennessee, A boy who refused to be whipped by his teacher, left the school. The next day he returned with his brother and a friend for revenge. Not finding the teacher at the school, they continued to his house, where a gun battle took place and three died. Only the boy survived.[14]

1870s[edit]

  • January 27, 1871: Knoxville, Tennessee, John Roberts, a little boy of ten or twelve, accidentally had one of his eyes shot out at school and died.[15]
  • June 23, 1871: Lagrange, Indiana, Miss Anna Dwight was shot to death in front of her students by Chauncey Barnes a rejected suitor, at the Stone Lake Schoolhouse. After shooting Dwight, Barnes shot himself twice in the head.[16]
  • February 1, 1872: Washington, Pennsylvania, At the all girls Union School, son of Col. Norton McGiffin, and brother of Naval Hero Philo McGiffin, Thomas McGiffen, 17 years old, shot in the hip and seriously wounded the principal, Prof. Wilson, because the professor refused to deliver a note to one of the young ladies for him.[17]
  • February 11, 1873 Wisconsin, A father shot the school mistress for whipping his son[18]
  • March 1873: Iowa, Elvina Stickney, a school girl, shot her teacher because he was not in love with her. Elvina was pronounced insane.[19]
  • March 7, 1873: Salisbury, Maryland, On leaving school, teacher Miss Shockley was shot by 19-year-old George W. Hall. She died almost instantly. Four small children walking with the teacher were unharmed. The next night, Hall threw himself under a train, completing the incident as a murder-suicide.[20]

The issue of students carrying guns to school was a topic of discussion dating to the mid-1870s, as noted in this 1874 Los Angeles Herald article:

"Boys and Pistols Yesterday at noon a boy sixteen years of age shot himself, or was shot by his brother. It matters not who fired the fatal shot. No criminal act was intended or committed, and the boy is dead. He was a member of the High School of this city and was, we are told, something over the average good boy of Los Angeles. This boy lost his life through the too common habit among boys of carrying deadly weapons. We do not know that this habit can be broken up. We do not know that school teachers have the right, or would exercise it if they had, of searching the pockets of their pupils, but it seems almost a necessity that some such rule be enforced. The hills west of town are not safe for pedestrians after school hours. Nearly every school-boy carries a pistol, and the power of these pistols range from the harmless six-bit auction concern to the deadly Colt's six-shooter..."[21]

  • February 20, 1874: Agency, Montana, After being ejected from school for disobedience, Thomas Sguires, twenty years old, returned to the school yard a day or two later, and fatally shot Prof. Hayes in abdomen three times without warning.[22]
  • April 16, 1874: Lebanon, Kentucky, John R. Breckinridge, son of the late Robert Jefferson Breckinridge was shot to death at the Law school in Lebanon, Kentucky, by John L. Anderson, the Mayor's son who was reportedly "crazed with liquor".[23]
  • January 26, 1876: San Francisco, California, A young boy at the Lincoln Primary School accidentally shot himself while playing with a pistol under his desk. His fingers were badly hurt and he received a flesh wound to his leg. The principal, Miss Kate Sullivan, sent him home in the hopes that his parents would teach him to be a little more careful when handling firearms.[24]
  • December 6, 1877: San Juan Capistrano, California, The schoolmaster committed suicide by shooting himself after hours. He wrote on the blackboard, "May this solve the problem".[25]
  • May 24, 1878: St. Paul, Minnesota, A boy, Luckert, accidentally shot and wounded another boy, Allie McDonald at the Neill school. The bullet passed out, and the youth was said to recover. Mrs. McDonald went to the police station, but no formal complaint was filed.[26]
  • May 24, 1879: Lancaster, New York, Frank Shugart, a telegraph operator, shot and severely injured Mr. Carr, Superintendent of the stables at a girls' school.[27]
  • June 1, 1879: St. Paul, Minnesota, At the Adams School, fourth grade student Willie Miller was accidentally shot while handling a small pistol. He did not tell anyone, and it was not discovered that he was shot until he felt faint and asked the teacher to be excused.[28][29]

1880s[edit]

  • July 25, 1880: Baton Rouge, Louisiana, At Sunday School, a young couple Morris Behrues and his newly secretly married girl had carried a shotgun with, because Charles Behrues, Morris' cousin was in love with the girl, and was out to get them. Charles was seen coming towards the building with a shooting iron, when the school's superintendent went out to ward him away. Charles opened fire and killed the superintendent, and shot Morris, and three others.[30]
  • October 21, 1880: Cincinnati, Ohio, George Gohen, 14 years old, shot himself un-fatally in the chest at the schoolhouse with a 22-caliber pistol. He tried to commit suicide, because Principal Sands reprimanded him for truancy.[31]
  • December 1880: Sacramento, California, As George E. Landers was teaching at the Willow Slough school house, Mrs. Julia A. Finn drove up in a buggy and called out to him. When he came out to talk, Julia ask him to marry her, and he refused. Julia then took out a gun and fired three shots at him, but missed. She was then tried for attempted murder.[32]
  • December 1, 1881, Santa Monica, California, While working late on the program for the children's concert at the school house, the school master O'Donnell, and one of the parents got into an argument. the parent Williams pulled a gun and fatally shot O'Donnell in the back.[33]
  • December 22, 1881: Shelby County, Indiana, Charles J. Gregory, a school teacher shot at a pupil, at close range because he refused to write on a slate. The bullet missed the boy, but his face was filled with powder. The teacher was arrested with great excitement.[34]
  • January 1882: Iola, Kansas, A group of boys shot into a school house, but no one was hurt. Two of the boys were arrested and pleaded guilty three weeks later. They were fined $9.00 each.[35]
  • April 13, 1882: Huntsville, Texas, G. W. Gray, a student at the Sam Houston Normal School, shot and wounded another student, M. J. Jordan. They were arguing over a comic valentine that was sent in February.[36]
  • February 14, 1883: Florence, Nebraska, As some children were playing and throwing snowballs in the front yard of the Ponca Creek school house, a wagon pulled up with three young men who engaged the chidren in a snowball fight. When they were leaving, one of the men pointed his 45 caliber and accidentally shot and killed three of the school girls. Harbaugh, the young shooter, surrendered himself.[37]
  • November 1883: Barber County, Kansas, As a bunch of drunken cowboys traveled through the area, they stopped at each schoolhouse forcing the teacher to drink whiskey. They first stopped at the Mayhew schoolhouse and forced teacher, Mr. Beals to drink from the bottle they had. They fired several shots at the next. At the following schoolhouse, on Bluff creek, they shot off the lock, filled the door full of bullets, and shot the lights and windows out. They fired several shots at the next building, doing little damage. Finally, they arrived at District 72's schoolhouse and forced the teacher, John Lowry, to drink whiskey.[38]
  • January 23, 1884: Sidney, Nebraska, A school boy accidentally shot himself in the hand while fooling around with a pistol. He had pointed the pistol at one of the school girls just moments earlier.[39]
  • February 28, 1884: Danville, Virginia, Allen Wamack, a fifteen year old boy drove by a "negro" school house, he called out "school butter." The entire school emptied out and attacked him, several shots were fired at him and he returned fire, shooting two students.[40]
  • March 6, 1884: Boston, Massachusetts, As news of Jesse James reached the east coast, young kids started to act in the same manner. An article from the New York Times reads,

Another "Jesse James" Gang - Word was brought to the Fifth Police Station to-night that a number of boys were using the Concord-street School-house for some unknown purpose, and a posse of officers was sent to investigate. The gang scattered at the approach of the police, and in their flight one drew a revolver and fired at Officer Rowan, without effect, however. William Nangle, aged 14, and Sidney Duncan, aged 12, were captured, but the other five or six escaped, among them the one who did the shooting. The boys refused to disclose the object of their meeting, but it is thought that another "Jesse James" organization has been broken up.[41]

  • March 15, 1884: Gainesville, Georgia, In the middle of the day, a group of very drunk Jackson County farmers left the Jug Tavern, drinking and shooting their revolvers as they headed down the street driving people into their homes. As they approached the female academy, the girls fled the schoolyard into the school where the gang followed, swearing and shooting, firing several rounds into the front door. No one was hurt.[42]
  • June 12, 1887: Cleveland, Tennessee, Will Guess went to the school and fatally shot Miss Irene Fann, his little sister's teacher, for whipping her the day before.[43]
  • May 17, 1889: Washington, D.C., Sarah E. Allen, a third grade teacher at the Jefferson school, is shot to death in front of her class by her estranged husband Oswald C. Allen, who then turned the gun on himself and committed suicide.[44]
  • June 13, 1889: New Brunswick, New Jersey, Charles Crawford, upset over an argument with a school Trustee, went up to the window and fired a pistol into a crowded school room. The bullet lodged in the wall just above the teacher's head.[45]

1890s[edit]

  • April 24, 1890: Brazil, Indiana, While the pupils of the Meridian Street School were at play, Ben Corbery drew a revolver and shot Cora Brubach, aged 10, seriously wounding her in the face. The reason for the assault was that the girl had informed the teacher of Ben's misconduct.[46]
  • December 27, 1890: Staunton, Virginia, At the Kable's Military Academy a 15-year-old student, A. H. Hathaway of Dennison, Texas, was accidentally shot dead by his 17-year-old classmate James Whitworth of Sulphur Springs, Texas while they were playing with an old pistol.[47]
  • January 20, 1891: Syracuse, New York, In an abusive rage, Wilber F. Baker went to the Bassett Street School, where his wife was teaching, entered the classroom and shot her five times, killing her. He was caught by police after a 40-mile chase.[48]
  • March 30, 1891: Liberty, Mississippi, During a school exhibition and concert given at the Parson Hill schoolhouse, just as the performances were starting in front of a large mixed audience of black people and white people, crowded with teachers, pupils, and spectators, a double barreled shotgun, heavily charged with shot, was fired into the assemblage by an unknown assailant. 14 people were wounded, some seriously.[49]
  • April 9, 1891: Newburgh, New York, James Ferguson, 70, fired a shotgun at a group of students in the playground of St. Mary's Parochial School, causing minor injuries to several of the students.[50]
  • October 10, 1892: At Kansas University, two students, E. Higgins and Jack Craycroft, were shot as they were walking back to their dorm rooms from practicing football at the athletic field by a double barreled shotgun as they passed the home of law student, Fred Basset. Basset said they were warned not to trespass on his farm as students so frequently did.[51]
  • March 26, 1893: Plain Dealing, Louisiana, During an evening school dance at Plain Dealing High School, a fight broke out. When the smoke cleared; two were shot dead, two more were fatally wounded, and the high school's Professor Johnson was shot in the arm.[52]
  • October 17, 1894: Brighton, near Parkersburg, West Virginia, when school was let out, Willis Gardner, 15, was shot to death and his 8-year-old brother fatally stabbed.[53]
  • February 1, 1896: Eureka, California, In the evening, a second attempt was made to burn down the High School Building in a weeks time. However, this time the watchman, shot at the arsonists, and frightened them away.[54]
  • December 13, 1898: Charles Town, West Virginia, During the School exhibition, a group of young men attempted to break up a student performance. The teacher Fisher, tried to throw the trouble makers out, when the group turned on him and several of the audience members jumped up to assist, when a free for all fight broke out. Harry Flasher was shot in the heart and instantly killed, Henry Carney was fatally shot in the back, Ralph Jones and two others were also fatally shot, George Gibson was shot in the hand, and Haz Harding had his skull crushed and several others received minor wounds[55]
  • December 28, 1898: Sioux City, Iowa, Teacher, May Thomas was lured out of the schoolhouse by Harry Garvey who was devoted to her, but she had refused his further attentions. He then pulled a revolver out and shot her dead, then killed himself.[56]

20th century[edit]

There are very seldom reports of mass or multiple school shootings during the first three decades of the 20th Century, with the three most violent attacks on schools involving either arson or explosions.

1900-1909[edit]

  • May 12, 1900: Danbury, Connecticut, After being repeatedly refused by Teacher Lillian Owen, Herbert Horton went to the schoolhouse and pleaded one last time. He then pulled out a revolver and demanded entry or he would kill himself. Miss Owen and pupils barricaded the door. Horton then shot himself in the chest.[57]
  • September 3, 1900: Boise, Idaho, During an exciting school board committee elections, H. C. Branstetter attempted to murder H. B. Eastman. One shot was fired, but the gun was struck down and the weapon was snatched from Branstetter before he could shoot again.[58]
  • February 26, 1902: Camargo, Illinois, Teacher Fletcher R. Barnett shot and killed another teacher, Eva C. Wiseman, in front of her class at a school. After shooting at a pupil who came to help Miss Wiseman and wounding himself in a failed suicide attempt, he waited in the classroom until a group of farmers came to lynch him. He then ran out of the school building, grabbed a shotgun from one of the farmers and shot himself, before running away and leaping into a well where he finally drowned. The incident was likely sparked by Wiseman's refusal to marry Barnett.[59]
  • February 24, 1903: Inman, South Carolina, Edward Foster, a 17-year-old student at Inman High school, was shot and fatally wounded by his teacher Reuben Pitts after he had jerked a rod from Pitts' hands to resist punishment. According to the teacher, Foster struck the pistol Pitts had drawn to defend himself, thus causing its discharge. Pitts was later acquitted of murder.[60]
  • July 21, 1903: Jackson, Kentucky, at the Cave Run School, James Barrett and Mack Howard fought a duel with pistols over a card game killing each other. Another student James Vires, aged 12, was also found shot in the abdomen while sitting at his desk.[61]
  • September 23, 1903: Bakersfield, California, Victor Powers, a 14-year-old student while hanging out with his classmates, accidentally dropped a loaded shotgun on the schoolhouse steps, shooting himself dead in the abdomen.[62]
  • April 6, 1904: Chicago, Illinois, Two students who have been fighting over a girl for the better part of a year, clashing every time they crossed paths. Until one fight, where Henry Schaze threw 16-year-old Paul Jelick to the ground, drew a revolver, and shot Paul dead.[63]
  • September 27, 1904: Mount Ayr, Iowa, Two school directors got into a heated discussion over school business. When Director Samuel Egly threatened Director William Kling with an ax, Kling shot Egly through the heart, killing him.[64]
  • November 16, 1904: Riverside, California, at the Indian School, a gun fight broke out between pupils. Charles Colby was hit in the head with a pistol, then returned fire killing Tom Bucanoros and fatally wounding Fred Smith.[65]
  • December 16, 1904: Magee, Mississippi, E. E. Mangum was shot through the head and killed by the principal of the high school, Professor J. E. Woodward. Mangum remonstrated with Woodward because he had administered a severe whipping to Mangum's 15-year-old son. Mangum finally lost his temper and shot Woodward through the wrist. Woodward was handed a pistol by a bystander and shot Mangum through the head.[66]
  • February 9, 1905: Colusa, California, At the request of his childhood friend, Pearl Cruse, Elmer Hildreth a 17-year-old non-student, attended a meeting between Miss Cruse and her teacher which ended in "a hand to hand" encounter between teacher and pupil. School trustee, William Ingrim later told others that Elmer was involved in the physical encounter. Unjustly accused, Hildreth found Mr Ingrim requesting he give an accurate accounting to the community. Trustee Ingram, in anger struck Hildreth to the ground, blooding his face, when Hildreth arose Ingrim went after him with an axe. Hildreth ordered him to stop, but Ingrim continued towards him. Hildreth shot him in the stomach. Hildreth was arrested and bail was posted by 5 prominent men in the community. After investigation, Hildreth was found to have acted in self-defense and no charges were filed. Ingrim survived and Hildreth went on to serve with a special team of snipers at the Battle of Chateau Thierry in France.[67]
  • July 31, 1905: Tempe, Arizona, Professor S. O. Lewis, 32-year-old principal of Tempe public schools, was found dead by the painters in the schoolhouse with a self-inflicted gunshot to the temple by his own revolver.[68]
  • May 18, 1906: Boston, Massachusetts, George M. DeWolfe, aged 18, shot fellow graduate Lillian Thoroughgood, aged 17, then shot and killed himself in the head, during the closing ceremonies of the Cambridge Commercial College. The bullet was stopped from injuring Lillian by the locket she wore, but her clothes were singed.[69]
  • August 8, 1906: Covelo, California, Jacob Fret, was found shot dead in the head next to the Harrington School House by the school children that morning. Jacob was making his usual cooling snow delivery to the town the night before.[70]
  • October 10, 1906: Cleveland, Ohio, In front of 60 students, Harry Smith shot and killed 22-year-old teacher Mary Shepard at South Euclid School after she had rejected him. Smith escaped and committed suicide in a barn near his home two hours later.[71]
  • March 23, 1907: Carmi, Illinois, George Nicholson shot and killed John Kurd at a schoolhouse during a school rehearsal. The motive for the shooting was Kurd making a disparaging remark about Nicholson's daughter during her recital.[72]
  • December 20, 1907: Chico, California, Arthur Roberts, aged 9 years, was shot in the head and killed during a military drill by the school children of the Dayton school district. The children, armed with old guns believed to be empty, aimed and pulled triggers. Instantly the Roberts boy, who had just emerged from the school building, threw his hands to his head and cried, "I'm shot."[73]
  • March 11, 1908: Boston, Massachusetts, Elizabeth Bailey Hardee was shot to death by Sarah Chamberlain Weed at the Laurens School, a finishing school in Boston. Weed then turned the gun on herself and committed suicide.[74]
  • March 20, 1908: Los Angeles, California, Ruth Sargent, a 12-year-old student at the San Pedro Street School, shot herself. She asked permission to leave the class in the middle of a lesson, but the teacher refused. So, she got up pointed a gun at the teacher and left the class room, went down the stairs and shot herself. The students and teachers rushed to her side and she said "I shot myself and no one is to blame." The bullet entered the left breast, missed the heart, perforated the lung, and lodged near the spine. Her father said she was distraught over the workload at school.[75]
  • April 15, 1908: Asheville, North Carolina, Dr. C. O. Swinney shot and fatally wounded his 16-year-old daughter Nellie in a reception room at Normal and Collegiate Institute. He then committed suicide by shooting himself in the head.[76]
  • December 23, 1908: New York City, Van Dwight Sheldon, an engineering student at New York University was staying in the Dean's Manor, with his older cousin and Dean of the Engineering College, Dean Snow. A burglar broke into the cellar of the home when Sheldon confronted him. The burglar shot Sheldon in the abdomen, killing him, and escaped after a chase.[77]
  • February 12, 1909: San Francisco, California, 10-year-old Dorothy Malakanoff was shot and killed by 49-year-old Demetri Tereaschinko as she arrived at her school in San Francisco. Tereaschinko then shot himself in a failed suicide attempt. Tereaschinko was reportedly upset that Malakanoff refused to elope with him.[78]
  • March 19, 1909: Mount Vernon, Illinois, During a school performance of "the Grand Central", John Moake, portraying the villain, was shot in the forehead and dangerously wounded by the hero, Roy Slater. The cartridge was thought to have been blank.[79]
  • June 10, 1909: Trinidad, Colorado Walter Harris, 11 years old student accidentally shot and killed his teacher B. C. Briggs in the head while on a school field trip.[80]
  • August 18, 1909: Bakersfield, California, A group of six young men after dove hunting, deliberately shot out the glass in the doors and windows of the Fruitvale School, then shot at the nearby residence of A. J. Hunter, narrowly missing several children in the rear yard.[81]
  • September 11, 1909: Gravette, Arkansas, John Butram, an unruly student at the Bear Hollow School announced to his fellow students that school is canceled. The teacher, A. T. Kelly insisted that the day's lesson was not over. Butram then drew a knife on his teacher, so the teacher drew his gun and shot him.[82]

From what is considered the third most violent decade in United States 'school shootings' history (1900–1909) comes this article from the "Los Angeles Herald":

Gang Of School Lads Confesses To Robbery

NEVADA CITY, Cal., Dec. 7. (1909) - The discovery of the fact that a number of school boys of tender years have been in the habit of carrying revolvers with them to school led today to the capture of an organized gang of school lads who have confessed to robbing a hardware store of revolvers of all sizes and several rifles. The investigation was started last week when one of the boys was shot and slightly wounded in a class room at school.

The sheriff learned that many of the boys went armed all the time, and was told by them the weapons were purchased from certain other boys. The latter were questioned today and confessed that they robbed the store and disposed of the loot at prices ranging from 50 cents up. No legal steps have been taken against the boys.[83]

1910s[edit]

  • January 12, 1910: New York City, "A black bearded maniac drew an automatic pistol" and fired five shots into a crowd of the Harlem School boys. The kids were taunting him, so he shot into the crowd of children. Robert Lomas, aged 6, was hit in the heart and died instantly, Arthur Shively also aged 6 was shot through the left lung and critically wounded.[84]
  • March 10, 1910: Ione, California, At the reform school, Preston School of Industry, students Albert Brown and Eugene Griffin tried to escape as they stole a revolver from the school's bakery shop. They then shot at Captain William H. White as he was in pursuit. No one was hurt, but the two boys were no longer welcome at the school and were sent to the penitentiary.[85]
  • August 16, 1910: Lexington, Kentucky, A general fight broke out during school elections where Lewis Napier was shot and killed and several others hurt. Several were arrested.[86]
  • April 27, 1911: Manhattan, Kansas, During a school play rehearsal, a revolver was accidentally loaded by a boy who tried to shoot a bird with it the day before. When the girl was to use the firearm as written in the script, she picked it up, then laid it down saying she was afraid of the old thing. The Teacher, Miss Reedy then grabbed the gun and said there was no need for alarm and pointed it at the girl, Pearl Reedy, 18 years old, and squeezed the trigger. The bullet lodged near her heart fatally wounding her[87]
  • January 10, 1912: Warrenville, Illinois, Sylvester E. Adams shot and killed teacher Edith Smith after she rejected his advances. Adams then shot and killed himself. The incident took place in a schoolhouse after the students had been dismissed for the day.[88] A month later the students refused to go back to the school saying it was haunted by ghosts, so the little schoolhouse was torn down and a new one was built.[89]
  • January 31, 1912: San Francisco, California, In a brawl between the white and Chinese students at the Oriental School, James Kane was shot dead.[90]
  • January 17, 1913: Honolulu, Hawaii, While the children in the schoolhouse were quietly seated, Manuel Fernandez entered the classroom and shot his wife, the teacher, Johanna Fernandez killing her with a shotgun. Seven of the children were hit by the scattering buckshot, dangerously wounding one. He then shot and killed himself. Jealousy is quoted as the motive.[91]
  • January 9, 1914: Madison, Wisconsin, John Spooner, 40 years old, son of U.S. Ambassador, Roger C. Spooner, and nephew of Senator John C. Spooner went to the Madison school, then called teacher Miss Emily McConnell, 35 years old, to the hallway, and without conversation, shot and killed her with a revolver. Then, turned the gun on himself, leaving a wife and two children behind. John, had become infatuated with his wife's friend four years earlier and pursued her relentlessly. Emily's mother called the school everyday to check on her as she was awaiting a transfer to Bermuda Islands. She was to leave the day she was killed.[92]
  • March 1, 1914: Alpine, Texas, Jesse Morgan, escaped jail Saturday afternoon after being arrested for highway robbery. He bit, knocked down, and grabbed the sheriff's gun while being fed dinner. He started running towards the empty school house as being pursued. He held up in the school house, where he fired off 12 shots. The posse returned fire and killed Jesse. He had 30 shots to his body, and the school was riddled with damage to the windows and woodwork.[93]
  • November 19, 1914 Sayre, Pennsylvania, While walking to school, Charles Listman, 14, shot and killed Andrew Milton, 15, over the affections of classmate Minnie London, 13.[94]
  • January 13, 1915: Vancouver, Washington, During a parent-teachers' meeting, student Murlan Decker (15), was accidentally shot by his younger brother, Luther.[95]
  • September 22, 1916: Bemidji, Minnesota, Miss Olga Dahl, the 19 year old teacher at the Round Lake District School, was found the next day, tied to a tree near the school, assaulted and shot twice in the face. Miss Dahl was working late after all the pupils had gone home, when a man with a revolver entered the school house and ordered her to keep quit and obey his orders. She was not expected to live, and all available men in Ithasca County joined in the hunt for the assailant.[96]
  • December 26, 1916: Danville, Kentucky, During the Christmas tree celebration at the Harris Creek School with a packed room of children and visitors, a fight broke out. No one knows who fired the first shot, but William Benedict, Sr. was instantly shot dead; William Benedict, Jr. was shot in the ankle; Bourdon Galloway was shot in the right arm; and Mike Gaddis was shot in the leg. Many others were injured fleeing the bullets by diving out windows and ducking under seats. It was said that the disturbance was created by Thomas Thornton, who had been drinking and was told to calm down Benedict, when Thomas' brother George left and returned with a revolver.[97]
  • January 18, 1917: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, At the Wheeler school building, teacher Miss Neilie M. Dunn was shot dead in the hall by a masked man in front of teachers and students. The shooter then left the school and went to the music studio and shot dead Rowland D. Williams the vocal teacher. The two were reportedly romantically involved. Mr. John M. Couch, Brother of former Captain W William Lewis Couch also Neilie's brother-in-law was arrested, as his motive was jealousy, even though he was married to Dunn's sister.[98]
  • June 5, 1917: Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Earl Wolf, a 16 year old freshman, was accidentally shot in the leg with a revolver around noon time, in the company of his classmates at the Central High School.[99]
  • September 17, 1917: Hartington, Nebraska, Teacher, Miss Cora Huntz, was murdered by Frank Faust on the steps of the school house with four shots to the head. Faust then fled into a corn field and shot himself to death.[100] He was a rejected suitor, who worked for her father's farm.[101]
  • November 29, 1918: Manes, Missouri, At the Perkins school's Thanksgiving night pie supper, teacher Joe Todd, age 21, was mysteriously shot. The bullet passes through his body, but is expected to recover.[102]
  • October 28, 1918: Chicago, Illinois, Overnight two brothers, William (16) and Ralph Carter (15), broke into the May public school robbing the phone boxes and teachers' desks when they were discovered by the Howard Parks, the janitor, and Thomas Conway, a policeman. A revolver battle broke out and William was shot. William was taken to the hospital and was not expected to live, and Ralph was taken to jail.[103]
  • March 29, 1918: Jefferson City, Missouri, At the Lincoln Institute, State Negro Normal School, Professor Romeo West, 31 years old, was shot and killed in the dormitory by superintendent of school Theodore Martin. They were arguing over a set of dishes to be used at a social. Martin claimed he shot in self defense. He fired 5 shots of which 3 took effect, causing almost instant death.[104]
  • April 6, 1918: Reeder, North Dakota, During the afternoon recess, a boy who sat behind young Coyne, was looking over a 22 calibre rifle when it discharged sending a bullet right into the back of Coyne's head killing him instantly.[105]
  • April 18, 1918: Sudan, Texas, With only a little girl as witness, a young man shot and killed school teacher Miss Evylyn Monts. Monts was shot twice in the head and in the breast. It is believed it was a suitor who she refused to marry.[106]
  • January 9, 1919: Monroe City, Missouri, While school was in session, Hugh Claggett, on his way home from work, shot through the school house's front door. No one was hurt, and he was fined $20.[107]
  • March 27, 1919: Lodi Township, Michigan, Teacher Irma Caler was shot and killed in her classroom at Rentschler school by 19-year-old Robert Warner, apparently because she had rejected his advances.[108]
  • April 12, 1919: Ogden City, Utah, During a high school school assembly, six boys shot off their guns, with permission, thinking they were loaded with blanks, but were not. Teacher Miss Verna Davidson was shot in the foot. No one admitted how the blanks were swapped for real bullets when all were asked to appear in court two weeks later.[109]
  • August 8, 1919: San Francisco, California, An assistant in the Department of Chemistry at the University of California was distraught over his inability to obtain a position, shot Professor Edmond O'Neill, and Professor Dr. J. H. Hildebrand in the administration offices of Gilman Hall, then went to shoot Vice President May L. Cheney but only managed to hit her hair braid before being subdued.[110]

1920s[edit]

  • February 14, 1920: Durant, Oklahoma, At the Durant Normal School, teacher Albert McFarland, was shot and seriously wounded by one of his pupils.[111]
  • February 25, 1920: Pasadena, California, W.M. Brown, the estranged husband of school's housekeeper, Miss Florence Housel, 50, broke into the all girls school through the pantry window, attacked and shot dead Miss Housel, set fire to the kitchen, then shot himself in one of the class rooms.[112]
  • March 4, 1920: Cincinnati, Ohio, Student, Lawrence Angel, 14 years old, shot his teacher Beatrice Conner through the arm for sending him to the principal's office.[113]
  • March 12, 1920: Newberry, South Carolina, William Scott, a student at the Helena colored school shot Henry Gray, another student.[114]
  • May 1, 1920: Summerville, Georgia, At the High School, student Alexander Potter, 15 years old, fired six shots at his teacher, Prof. Ransom, but missed. Jackson was upset for a severe thrashing, and expulsion, went home to get his father's revolver, then returned to school for revenge. Potter was sentenced to 6 years at a reform school.[115]
  • May 15, 1920: Bowling Green, Ohio, While attending her son's school track meet, Mrs. F. Mahl was shot and killed accidentally, by the starter's pistol.[116]
  • April 29, 1920: Chickasha, Oklahoma, Just as school was getting out, estranged husband and WWI veteran, Calvin Souls, 26, shot and killed his school teacher wife, Naomi Souls in front of her students.[117]
  • August 1, 1920: Ogden, Utah, Mike Smults, the night watchman at the Utah school for the Deaf and Blind, shot a 10 year old kid, Dennis McDonald, as he and his brother Clinton, cut through the campus from the Ogden river where they were swimming. The watchman said he fired into the air as a warning.[118]
  • October 19, 1920: Clayton, New Mexico, At the Otto schoolhouse, as the kids were inside, someone drove by, shot and killed "Old King" one of the children's dog, as he sat on the front stoop of the school, next to where the horses were tied. All the children loved the dog, and was entrusted with the care of the children to and from school.[119]
  • October 22, 1920: Chicago, Illinois, Mrs. Carmila Rindoni, went to the school and shot Miss Rosalind I. Reynolds, her son's teacher, twice for spanking her son the day before. Mrs. Rindoni was arrested, and Miss Reynolds was expected to recover.[120]
  • November 4, 1920: Middlesboro, Kentucky, Prof. Barnes of Middlesboro high school was fatally shot by Adolphus Oaks, for whipping his sister the week before. Barnes had already submitted his resignation to the school board, after his students refused to go to class in protest over the whipping, and intended to leave the city that weekend. Oaks went to jail.[121]
  • February 17, 1921: Cleveland, Ohio, While walking home from the Parma Central high school, teachers Miss Mable Foot, 24 and Mrs. Louis Wolf, 38 were both shot and beaten to death. Both teachers heads were crushed and a bloodstained club was found next their bodies. A 14 year old student found them the next morning on his way to school.[122]
  • April 2, 1921: Syracuse, New York, Professor Holmes Beckwith shot and killed dean J. Herman Wharton in his office at Syracuse University before committing suicide.[123]
  • December 5, 1921: Rosston, Oklahoma, At the Rosston school, teacher Miss. Faye Hetrick was shot and instantly killed with a shotgun by her brother-in-law, Alfred Johnson, in front of her students. The students all ran when they heard another shot. They looked back and discovered that Johnson turned the gun on himself, killing him instantly.[124]
  • February 17, 1922: Valdosta, Georgia, John Glover broke into the school house and shot and killed a school girl and fatally wounded a boy. A mob was formed and tracked and killed Glover 7 miles (11 km) away in Indianola, now Naylor, Georgia.[125]
  • March 3, 1922: Lubbock, Texas, After arguing with 15 year old Gladys Solomon, as they walked home from a B.Y.P.U. meeting Sunday night, Houston Upton, age 18, returned to her home and shot and killed her and her friend Nell Umberson, age 13, as they slept in bed. Houston then went to the Sunset school house and fatally shot himself in the chest. Houston was trying to break up with Gladys that night, after dating for a year, and he wanted his ring back, but she would not give it to him.[126]
  • March 22, 1922: Brewster, Minnesota, At the local high school, during a class experiment to study sound waves by firing a shotgun, student Mabel Hansen shot one of her feet almost off. She thought the teacher loaded the gun with a blank when she fired it towards the floor.[127]
  • August 1, 1922: Cherokee County, Oklahoma, While a 5 kids where hanging out at the cuthouse of the Mount Zion school, two shots were fired by Bryant Hignight. One went wild, and the other entered young Raymond Guin's head, killing him instantly. Three of the boys were questioned, but they all said it was an accident.[128]
  • February 15, 1927: Hempstead, New York, James O'Donnell, 18-year-old senior at Hempstead High School, shot himself to death on the stage in the school's auditorium. A suicide note stated that O'Donnell killed himself to lessen the financial burden on his family.[129]

1930s[edit]

  • May 22, 1930: Ringe, Minnesota, Margaret Wegman, 20-year-old teacher at the local rural school, was shot and killed in the school by 24-year-old Douglas Petersen.[130]
  • May 28, 1931: Duluth, Minnesota, Katherine McMillen, 24-year-old teacher at the Howard Gensen rural school near Duluth, was accidentally shot and killed by a revolver brought to school by a pupil.[131]
  • February 15, 1933: Downey, California, Dr. Vernon Blythe shot and killed his wife Eleanor, as well as his 8-year-old son Robert at Gallatin grammar school and committed suicide after firing three more shots at his other son Vernon. His wife, who had been a teacher at the school, had filed for divorce the week before.[132]
  • February 2, 1934: Harlan, Iowa, Margaret Graves, 23, school teacher at Monroe School No. 2, was shot to death in front of her 20 students by former suitor Herman Seick, 28. Seick then took his own life in the classroom.[133]
  • September 14, 1934: Gill, Massachusetts, Headmaster Elliott Speer was murdered by a shotgun blast through the window of his study at Northfield Mount Hermon School. The crime was never solved.[134]
  • March 27, 1935: Medora, North Dakota, Emily Hartl, 24-year-old teacher at the Manlon school northwest of Medora, was shot and killed at the school by 28-year-old Harry McGill, a former suitor.[135]
  • May 7, 1935: Irvington, New York, Dr. Paul Kyle, head of the Kyle School for Boys, was found shot to death in the school, just before classes were to begin for the day.[136]
  • December 12, 1935: New York City, Victor Koussow, a Russian laboratory worker at the School of Dental and Oral Surgery, shot Prof. Arthur Taylor Rowe, Prof. Paul B. Wiberg, and wounded Dr. William H. Crawford at Columbia Presbyterian Hospital, before committing suicide.[137]
  • April 27, 1936: Lincoln, Nebraska, Prof. John Weller shot and wounded Prof. Harry Kurz in a corridor of the University of Nebraska, apparently because of his impending dismissal at the end of the semester. After shooting Kurz Weller tried to escape, but was surrounded by police on the campus, whereupon he killed himself with a shot in the chest.[138]
  • June 4, 1936: Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Wesley Clow shot and killed his Lehigh University English instructor, C. Wesley Phy. Clow went to Phy's office and demanded that Phy change his grade to a passing mark. Clow committed suicide after shooting Phy.[139]
  • June 4, 1937: Isabel, Kansas, Robert Douthitt, 16, was accidentally shot to death backstage during high school play practice. The revolver was to have been loaded with blanks, but it held live ammo.[140]
  • September 24, 1937: Toledo, Ohio, 12-year-old Robert Snyder shot and wounded his principal, June Mapes, in her office at Arlington Public School when she declined his request to call a classmate. He then fled the school grounds and shot and wounded himself.[141]

1940s[edit]

  • May 6, 1940: South Pasadena, California, After being removed as principal of South Pasadena Junior High School, Vieling Spencer shot six school officials, killing five, before attempting to commit suicide by shooting himself in the neck.[142][143]
  • May 23, 1940: New York City, Infuriated by a grievance, Matthew Gillespie, 62-year-old janitor at the Dwight School for Girls, shot and critically wounded Mrs. Marshall Coxe, secretary of the junior school.[144]
  • July 4, 1940: Valhalla, New York, Angered by the refusal of his daughter, Melba, 15, to leave a boarding school and return to his home, Joseph Moshell, 47, visited the school and shot and killed the girl.[145]
  • September 12, 1940: Uniontown, Pennsylvania, 29-year-old teacher Carolyn Dellamea is shot to death inside her third grade classroom by 35-year-old William Kuhns. Kuhns then shot himself in the chest in a failed suicide attempt. Kuhns had reportedly been courting Dellamea for over a year but the relationship was ended when Dellamea discovered that Kuhns was already married.[146][147]
  • October 2, 1942: New York City, Irwin Goodman, 36-year-old mathematics teacher at William J. Gaynor Junior High School, was shot and killed in the school corridor by a youth.[148][149]
  • February 23, 1943: Port Chester, New York, Harry Wyman, 13, shot himself dead at the Harvey School, a boys’ preparatory school.[150]
  • June 26, 1946: New York City, A 15-year-old student who balked at turning over his pocket money to a gang of seven youths was shot in the chest in the basement of the Public School 147 annex of the Brooklyn High School for Automotive Trades.[151]
  • November 24, 1946: New York City, A 13-year-old student at St. Benedict’s Parochial School, shot and fatally wounded himself while sitting in an audience watching a school play.[152]
  • February 5, 1947: Madill, Oklahoma, 1st grade teacher Jessie Laird, 40, was shot to death in her classroom, during recess by her estranged husband, Ellis Laird, 62. Laird then fatally shot himself.[153]
  • December 1, 1947: Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania, Donald Peabody Sargent, 14, shot himself to death in his junior high school classroom.[154]
  • December 24, 1948: New York City, A 14-year-old student was fatally wounded by a shot from the .22 caliber rifle of a fellow student Robert Ross, 17. The youth was accidentally shot in the head when he chanced into range where Ross was target shooting near a lake on the school property.[155]
  • March 11, 1949: New York City, A 16-year-old student at Stuyvesant High School was accidentally shot in the arm by a fellow student who was ‘showing off’ with a pistol in a classroom.[156]
  • November 13, 1949: Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State University freshman James Heer grabbed a .45 caliber handgun from the room of a Delta Tau Delta fraternity brother and shot and killed his fraternity brother Jack McKeown, 21, an Ohio State senior.[157]

1950s[edit]

  • April 25, 1950: Peru, Nebraska, Dr. William Nicholas, 48, president of Peru State College and Dr. Paul Maxwell, 56, education department head, were shot to death at their desks by Dr. Barney Baker, 54-year-old psychology professor. Baker was found dead of a self-inflicted gunshot at his home on campus.[158]
  • July 22, 1950: New York City, A 16-year-old boy was shot in the wrist and abdomen at the Public School 141 dance during an argument with a former classmate.[159]
  • January 24, 1951: Alton, Illinois, Henry Suhre, 61, quartermaster at Western Military Academy was shot to death in the cadet store on campus.[160]
  • March 12, 1951: Union Mills, North Carolina, Professor W. E. Sweatt, superintendent and teacher at the Alexander School, was shot to death by students Billy Ray Powell, 16, and Hugh Justice, 19. The assailants had been reprimanded by Sweatt, and they waited for him as he locked his office door.[161]
  • June 4, 1951: New York City, Carl Arch, a 50-year-old intruder to a girl's gym class was shot and killed by a police officer at Manhattan's Central Commercial High School.[162]
  • November 27, 1951: New York City, David Brooks, a 15-year-old student, was fatally shot as fellow pupils looked on in a grade school.[163]
  • April 9, 1952: New York City, A 15-year-old boarding school student shot a dean rather than relinquish pin-up pictures of girls in bathing suits.[164]
  • July 14, 1952: New York City, Bayard Peakes walked into the offices of the American Physical Society (APS) at Columbia University and shot and killed secretary Eileen Fahey with a .22 caliber pistol. Peakes was reportedly upset that the APS had rejected a pamphlet he had written.[165]
  • September 3, 1952: Lawrenceville, Illinois, After Georgine Lyon, 25, ended her engagement with Charles Petrach, Petrach shot and killed Lyon in a classroom at Lawrenceville High School where she worked as a librarian.[166]
  • November 20, 1952: New York City, Rear Admiral E. E. Herrmann, 56, superintendent of the Naval Postgraduate School, was found dead in his office with a bullet in his head. A service revolver was found by his side.[167]
  • October 2, 1953: Chicago, Illinois, Patrick Colletta, 14, was shot to death by Bernice Turner,14, in a classroom of Kelly High School. It was reported that after Turner refused to date Colletta he handed her the gun and dared her to pull the trigger, telling her that the gun was “only a toy.” A coroner’s jury later ruled that the shooting was an accident.[168]
  • October 8, 1953: New York City, Larry Licitra, 17-year-old student at the Machine and Metal Trades High School, was shot and slightly wounded in the right shoulder in the lobby of the school while inspecting a handmade pistol owned by one of several students.[169]
  • March 31, 1954: Newton, Massachusetts, John Frankenberger, 14, was accidentally shot to death in a classroom at Day Junior High School when a pistol being held by a classmate discharged.[170]
  • May 15, 1954: Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Putnam Davis Jr. was shot and killed during a fraternity house carnival at the Phi Delta Theta house at the University of North Carolina. William Joyner and Allen Long were shot and wounded during the exchange of gunfire in their fraternity bedroom. The incident took place after an all-night beer party. Mr. Long reported to the police that, while the three were drinking beer at 7 a.m., Davis pulled out a gun and started shooting with a gun he had obtained from the car of a former roommate.[171]
  • January 11, 1955: Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, After some of his dormmates urinated on his mattress, Bob Bechtel, a 20-year-old student at Swarthmore College, returned to his dorm with a shotgun and used it to shoot and kill fellow student Holmes Strozier.[172]
  • May 4, 1956: Prince George's County, Maryland, 15-year-old student Billy Prevatte fatally shot one teacher and injured two others at Maryland Park Junior High School after he had been reprimanded from the school.[173]
  • October 20, 1956: New York City, A Booker T. Washington Junior High School student was wounded in the forearm by another student armed with a home-made weapon.[174]
  • October 2, 1957: New York City, A 16-year-old student was shot in the leg by a 15-year-old classmate at a city high school.[175]
  • March 4, 1958: New York City, A 17-year-old student shot a boy in the Manual Training High School.[176]
  • May 1, 1958: Massapequa, New York, A 15-year-old high Massapequa High School freshman was shot and killed by a classmate in a washroom.[177]
  • September 24, 1959: New York City, Twenty-seven men and boys and an arsenal were seized in the Bronx as the police headed off a gang war resulting from the fatal shooting of a teenager at Morris High School.[178]

1960s[edit]

  • February 2, 1960: Hartford City, Indiana, Principal Leonard Redden shot and killed two teachers with a shotgun at William Reed Elementary School before fleeing into a remote forest, where he committed suicide.[179]
  • March 30, 1960: Alice, Texas, Donna Dvorak, 14, brought a .22-caliber target pistol to Dubose Junior High School, and fatally shot Bobby Whitford, 15, in their 9th grade science class. Dvorak believed Whitford posed a threat to one of her girlfriends.[180]
  • June 7, 1960: Blaine, Minnesota, Lester Betts, a 40-year-old mail-carrier, confronted principal Carson Hammond, 33, in his Blaine Elementary School office and shot him to death with a 12-gauge shotgun.[181][182]
  • January 4, 1961: Delmont, South Dakota, Donald Kurtz, 17-year-old senior at Delmont High School, was fatally wounded by a .22-caliber bullet from a rifle. The shot, intended as a sound effect for a school play, hit him in the chest during a rehearsal just minutes before the play was to take place.[183]
  • October 17, 1961: Denver, Colorado, Tennyson Beard, 14, got into an argument with William Hachmeister, 15, at Morey Junior High School. During the argument Beard pulled out a .38 caliber revolver and shot at Hachmeister, wounding him. A stray bullet also struck Deborah Faith Humphrey, 14, who died from her gunshot wound.[184]
  • April 27, 1966: Bay Shore, New York, Teacher John S. Lane, 48, was shot and fatally wounded when he tried to stop 16-year-old student James Arthur Frampton, who was walking through the halls of Bay Shore Senior High School with a shotgun, searching for some boys with whom he had an argument earlier that day. Lane died of his wounds on June 13, 1966.[185][186][187]
  • August 1, 1966: Charles Whitman, aged 25, climbed atop the observation deck at the University of Texas-Austin, and killed 17 people and wounded 31 during a 96-minute shooting rampage in the University of Texas massacre.[188] The shooting would remain the deadliest shooting on a U.S. college campus until the Virginia Tech massacre in 2007.
  • October 5, 1966: Grand Rapids, Minnesota, Grand Rapids High School student David Black, 15, killed school administrator Forrest Willey and seriously wounded fellow student Kevin Roth, 14.[189][190]
  • November 12, 1966: Mesa, Arizona, Bob Smith, 18, took seven people hostage at Rose-Mar College of Beauty. Smith ordered the hostages to lie down on the floor in a circle. He then proceeded to shoot them in the head with a .22-caliber pistol. Four women and a three-year-old girl died, one woman and a baby were injured but survived. Police arrested Smith after the massacre. Smith had reportedly admired Richard Speck and Charles Whitman.[191]
  • January 24, 1968: High Point, North Carolina, David Walker, 15, was shot to death just outside Central High School by Gerald Locklear, 15.
  • January 30, 1968: Miami, Florida, 16-year-old Blanche Ward shot and killed fellow student Linda Lipscomb, 16, with a .22-caliber pistol at Miami Jackson High School. According to Ward, she was threatened with a razor by Lipscomb during an argument over a fountain pen, and in the ensuing struggle the gun went off.[192]
  • February 8, 1968: Orangeburg, South Carolina, In the days leading up to February 8, 1968, about 200 mostly student protesters gathered on the campus of South Carolina State University, located in the city of Orangeburg, to protest the segregation of the All Star Bowling Lane. The bowling alley was owned by the late Harry K. Floyd. That night, students started a bonfire. As police attempted to put out the fire, an officer was injured by a thrown piece of banister. The police said they believed they were under attack by small weapons fire. The officers fired into the crowd, killing three young men: Samuel Hammond, Delano Middleton, and Henry Smith, and wounding twenty-seven others.[193]
  • May 22, 1968: Miami, Florida, Ernest Lee Grissom, a 15-year-old student at Drew Junior High School, shot and seriously wounded a teacher and a 13-year-old student after he had been reprimanded for causing a disturbance.[194]
  • January 17, 1969: Los Angeles, California, Two student members of the Black Panther Party, Alprentice Carter and John Huggins, were fatally shot during a student meeting inside Campbell Hall at the University of California, Los Angeles. The motive of the shooting regarded who would own the school's African American Studies Center. The shooter, Claude Hubert, was never to be found but three other men were arrested in connection with the shooting.[195]
  • January 23, 1969: Washington, DC, Cardozo Senior High School assistant principal Herman Clifford, 45, was shot to death in the school's hallway by Ronald Joyner, 18, while scuffling with three youths who robbed the school's bank.[196]
  • May 13, 1969: Winston-Salem, North Carolina, Ernest Napoleon Carter Jr., 13, was accidentally shot and killed at Hanes Junior High School by a 13-year-old classmate, who was armed with a .32-caliber pistol. The 13-year-old shooter was charged with involuntary manslaughter. Carter's mother filed a lawsuit against the Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Board of Education for $50,000 in damages.[197][198]
  • November 19, 1969: Tomah, Wisconsin, 46-year-old Martin Mogensen, Principal of Tomah Junior High School, was shot to death in his office by a 14-year-old boy armed with a 20-gauge shotgun.[199]

1970s[edit]

The mids- to late-1970s is considered the second most violent period in U.S. school history.[citation needed]

  • January 5, 1970: Washington, DC, Tyrone Perry, 15, was shot to death at Hine Junior High School.[200]
  • May 4, 1970: Kent, Ohio, During protests of the Vietnam War on the college Campus of Kent State University, Armed National Guard Soldiers opened fire on unarmed students killing four people.[201]
  • May 15, 1970: Jackson, Mississippi, One student was killed and twelve others injured when police open fired on students gathered to protest the military presence in Cambodia

[202]* February 2, 1971: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Teacher Samson L. Freedman, 56, was shot to death as he left Morris E. Leeds School, by Kevin Simmons, 14. Freedman had suspended Simmons earlier in the day for cursing in the hallway.[203]

  • November 8, 1971: Grove, Oklahoma, School custodian, Jim "James" Underwood brought a .22 caliber revolver to school hidden in a brown paper bag. School principal, T. J. Melton, 49, was shot in the left shoulder, left ear and in the top of his head, according to published reports. He died around 9 a.m. and Underwood was charged the next day with first-degree murder.[204]
  • November 11, 1971: Spokane, Washington, Former MIT student Larry J. Harmon, 21, entered St. Aloysius Roman Catholic Church on the Gonzaga University campus armed with a .22 caliber rifle. Harmon killed the caretaker, 68-year-old Hilary Kunz, and upon emerging from the church, wounded four more people before police officers shot and killed him. Harmon was described by his father as a religious fanatic who believed that he had seen the devil and that Christ was an imposter.[205]
  • January 5, 1972: Washington, DC, Fifth-grade teacher Margaret Brooks, 57, was shot to death in front of her students by her estranged husband James A. Brooks.[206]
  • February 26, 1973: Richmond, Virginia, Wayne Phillips, 17, was shot to death when he was caught between two youths who were fighting in the hallway of Armstrong High School.[207]
  • October 1, 1973: Elmwood Park, Illinois, Elmwood Park Community High School student Cynthia Schulze was shot and killed in the hallway between classes by student William Rossi, with whom she was probably not acquainted. Rossi then ran out of the school and shot himself to death in an alley nearby.[208]
  • January 17, 1974: Chicago, Illinois, Elementary school principal Rudolph Jezek, Jr., 52, was shot to death in his office by Steven Guy, 14, a former student said to be angry at being transferred from the school to a social adjustment center.[209]
  • March 22, 1974: Brownstown, Indiana, Jessie Blevins, 48, athletic director at Brownstown Central High School, was shot to death in the school parking lot by a 17-year-old student.[210]
  • December 30, 1974: Olean, New York, Regents scholar Anthony Barbaro, 17, armed with a rifle and shotgun, kills three adults and wounds 11 others at his high school, which was closed for the Christmas holiday. Barbaro was reportedly a loner who kept a diary describing several "battle plans" for his attack on the school.[211][212]
  • February 18, 1975: Marist College, Poughkeepsie, New York, Marist College student Shelley Lynn Sperling was shot and killed by a scorned suitor, Louis o. Acevedo, in the Marist College cafeteria.[213]
  • March 18, 1975: Sumner High School, St. Louis, Missouri, 16-year-old Stephen Goods, a bystander, is shot and killed during a fight between other teens.[214]
  • September 11, 1975: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, U.S. Grant High School student Randy Truitt was shot and killed by James Briggs at the school, leaving several others injured.[215]
  • February 12, 1976: Detroit, Michigan, Intruders shot five Murray-Wright High School students after an apparent dispute over one of the intruders girlfriends.[216]
  • June 12, 1976: California State University, Custodian Edward Charles Allaway, 37, opened fire with a semi-automatic rifle in the library on the California State University, Fullerton campus killing 7, and wounding 2.[citation needed]
  • November 10, 1976: Detroit, Michigan, Second grade teacher Bettye McCaster, 45, was shot to death in front of her 29 students at Burt Elementary School, by her estranged husband, Al Lewis.[217]
  • April 7, 1977: Whitharral, Texas, High School principal M. O. Tripp was shot to death on the front steps of the school by Ricardo Lopez, 17.[218]
  • February 9, 1978: St. Albans, West Virginia, A 15-year-old student was shot and killed by another student at Hayes Junior High School.[citation needed]
  • February 22, 1978: Lansing, Michigan, After being taunted for his beliefs, a 15-year-old self-proclaimed Nazi, killed one student and wounded a second with a Luger pistol at Everett High School.[212]
  • April 26, 1978: Dallas, Texas, Woodrow Porter, 38, who was a janitor at Paul Dunbar Elementary School, was shot to death by the 56-year-old grandmother of an 8-year-old that was allegedly spanked by Porter earlier.[219]
  • May 18, 1978: Austin, Texas, John Daniel Christian, 13, son of Lyndon B. Johnson's former press secretary George Christian, shot to death his English teacher, Wilbur Grayson, 29, with his father's .22 caliber rifle in front of approximately 30 classmates. John Christian was arrested and charged but was not prosecuted. He spent two years in a mental hospital. He is now a practicing attorney in Austin, Texas.[220]
  • January 29, 1979: San Diego, California, Brenda Spencer opened fire on Grover Cleveland Elementary School from the window of her home across the street, killing two adults and wounding nine others, eight of whom were children.[221] The shootings inspired the song I Don't Like Mondays.

1980s[edit]

  • January 7, 1980: Stamps, Arkansas, Evan Hampton, 16, high school freshman student at Stamps High School walked into a classroom and quietly waited for 19-year-old Mike Sanders to enter the classroom and walk to his desk. Hampton pulled a .22 caliber revolver and shot Sanders twice in the chest and once in the temple, killing him instantly. Hampton walked quietly down the hallway and handed the gun to the school principal and then waited quietly in the principal's office until his arrest.[222]
  • March 20, 1980: Dallas, Texas, Rosie Pearson, 49, fifth grade teacher, was shot to death in the hallway of J. Leslie Patton School, by an unknown assailant.[223]
  • March 26, 1980: Big Rapids, Michigan, Robert Brauer, Business Professor, was shot by student Thomas Kakonis, 20, at Ferris State College. Robert Brauer had failed Kakonis on an examination. Kakonis was the son of an associate dean at the college.[224]
  • March 19, 1982: Las Vegas, Nevada, 17-year-old Valley High School student Patrick Lizotte shot and killed his teacher Clarence Pigott and wounded two students.[225]
  • April 7, 1982: Littleton, Colorado, Deer Creek Jr. High School student Jason Rocha, 14, shot and killed Scott Darwin Michael, 13.[226]
  • November 12, 1982: Jackson, Mississippi, Faye Williams, 17, was shot to death in her algebra classroom at Wingfield High School by her ex-boyfriend, James Hartzog, 18. Hartzog then killed himself.[227]
  • January 20, 1983: St. Louis County, Missouri, Eighth grade Parkway South Middle School student David F. Lawler entered a study hall classroom and opened fire, killing Randall Koger, 15, and injuring Greg Saffo, 15. Lawler then committed suicide.
  • February 24, 1984: Los Angeles, California, Tyrone Mitchell killed two people and wounded twelve others when shooting at students leaving 49th Street Elementary School.[214]
  • April 17, 1984: Olympia, Washington, Stalker Michael Pimental walked into the cafeteria at The Evergreen State College, approached a table where several students sat, pulled out a .45 Colt automatic, and murdered Elisa Tissot.
  • April 20, 1984: Detroit, Michigan, Kelly Crittendon, 13, was accidentally shot to death in a classroom at the Precious Blood School by two classmates.[228]
  • May 17, 1984: Altoona, Iowa, While students in a French class at Southeast Polk High School were taking a test in the hallway, a 17-year-old male student shot and killed a 16-year-old female student before killing himself.[229][230]
  • January 18, 1985: Arlington, Texas, While students were in a drama classroom at around 1pm, Friday, James Austin Stailey, 17, a drama student with a flair for jokes shot himself as fellow students looked on in horror.[231]
  • January 21, 1985: Goddard, Kansas, James Alan Kearbey, 14, armed with a M1-A semiautomatic rifle and a .357-caliber handgun, killed principal James McGee and wounded two teachers and a student at Goddard Junior High School.[232]
  • September 4, 1985: Richmond, Virginia, A 12-year-old East End Middle School boy shot a girl with his mother's gun.[233][234]
  • October 18, 1985: Detroit, Michigan, During halftime of the homecoming football game between Northwestern High School and Murray-Wright High School, a boy who was in a fight earlier that day pulled out a shotgun and opened fire, injuring six students.[235][236]
  • November 26, 1985: Spanaway, Washington, A 14-year-old girl shot two boys fatally, then killed herself with a .22 caliber rifle at Spanaway Junior High School.[237][238][239]
  • December 3, 1985: Concord, New Hampshire - At Concord High School, Louis "Louie" Cartier, a 16-year-old male dropout walked into the school with a shotgun and took two students hostage. The situation ended with responding police officers fatally shooting him when he "...aimed the shotgun at a teacher who was trying to talk him into surrendering."[240][241][242] (The following month, this same high school lost its teacher Christa McAuliffe in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.)
  • December 10, 1985: Portland, Connecticut At Portland Junior High School, a 13-year-old male student pulled out a 9mm firearm and opened fire, injuring the school secretary and killing a custodian.[243]
  • February 24, 1986: Slidell, Louisiana, 13-year-old gifted Boyet Junior High School student Matt Cooper shot himself in class with a .45-caliber pistol.[244][245]
  • May 16, 1986: Cokeville Elementary School hostage crisis, In a ransom scheme, David and Doris Young took 150 students and teachers hostage. Their demand for $300 million dollars came to an abrupt end when Doris accidentally set off a bomb, killing herself and injuring 78 students and teachers. David wounded John Miller, a teacher who was trying to flee, then killed himself.
  • September 18, 1986: Benicia, California, Former Benicia High School student Leonard Paul Rubio fatally shot his ex-girlfriend Heather Dunn, 15, near the school's gymnasium.[246]
  • December 5, 1986: Lewistown, Montana, A 14-year-old Fergus High School student shot and killed a substitute teacher and wounded a vice principal and two classmates.
  • February 4, 1987: Northridge, California California State University, Northridge, Associate Professor of Computer Science Djamshid (Amir) Asgari was confronted in a stairwell in the Engineering Building by a graduate student, Fawwaz Abdin, 25. Abdin was angry over a grade Dr. Asgari had given him a year earlier, which had put him on academic probation. He demanded the grade be changed, Dr. Asgari refused, and Abdin shot him twice and then killed himself. Dr. Asgari later died at the Northridge Hospital.[247]
  • March 2, 1987: De Kalb, Missouri Honors student Nathan Ferris, 12, killed a classmate and then himself.[248]
  • April 16, 1987: Detroit, Michigan, A ninth-grade Murray Wright High School student killed Chester Jackson, 17, and wounded Damon Matthews, 17, and Tomeka Turner, 18.[249][250]
  • September 28, 1987: Lansing, Illinois, After being kicked off the soccer team for smoking on school grounds, Illiana Christian High School student Blake Docter, 16, shot and wounded John Hoogewerf, the teacher who had caught him smoking.[251]
  • December 16, 1987: Katy, Texas, Mayde Creek High School student Ramesh D. Tumalad, 15, shot himself to death in his Algebra class as his classmates looked on.[252]
  • February 11, 1988: Pinellas Park, Florida, Jason Harless, 15, shot and killed one assistant principal and wounded two others in the school cafeteria. Frightened-The students protected them self's with tables and chairs, until Pinellas Park Police arrived at Pinellas Park High School.
  • May 20, 1988: Winnetka, Illinois, Laurie Dann, 30, shot and killed one elementary school student and wounded five others, then took a family hostage and shot a man before killing herself.
  • September 26, 1988: Greenwood, South Carolina, James William Wilson Jr., 19, entered Oakland Elementary School and opened fire, killing two 8-year-old girls and wounding 6 other students and 2 teachers.
  • November 22, 1988: Abilene, Texas, Mason Staggs, 16, shot Cooper High School teacher Rick Maloney in the face with a .22-caliber derringer between classes, severely injuring the teacher. Staggs then left the school and went fishing.[253]
  • December 16, 1988: Virginia Beach, Virginia, Nicholas Elliott, 15, opened fire with a SWD Cobray M-11 semiautomatic pistol at Atlantic Shores Christian School, killing teacher Karen Farley and wounding another.
  • January 17, 1989: Stockton, California, Cleveland School massacre Patrick Edward Purdy, 24, killing five children and wounding 32 others including students and a teacher. Purdy then killed himself.[254][255][256]
  • February 10, 1989: Kearns, Utah, A 12-year-old boy fired a .22-caliber handgun at Vice Principal William Crumbaugh at Thomas Jefferson Junior High School. No one was injured.[257]

1990s[edit]

Date Location Deaths Injuries Description
May 20, 1990 Centerville, Tennessee 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 High School Principal Ron Wallace, 41, was shot by Science teacher Donald Wayne Givens, 50 when Givens was caught by Wallace attempting to set fire to several areas of the high school two days before graduation ceremonies were scheduled.[258]
January 8, 1991 Richardson, Texas 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Jeremy Wade Delle, 15, killed himself with a .357 Magnum in front of his second-period English class. His teacher sent him out to get an admittance slip, but instead, returned with a gun.[259] The incident inspired the 1991 Pearl Jam song "Jeremy".
April 23, 1991 Compton, California 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 A teenager aimed and fired a handgun at a security guard who had chased him and three friends off the grounds of Ralph J. Bunche Middle School. However, instead of hitting his intended target, the bullet struck 11-year-old bystander Alejandro Vargas, a student at the school, killing him.[260]
November 1, 1991 Iowa City, Iowa 0,000,0015 0,000,0011 University of Iowa shooting Gang Lu, a 28-year-old former graduate student at the university killed four members of the university faculty and one student, and seriously wounded another student, before committing suicide.
November 25, 1991 Brooklyn, New York 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Thomas Jefferson High School A stray bullet kills a 16-year-old student during an argument between two other teens. Shooter Jason Bentley, 14, is sentenced in 1992 to three to nine years in prison.[214]
February 26, 1992 Brooklyn, New York 0,000,0012 0,000,0010 Thomas Jefferson High School was the scene of its second shooting of the school year, when a 15-year-old shot and killed two other students. The shooter, Kahlil Sumpter, is sentenced in 1993 to between 6 2/3 and 20 years in prison and is released in 1998.[214]
May 1, 1992 Olivehurst, California 0,000,0014 0,000,00110 Lindhurst High School shooting Eric Houston, 20, killed four people and wounded 10 in an armed siege at his former high school. Prosecutors said the attack was in retribution for a failing grade. Eric Houston was arrested and faced the death penalty.
November 23, 1992 Buffalo, New York 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A former South Park High School student was charged with shooting and injuring a security guard after a fight with another student.
December 14, 1992 Great Barrington, Massachusetts 0,000,0012 0,000,0014 Wayne Lo, 18, shot and killed one student and one professor, and wounded three students and a security guard at Simon's Rock College.
January 18, 1993 Grayson, Kentucky 0,000,0012 0,000,0010 East Carter High School shooting Scott Pennington, 17, fatally shot his teacher, Deanna McDavid, and head custodian Marvin Hicks.[261]
September 17, 1993 Sheridan, Wyoming 0,000,0011 0,000,0014 Central Junior High School shooting, Kevin Newman, 29, wounded 4 students before killing self[262]
April 15, 1993 Acushnet, Massachusetts 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 44-year-old David Taber invades Ford Middle School and takes three hostages. He later shoots and kills school nurse Carol Day. He is found not guilty of the murder by reason of insanity.[214]
May 24, 1993 Pennsburg, Pennsylvania 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Upper Perkiomen High School, 15-year-old student Jason Smith shoots and kills another student who had bullied him. He is sentenced to between 12 and 25 years in prison.[214][263]
December 1, 1993 Wauwatosa, Wisconsin 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Revered Associate principal Dale Breitlow was shot and killed in the school on December 1, 1993.[264] Leonard D. McDowell, a 21 year-old former student, shot the principal three times with a .44-caliber Taurus revolver in a second-floor hallway by the math department. McDowell was found guilty of the murder and sane at the time of the shooting. His life sentence was upheld by the state Court of Appeals in April 1997.
December 17, 1993 Chelsea, Michigan 0,000,0011 0,000,0012 High school teacher Steven Leith walked out of a staff meeting, returned with a gun, fatally shot the school district's superintendent and wounded the principal and a teacher. The gunman, identified by co-workers as Steve Leith, a science teacher, was arrested at Chelsea High School, the police said. The shooting occurred about an hour after classes ended, during a staff meeting. The Police Chief, Lenard McDougall, said of the suspect: "I found him sitting in a chair in the classroom by himself. He said 'Hi', and he was taken into custody. He was quiet, very quiet." A 9-millimeter semiautomatic gun was found outside the building, the police said. Joseph Piasecki, superintendent of Chelsea schools, died at Chelsea Community Hospital of multiple gunshot wounds. Phil Jones, 44, an English teacher, was treated for a stomach wound. The principal, Ronald Mead, 43, was shot in the leg.[265]
January 31, 1994 Seattle, Washington 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Neal Summers, 45, a teacher, was shot and killed just outside Whitman Middle School in North Seattle by Darrell Cloud, 24, a former student who had been sexually abused by Summers since the age of 13. Cloud served nine years in prison and later received a $250,000 settlement in a suit against Seattle Schools, saying Summers wasn't adequately supervised.[266]
March 1, 1994 Boonville, Missouri 0,000,0012 0,000,0010 Dante D. Hayes, 33, a hunter and ex-convict, shot and killed Richard Vancena, 58, a cafeteria manager, and Robin Michelle Coleman, 33, a cook, in the mess hall of Kemper Military School and College. He was drunk and looking for his wife Anna Hayes with whom he had a fight the night before. No students were harmed.[267]
April 12, 1994 Butte, Montana 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 10-year-old Jason Osmanson, teased because his parents have AIDS, shoots and kills an 11-year-old on the playground of Margaret Leary Elementary School. Osmanson is sent to a private residential treatment center.[214]
November 7, 1994 Wickliffe, Ohio 0,000,0011 0,000,0014 Wickliffe Middle School shooting: Keith Ledeger, 37, a former student at the school, shot and killed custodian Pete Christopher and wounded four other adults.
January 12, 1995 Seattle, Washington 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 A 15-year-old Garfield High School student left school during the day and returned with his grandfather's 9mm semiautomatic handgun. He wounded two students.[268]
September 29, 1995 Tavares, Florida 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Tavares Middle School student Keith E. Johnson, 14, shot and killed Joey Summerall, 13, with a 9mm semiautomatic handgun that he had stolen from his neighbors home. He is now serving life in prison without the possibility of parole.[269]
October 12, 1995 Blackville, South Carolina 0,000,0012 0,000,0011 Blackville-Hilda High School shooting: Anthony Sincino, 16, killed one teacher and wounded another before committing suicide.
November 15, 1995 Lynnville, Tennessee 0,000,0012 0,000,0011 Richland High School shooting: James Rouse, 17, killed a student and teacher and seriously wounded another teacher with a .22 caliber rifle.
January 19, 1996 Washington 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Winston Education Center, Two masked gunmen kill 14-year-old Damion Blocker in a stairwell. 16-year-old shooter Darrick Evans is given a sentence of 41 years to life in prison.[214]
February 2, 1996 Moses Lake, Washington 0,000,0013 0,000,0011 Frontier Middle School shooting: Barry Loukaitis, 14, killed a teacher and two students and wounded another student when he opened fire on his algebra class. Loukaitis was sentenced to life in prison.
August 15, 1996 San Diego, California 0,000,0013 0,000,0010 San Diego State University shooting: Frederick Martin Davidson, a 36-year-old graduate student killed three professors that he believed were involved in a conspiracy against him.
August 26, 1996 San Antonio, Texas 0,000,0012 0,000,0010 25-year-old Gregory Heath Tidwell stormed into the John Peace Library at the University of Texas at San Antonio on the first day of fall classes, shooting 54-year-old cataloging head Stephen Sorenson four times. Tidwell then turned the weapon upon himself and committed suicide.[270]
September 17, 1996 State College, Pennsylvania 0,000,0011 0,000,0012 Hetzel Union Building shooting: Jillian Robbins, 19, shot and killed one student and injured two outside Pennsylvania State University's Hetzel Union Building.
September 25, 1996 Decatur, Georgia 0,000,0011 0,000,0012 Dekalb Alternative School, 16-year-old David Dubose Jr. shoots and kills English teacher Horace Morgan on the steps of the school. Dubose is found not guilty by reason of insanity and is committed indefinitely to a state mental hospital.[214]
February 19, 1997 Bethel, Alaska 0,000,0012 0,000,0012 Bethel Regional High School shooting: Student Evan Ramsey, 16, shot and killed the school's principal and one student, and wounded two other students.
October 1, 1997 Pearl, Mississippi 0,000,0013 0,000,0017 Pearl High School shooting: Luke Woodham, 16, murdered his mother at home before killing his ex-girlfriend and another student and wounding seven others at Pearl High School. The perpetrator attempted to flee police and continue his killing spree at a nearby middle school, but he was stopped and detained by the Vice Principal,[271] Joel Myrick, who had retrieved his .45 caliber handgun from his coat after hearing the shots fired. Woodham and his friends were said to be outcasts who worshipped Satan.
November 27, 1997 West Palm Beach, Florida 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Conniston Middle School student Tronneal Magnum, 14, fatally shot Johnpierre Kamel, 14, outside school after an argument over a wristwatch.[272]
December 1, 1997 West Paducah, Kentucky 0,000,0013 0,000,0015 Heath High School shooting: Three students were killed and five wounded by Michael Carneal, 14, as they participated in a prayer circle. Carneal was sentenced to life in prison.
December 15, 1997 Stamps, Arkansas 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 Joseph “Colt” Todd, 14, concealed in a wooded area on school grounds, shot and wounded two students as they were entering Stamps High School.[273]
March 24, 1998 Craighead County, Arkansas 0,000,0015 0,000,00110 Westside Middle School massacre: Mitchell Johnson, 13, and Andrew Golden, 11, killed four students and one teacher and wounded ten others as Westside Middle School emptied during a fire alarm intentionally set off by Golden.[274]
April 24, 1998 Edinboro, Pennsylvania 0,000,0011 0,000,0013 Parker Middle School dance shooting: Andrew Wurst, 14, fatally shot teacher John Gillette, 48, and wounded two students and a teacher at an 8th grade graduation dance.[275] He is serving a 30 to 60-year sentence in a prison for young offenders.[276]
May 19, 1998 Fayetteville, Tennessee 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Jacob Davis, 18, shot Robert Creson, 18, in a dispute over a girl.[277]
May 21, 1998 Springfield, Oregon 0,000,0014 0,000,00123 After killing his parents at home, Kip Kinkel, 15, drove to Thurston High School where he shot and killed two students and wounded 23 others. He was sentenced to 111 years of prison.
June 15, 1998 Richmond, Virginia 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 A 14-year-old student of Armstrong High School wounded a teacher and a school volunteer.[278]
December 10, 1998 Detroit, Michigan 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Professor Andrzej Olbrot was killed by graduate student Wlodzimierz Dedecjus, 48.[279]
April 16, 1999 Notus, Idaho 0,000,0010 0,000,0010 Shawn Cooper, 15, fired two shots from a 12 gauge shotgun, in the hall near the front desk at Notus Jr. Sr. High School. There were no serious injuries, but some students were close enough to the blast to catch some shrapnel from the tile floor. Shawn Cooper had been undergoing treatment for Bipolar disorder.[280]
April 20, 1999 Littleton, Colorado 0,000,00115 0,000,00121 Columbine High School massacre: Eric Harris, 18, and Dylan Klebold, 17, killed 14 students (themselves included) and one teacher, and wounded 21 others before committing suicide.
May 20, 1999 Conyers, Georgia 0,000,0010 0,000,0016 Heritage High School shooting: Six students were shot and injured by student Thomas "T.J." Solomon Jr., 15. A 15-year-old girl was hospitalized in critical condition, and the other victims suffered from non-life-threatening injuries. Solomon initially faced up to 351 years of prison if convicted of aggravated assault and other charges,[281] but in 2000 he was found guilty but mentally ill and was sentenced to 40 years in prison and 65 years of probation.[282][283][284]
November 19, 1999 Deming, New Mexico 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 A 13-year-old girl fatally shot at Deming Middle School by Victor Cordova Jr., 13. Cordova stated he had intended to commit suicide but was jostled by others and the gun moved.[285]
December 6, 1999 Fort Gibson, Oklahoma 0,000,0010 0,000,0016 12-year-old Seth Trickey opened fire in front of the middle school in the courtyard in the pre-school hours. While there were no fatalities, several students felt sparks from the bullets hitting the building walls, and six were injured, including a girl who was shot in the face. Another 7th grade student found a bullet lodged in his algebra book that was in his backpack. Trickey brought the gun from home.[286]

21st century[edit]

2000s[edit]

Date Location Deaths Injuries Description
February 29, 2000 Flint, Michigan 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 At Buell Elementary School, 6-year-old Dedrick Owens, the youngest school shooter ever, shot and killed classmate Kayla Rolland.[287]
May 26, 2000 Lake Worth, Florida 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Lake Worth Middle School Florida teacher Barry Grunow was fatally shot by his student, 13-year-old Nathaniel Brazill, who had returned to school after being sent home at 1 p.m. by the assistant principal for throwing water balloons. Brazill returned to school on his bike with a 5-inch Raven semiautomatic pistol and four bullets stolen from his grandfather the week before. Brazill was an honor student. Grunow was a popular teacher and Brazill's favorite.[287]
August 28, 2000 Fayetteville, Arkansas 0,000,0012 0,000,0010 University of Arkansas shooting at Fayetteville, Arkansas, At approximately 12:14 pm, Dr. John R. Locke, 67, Director of the Comparative Literature Program was shot and killed in his office by James E. Kelly, 36, a Comparative Literature PhD candidate who had recently been dismissed from the program for lack of progress towards his degree. Kelly shot Dr. Locke three times before taking his own life in Dr. Locke's office after it was cordoned off by campus police.[288][289][290]
September 26, 2000 New Orleans, Louisiana 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 Darrel Johnson, 13, and Alfred Anderson were initially charged with Louisiana attempted second degree murder in a school shooting where both were shot with the same gun.[291]
March 5, 2001 Santee, California 0,000,0012 0,000,00113 Santana High School shooting: Charles Andrew Williams, a 15-year-old student, opened fire at Santana High School, killing two students and wounding 13 others. He was arrested and convicted of murder and attempted murder. He was sentenced to life with the chance of parole after serving 50 years.[292]
March 7, 2001 Williamsport, PA 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 Elizabeth Catherine Bush, 14, wounded student Kimberly Marchese in the cafeteria of Bishop Neumann High School; she was depressed and frequently teased.[293]
March 22, 2001 El Cajon, California 0,000,0010 0,000,0015 Jason Hoffman opened fire at Granite Hills High School, El Cajon, CA injuring five people. Hoffman committed suicide in prison in 2002.[294][295]
March 30, 2001 Gary, Indiana 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Donald R. Burt Jr., aged 18, offender in Gary, Indiana school shooting with one student fatality.[287]

[296]

January 15, 2002 New York City 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 17-year-old Vincent Rodriguez shot and wounded two students at Martin Luther King, Jr. High School in Manhattan, with a .380-caliber semi-automatic pistol. The motive was that the victims had harassed Rodriguez's girlfriend.[297][298] In February 2003, Rodriguez was sentenced to 10 years in prison on charges of assault and attempted assault.[299]
October 7, 2002 Bowie, MD 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A victim of the Beltway sniper attacks, 13-year-old Iran Brown was shot and wounded as he arrived at Benjamin Tasker Middle School in Bowie, Maryland. His aunt, a nurse who had just brought him to school, rushed him to a hospital emergency room. Despite serious injuries, including damage to several major organs, Brown survived the attack.
October 28, 2002 Tucson, Arizona 0,000,0014 0,000,0010 Robert Flores, a distraught nursing student who was failing academically, shot and killed three of his professors before turning the gun on himself. The gunman had threatened his school in the past. The four deaths at the University of Arizona sent shock waves through the community.[300][301]
April 24, 2003 Red Lion, Pennsylvania 0,000,0012 0,000,0010 On April 24, 2003, eighth-grade student James Sheets entered Red Lion Area Junior High School armed with his stepfather's pistols and subsequently killed the school's principal, Eugene Segro, before killing himself.[302]
May 9, 2003 Cleveland, Ohio 0,000,0011 0,000,0012 On May 9, 2003, a 62-year-old former business school alumnus of Case Western Reserve University, Biswanath Halder, killed a student while also injuring a professor and one other student using a semi-automatic rifle. At his sentencing, Halder admitted his wrongdoing to the victim's family saying, "It’s a terrible tragedy and I’m exceptionally sorry."[303][304][305]
September 24, 2003 Cold Spring, Minnesota 0,000,0012 0,000,0010 Rocori High School shooting. John Jason McLaughlin, aged 15, fatally shot two students at Rocori High School. A 17-year-old was killed immediately, and a 15-year-old died from his wounds on October 11, 2003. McLaughlin was sentenced to life in prison with the chance of parole in 2038.[287]
February 2, 2004 Washington, D.C. 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Unidentified offender in Washington, DC school shooting with one student fatality.[287]
February 9, 2004 East Greenbush, New York 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 Jon W. Romano in East Greenbush, New York fired two rounds from a shotgun loaded with bird shot, wounding one teacher. He was tackled by the assistant principal and charged with one count of attempted murder[306]
May 7, 2004 Randallstown, Maryland 0,000,0010 0,000,0014 Two students were charged with a school shooting after a basketball game that arose from a dispute, but left 4 injured, 2 where were serious, at Randallstown High School. One student was paralyzed from the waist down.[307]
October 2004 Memphis, Tennessee 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 At Hamilton High School, one student fires a single shot at another student (who was not armed at the time) in the school's basement. None of the two students were hurt in the basement.
March 21, 2005 Red Lake, Minnesota 0,000,00110 0,000,0017 Red Lake massacre: Jeffrey Weise, a 16-year-old student, opened fire at the Red Lake Indian Reservation, first killing his grandfather and grandfather's companion. He drove his grandfather's police vehicle to his high school, Red Lake Senior High School. Weise was armed with his grandfather's police weapons—a .40 caliber Glock 23 pistol, Ruger .22 caliber pistol, and a Remington 870 12-gauge shotgun. He shot and killed five students, one teacher, one security guard, and then committed suicide. Seven other people were wounded in the shooting.[308][309][310]
September 13, 2005 Chicago, Illinois 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 At Harlan Community Academy High School, a fight broke out between two 15-year-old boys in the gymnasium. One of the boys took out a .25-caliber pistol and shot the other one in the leg. A police officer on duty at the school arrested the gunman. The suspected shooter was charged as an adult with aggravated battery with a firearm.[287][311]
November 8, 2005 La Follette, Tennessee 0,000,0011 0,000,0012 Campbell County High School shooting. Inside the Campbell County High School office, Kenneth Bartley, aged 15, brandished a firearm and said "Yes, it's real. I'll show you. I never liked you anyway", and shot the school principal, Gary Seale. He then shot assistant principals Ken Bruce and Jim Pierce. Bruce later died from his gunshot wound.[312] Bartley was sentenced to 45 years of prison with chance of parole after serving 29 years.[287][313]
February 23, 2006 Roseburg, Oregon 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 14-year-old freshman Vincent Wayne Leodoro shot 16-year-old Joseph Monti four times in the back with a 10mm semi-automatic handgun, in the courtyard of Roseburg High School. Leodoro then walked away from the school campus and stood in front of a restaurant where he was confronted by six police officers. Leodoro then placed the handgun to his head and threatened suicide, while customers inside the restaurant and police officers convinced him to not pull the trigger. Afterward, Leodoro surrendered. He was found guilty of attempted murder and assault in July 2006, and will be held in prison until he turns 25 years old.[314][315]
March 14, 2006 Reno, Nevada 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 Pine Middle School shooting. In the hallway of Pine Middle School, 14-year-old James Scott Newman shot and injured two 14-year-old eighth grade classmates with a .38-caliber revolver that had belonged to his parents. A male student received minor injuries to his arm and torso. A female student was hit by a bullet that ricocheted, and received superficial wounds. Newman was subdued by a physical education teacher. Newman was arrested and initially charged as an adult on charges of attempted murder, use of a deadly weapon and use of a firearm by a minor but later plead guilty to different charges of two counts of battery with a deadly weapon, in which he had received sentencing as a juvenile. James Newman was sentenced to house arrest until he completed 200 hours of community service.[316]
August 24, 2006 Essex, Vermont 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Christopher Williams walked into Essex Elementary School and opened fire, killing teacher Mary Alicia Shanks after killing his ex-girlfriend's mother, Linda Lambesis, at home.[317]
August 30, 2006 Hillsborough, North Carolina 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 After killing his own father in a non-school shooting, teenager, Alvaro Castillo, wounded two students at his school in Hillsborough, North Carolina. He was reportedly obsessed with the Columbine shootings of 7 years earlier and had even written an email to the then-Columbine principal before committing his own crime.[318][319]
September 27, 2006 Bailey, Colorado 0,000,0012 0,000,0010 Platte Canyon High School hostage crisis: Duane Roger Morrison walked into Platte Canyon High School and took six girls hostage and sexually assaulted them. As police entered the classroom he killed one hostage and then shot himself. He died later that day in a nearby Denver hospital.[320]
September 29, 2006 Cazenovia, Wisconsin 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Weston High School shooting: Eric Hainstock, a 15-year-old student, walked in the school building of Weston High School and shot the high school principal with a handgun after a custodian disarmed him of a shotgun in Cazenovia, Wisconsin. The school principal died, and Hainstock was charged and convicted of murder. He is serving a life sentence and will be eligible for parole in 2037.[321][322]
October 2, 2006 Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania 0,000,0016 0,000,0013 Amish school shooting: Charles Carl Roberts IV, a 32-year-old milk truck driver, shot to death five Amish girls and wounded five others before killing himself in an Amish school in the hamlet of Nickel Mines, in Bart Township, Lancaster County.[citation needed]
December 12, 2006 Erdenheim, Pennsylvania 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 An 11th-grader brought a rifle to school and fired several shots at the ceiling. He then turned the gun on himself and took his own life.[323]
January 3, 2007 Tacoma, Washington, 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 18-year-old Douglas S. Chanthabouly shot 17-year-old Samnang Kok to death in the hallways of Henry Foss High School due to a personal disagreement. In 2009, Chanthabouly was sentenced to 23 years in prison on a charge of second-degree murder.[324]
February 8, 2007 Prineville, Oregon 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 An 18-year-old male student at Crook County High School died of a gunshot wound to the head in an apparent suicide in the school's parking lot.[325]
April 16, 2007 Blacksburg, Virginia 0,000,00133 0,000,00125 Virginia Tech massacre: Seung-Hui Cho, aged 23, shot and killed 32 students and faculty members, and wounded another 17 students and faculty members in two separate attacks on the same day, all before Cho committed suicide.[326][327]
October 10, 2007 Cleveland, Ohio 0,000,0011 0,000,0014 SuccessTech Academy shooting: Asa Coon, a 14-year-old suspended student, returns to SuccessTech Academy, where he fired shots at people inside the school building before committing suicide by shooting himself in the head. He shot and wounded two teachers and two students.[328]
February 4, 2008 Memphis, Tennessee 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 At Hamilton High School, a 16-year-old student was shot in the leg during an argument with another student over rap music. The victim's injury was not life-threatening.[329]
February 8, 2008 Baton Rouge, Louisiana 0,000,0013 0,000,0010 Latina Williams, a 23-year-old nursing student at Louisiana Technical College in Baton Rouge, LA, killed two classmates and then herself in a second floor classroom. Karlyn LeBlanc, the aunt of one of the students who died, said she forgave the actions of Latina Williams and offered a statement, "Someone should have caught this before this tragedy happened. She was a victim herself."[330]

[331]

February 11, 2008 Memphis, Tennessee 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A 19-year-old high school senior student was shot in his school's gym by a 17-year-old high school sophomore student, following a feud that started off campus earlier in the week; after the shooting, the suspect hands his gun to a coach, saying, "It's over now."[citation needed]
February 12, 2008 Oxnard, California 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Murder of Larry King: Brandon McInerney, 14, shot Lawrence "Larry" King, 15, in the head twice in the computer laboratory of E.O. Green Junior High School. McInerney was apprehended in a nearby neighborhood. King, who was homosexual, died two days later from his gunshot wounds. McInerney was initially charged with a hate crime, but that enhancement was later dropped. McInerney plead guily to second-degree murder and was sentenced to 21 years in prison.[332][333][334]
February 14, 2008 DeKalb, Illinois 0,000,0016 0,000,00121 Northern Illinois University shooting: Steven Kazmierczak, 27, shot multiple people in a classroom of Northern Illinois University with a 12 gauge Remington Sportsman 48 shotgun, killing five and injuring 21. He then committed suicide. Kazmierczak was not a student at the university, but had attended it the years prior to the attack.[335][336][337]
August 14, 2008 Federal Way, Washington 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 26-year-old Omero Mendez was sitting in his car parked on the Lakota Middle School campus to wait to pick up his girlfriend's son. There, he was confronted by 16-year-old Luis F. Cosgaya-Alvarez and two of his friends who were inside an SUV. Cosgaya-Alvarez flashed gang signs at Mendez, and then shot Mendez once in the head. Mendez later died of his injuries. Cosgaya-Alvarez was arrested a few days later in Seattle and was charged with murder.[338] Cosgaya-Alvarez pleaded guilty to murder and weapon enhancements and was sentenced to 18 years in prison.[339]
August 21, 2008 Knoxville, Tennessee 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Central High School, 15-year-old Jamar Siler shoots and kills 15-year-old Ryan McDonald. In 2011, Siler receives 30 years in prison in a plea agreement.[214]
October 16, 2008 Detroit, Michigan 0,000,0011 0,000,0013 Christopher Walker, 16, was killed, and three other teenagers were seriously wounded during a drive-by shooting at a primary school lawn adjacent to Henry Ford High School, where Walker and the other students were just dismissed from after classes ended. Three teenagers were arrested and charged in connection with the shooting.[340] William Morton, 15, the shooter, was sentenced to life without parole, and Devon Bell was sentenced to 42 years of prison.[341]
October 26, 2008 Conway, Arkansas 0,000,0012 0,000,0011 2008 University of Central Arkansas shootings. A shooting took place on the campus of University of Central Arkansas, in Conway, outside the Arkansas Hall dormitory. Two students—Ryan Henderson, 18, and Chavares Block, 19—were both fatally shot. A third person, a 19-year-old campus visitor, was shot and wounded in the leg.[342]
November 13, 2008 Fort Lauderdale, Florida 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 15-year-old Amanda Collette was shot to death at a hallway floor at Dillard High School. The shooter, 15-year-old Teah Wimberly, was sentenced to 25 years to life on a first-degree murder charge.[343]
January 8, 2009 New Castle, Delaware 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A state trooper was seriously injured by a driver while intervening in a fight after a basketball game, when unrelated to that incident a gun went off from an unknown assailant right outside the school doors and injured another student.[344]
January 9, 2009 Chicago, Illinois 0,000,0010 0,000,0015 After a basketball game at Dunbar High School, a truck pulled over by the school, with shots being fired from inside it as people were exiting the school campus. Five people were wounded, three critically. Georgio Dukes, 18, was arrested and charged with five counts of felony aggravated battery with a firearm one week after the shootings. Police believe that the attack was gang-related.[345]
April 26, 2009 Hampton, Virginia 0,000,0010 0,000,0013 18-year-old Odane Greg Maye, a former student of Hampton University, followed a 43-year-old pizza delivery man into his former dormitory, Harkness Hall. Armed with three guns, Maye took out one handgun and shot the 43-year-old pizza delivery man in the neck and stomach, wounding him. Maye then shot the dorm monitor twice in the arm and once in the leg. Maye then shot himself in a suicide attempt. Maye was convicted of two charges of malicious wounding, two counts of using a gun in a felony; burglary; and shooting in an occupied building. He was sentenced to 14 years of prison in November 2009, and was ordered by a judge to pay more than $62,000 in restitution to his victims for lost wages.[346]
May 18, 2009 Cambridge, Massachusetts 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Jabrai Copney, 20; Jason Aquino, 23; and Blayn Jiggetts, 19, of New York City, invited Justin Cosby, 21, of Cambridge, into a Harvard College dormitory, tried to rob him of a pound of marijuana, then shot him. Copney turned himself in four days later.[347] Two investigators hired by the MIT Crime Club were arrested at the scene on charges of breaking and entering and trespass; the trial court ruled that the prosecutors had no case.[348] Copney was convicted of murder. His partners pleaded guilty to armed robbery and manslaughter. His girlfriend, Brittany Smith '09, 21, pleaded guilty to accessory after the fact, firearm possession, and misleading a grand jury.[349]
May 18, 2009 Larose, Louisiana 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 At Larose-Cut Off Middle School, Justin Doucet, a 15-year-old student, asked his teacher if he could use the restroom. While in the restroom, Doucet took out a .25 caliber semi-automatic handgun from his backpack and donned on camouflage clothes. The gun was registered to his father. Doucet entered a classroom that was not his, and pointed the handgun at the teacher. While walking towards the teacher, he demanded her to say "Hail Marilyn Manson!" and she did not respond. Doucet fired a shot at her, narrowly missing her head. Doucet walked back into the restroom where he shot himself in the head. He was transferred to Terrebonne General Medical Center in critical condition, and died one week later from his wounds.[350][351]
June 16, 2009 San Francisco, California 0,000,0010 0,000,0013 After students were being let out of International Studies Academy on the first day of summer school classes, a man exited a car and opened fire, wounding three people, including a 17-year-old female student. An 18-year-old man was arrested for being an accessory in the crime.[352]
September 3, 2009 San Bruno, California 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A 20-year-old student was shot in the buttocks in the parking lot of Skyline College after an argument escalated between him and other men. Subsequently, the college campus was placed on lockdown. Three men San Francisco residents, Germaine B. Benjamin, 18; Dimaryea J. McGhee, 20; and Jacori W. Bender, 18, were arrested and were charged with felony firearm offenses.[353]

2010s[edit]

Date Location Deaths Injuries Description
February 5, 2010 Madison, Alabama 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 14-year-old Hammad Memon shot to death 14-year-old Todd Brown in a crowded school hallway of Discovery Middle School, during changing of classes. The shooting was possibly motivated by gang activities. In May 2013, Memon plead guilty to the murder of Brown, and was sentenced to 30 years of prison. After Memon is released from prison, he is likely to be deported to his native Pakistan.[354][355]
February 12, 2010 Huntsville, Alabama 0,000,0013 0,000,0013 2010 University of Alabama in Huntsville shooting: Amy Bishop Anderson, a biology professor, shot and killed three of her colleagues and wounded three others during a faculty meeting. In September 2012, she was sentenced to a life sentence without the possibility of parole, and is serving her sentence at the Julia Tutwiler Prison for Women.
February 23, 2010 Littleton, Colorado 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 At Deer Creek Middle School, Bruco Eastwood opened fire from a Winchester Model 70 rifle in a parking lot. Two eight-grade students, one female and one male, were both shot and wounded. The boy's wounds were critical for the four days following the shooting. Eastwood was taken down by teachers and held until his arrest. In October 2011, Eastwood was found not guilty by reason of insanity.
September 8, 2010 Detroit, Michigan 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 Mumford High School shooting. Two students were shot and wounded in front of Mumford High School. A 17-year-old man, Steven Jamal Hare, was tried as an adult and charged with assault with intent to kill. In 2012, Hare was sentenced to 27 years of prison.[356]
September 28, 2010 Austin, Texas 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Colton Tooley, 19, a student at the University of Texas at Austin, fired multiple shots around the campus with an AK-47 semi-automatic rifle. Nobody was injured. After the shooting, Tooley walked into the Perry-Castañeda Library and then committed suicide.
October 1, 2010 Salinas, California 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 15-year-old student Jose Daniel Cisneros was shot to death on an athletic field at Alisal High School. Cisneros was walking to the school campus at 8 a.m., and was shot multiple times. Police said that the shooting was gang-related.[357][358]
November 29, 2010 Marinette, Wisconsin 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Samuel Hengel, 15, took 23 students and a teacher hostage inside a classroom of Marinette High School for five hours. Before the hostage situation, Hengel stormed in the classroom with a handgun and fired shots at a movie projector while a movie was playing. After releasing all the hostages, police entered the building and Hengel shot himself in the head. He died the next day.[359][360]
December 6, 2010 Aurora, Colorado 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 In a gang-related attack outside Aurora Central High School, a 17-year-old girl was shot and wounded. The wounds caused her to be paralyzed. Luis Enrique Guzman-Rincon, 20, fired shots from a car while students were standing outside the high school, trying to shoot at a group of students who were believed to be gang rivals. Guzman-Ricon was sentenced to 35 years in prison.[361]
January 5, 2011 Omaha, Nebraska 0,000,0012 0,000,0012 At Millard South High School, student Robert Butler Jr., 18, shot and killed Assistant Principal Dr. Vicki Kaspar, and wounded Principal Curtis Case. Butler then opened fire indiscriminately in the front office area, causing the school nurse to be injured by gunshot debris. Butler drove to a parking lot and then fatally shot himself.[362][363]
February 2, 2011 Placerville, California 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Schnell Elementary School Principal Sam Lacara is shot to death in his office, by John Luebbers, a custodial employee at the school. No schoolchildren were injured, but authorities believe that at least one student witnessed the shooting. In June 2012, Luebbers was sentenced at 50 years-to-life on murder charges.[364][365]
March 16, 2011 San Jose, California 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 18-year old Brandon Wantland shot Ruben Cortez, also 18, at a McDonald's restaurant on the 800 block of South Bascom Avenue. Brandon Wantland approached Ruben Cortez from behind the head before shooting. This shooting caused San Jose City College and Del Mar High School to be on lock down. Brandon Wantland was set for trial on April 14, 2014.[366]
March 25, 2011 Martinsville, Indiana 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 Michael Phelps, a 15-year-old suspended student, returned to Martinsville West Middle School with a 9mm handgun. In the entrance of the school, Phelps shot 15-year-old Chance Jackson twice in the abdomen. Phelps fled the school and dropped the handgun in a field and was arrested shortly after.[367] As a result, Jackson suffered from life-threatening injuries and underwent surgery three times, and suffers from post-traumatic stress disorder. Phelps was convicted of attempted murder in August 2011, and was sentenced to 30 years in prison and 5 years of probation.[368][369] He will be eligible for parole in 2026.[370]
March 31, 2011 Houston, Texas 0,000,0011 0,000,0015 Multiple gunmen opened fire during a powder puff football game at Worthing High School. One man, an 18-year-old former student named Tremaine De Ante’ Paul, died. Five other people received injuries.[371]
May 23, 2011 Pearl City, Hawaii 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A 14-year-old male student is accused of firing a handgun on the campus of Highlands Intermediate School, wounding one student. The gunman was arrested on suspicion of attempted murder. Two other suspects were arrested in connection with the shooting.[372]
October 24, 2011 Fayetteville, North Carolina 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A 15-year-old girl was shot in the neck at Cape Fear High School. She was hospitalized for two months at Duke University Hospital in serious condition. A .22-caliber rifle was used in the attack. A student of the school,15-year-old Charles Underwood, was arrested and charged with attempted murder.[373] Underwood was convicted of attempted first-degree murder and was sentenced to 15 years in prison.[374]
December 8, 2011 Blacksburg, Virginia 0,000,0012 0,000,0010 Ross Truett Ashley, 22, a part-time business student at Radford University, shot and killed a police officer engaged in an unrelated traffic stop on the campus of Virginia Tech, then committed suicide in a nearby parking lot.[375]
December 9, 2011 Edinburg, Texas 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 Two students were shot after school at Harwell Middle School in Edinburg, Texas while trying out for their school's basketball team. The shooting allegedly occurred from an adult off campus who was apparently shooting on a target range.[376]
December 28, 2011 Flint, Michigan 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 One person was shot outside Northern High School during a basketball game. It was reportedly gang-related. A witness remarked, "It's just a few people (who cause trouble) everywhere you go."[377]
January 10, 2012 Houston, Texas 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 One student was shot and injured after another student opened fire at North Forest High School. The student said that he was being confronted by three other students who were bullying him, and he took out a handgun and fired at them in self-defense. A 16-year-old bystander was unintentionally hit in the leg. The 18-year-old suspect was charged with aggravated assault with a deadly weapon.[378][379]
February 22, 2012 Bremerton, Washington 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 Third-grader Amina Kocer-Bowman was accidentally shot when a fellow student brought a 9mm handgun to school and it went off when he dropped his backpack. She survived after 6 weeks in the hospital and a surgery to remove the bullet from her spine.[380]
February 27, 2012 Chardon, Ohio 0,000,0013 0,000,0013 Chardon High School shooting: Thomas "T. J." Lane, 17, took a Ruger MK III .22 caliber semi-automatic handgun and a knife to Chardon High School and fired ten shots at a group of students sitting at a cafeteria table. Three students died in the attack; a 16-year-old boy died immediately, and two other male students died from their wounds the following day. Three other students were injured. Lane was arrested when he was standing near his car parked near the school, and was charged as an adult with murder, attempted murder, and firearms offenses. In March 2013, he was sentenced to three life sentences without the possibility of parole.[381]
March 6, 2012 Jacksonville, Florida 0,000,0012 0,000,0010 At Episcopal School of Jacksonville, fired Spanish teacher Shane Schumerth, 28, shot and killed head of school Dale Regan before committing suicide. Schumerth, who had been struggling with depression, was fired for incompetency around 8:30 a.m. on March 6, 2012 and escorted off school grounds. He returned to the campus at 1:15 p.m. with an AK-47 assault rifle concealed in a guitar case. He entered Regan's office and shot her multiple times before turning the gun on himself.[382][383]
April 2, 2012 Oakland, California 0,000,0017 0,000,0013 Oikos University shooting: One L. Goh was accused of shooting to death seven students and wounding three others in a classroom at Oikos University, a small Christian college. The gunman told the students in the classroom to line up against the wall, and exclaimed "I'm going to kill you all!" before firing the gun at them. He fled the scene, stealing a victim's car, and was apprehended hours later in a nearby location. The weapon used was a .45 caliber handgun. Goh was charged with seven counts of murder and is believed by his psychiatrist to suffer from paranoid schizophrenia.[384][385][386] In January 2013, Goh was determined to be unfit for trial. [387]
May 26, 2012 Chapel Hill, North Carolina 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 A Carrboro man was charged with murder in the fatal shooting of a woman in front of Mary Scroggs Elementary School minutes before school was to be dismissed for the long holiday weekend.[388]
August 16, 2012 Memphis, Tennessee 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 Two Hamilton High School students were shot and wounded in the parking lot of the school. The attack was believed to be gang-related.[389]
August 27, 2012 Perry Hall, Maryland 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 Robert Gladden, 15, took a double barrel shotgun to Perry Hall High School and fired two shots inside the school cafeteria. A 17-year-old senior with Down syndrome was hit in the lower back while he was sitting at a table and suffered critical wounds. Gladden was immediately subdued by two school faculty members, and was arrested. In February 2013, he was sentenced to 35 years in prison on attempted murder charges.[390][391][392]
September 7, 2012 Normal, Illinois 0,000,0010 0,000,0010 A student fired multiple gunshots in the ceiling of Normal Community High School, and was tackled by a teacher. Nobody was injured. A 14-year-old student was arrested and is charged with 16 felony counts.[393]
September 26, 2012 Stillwater, Oklahoma 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Cade Poulos, 13, fatally shot himself in the head shortly before classes started at Stillwater Junior High School.[394]
October 6, 2012 Mobile, Alabama 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Gil Collar, 18, was fatally shot after approaching a campus police officer while he was having a medical emergency. Gil Collar had ingested a legal lab chemical, though it is unknown whether he ingested it willingly or not. He began acting erratically, and when he approached the police station naked and battered, Officer Trevis Austin, equipped with both pepper spray and a baton, felt his life was threatened by the unarmed 140 lb teen. Video shows that the officer shot Gil Collar without the student getting within 5 ft of him. Trevis Austin was cleared of any wrongdoing.[395]
October 12, 2012 Fairmount, North Dakota 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A freshman of Fairmount Public School shot himself in the head with a handgun in front of his classmates in a classroom. He was hospitalized in serious condition at a hospital in Fargo. Fairmount Public School serves all students from K-12 in the community of Fairmount, a town of 380 residents.[396]
October 31, 2012 Los Angeles, California 0,000,0010 0,000,0014 At a Halloween party on the University of Southern California campus, an argument escalated and a man pulled out a handgun and shot a rival gang member, Geno Hall, seven times, critically wounding him. Three other people, who were not students of USC, were shot and wounded and hospitalized with less serious injuries. Brandon Spencer, 20, was arrested for the shooting. In April 2014, Spencer was sentenced to 40 years to life in prison.[397][398][399]
December 14, 2012 Newtown, Connecticut 0,000,00128 0,000,0012 Adam Lanza, aged 20, killed 26 people and himself at the Sandy Hook Elementary School. He first killed his mother at their shared home before taking her guns and driving to the school. Lanza brought four guns with him; A Bushmaster .223 caliber XM15-E2S rifle, a Glock 10mm handgun, a Sig-Sauer P226 9mm handgun, and an Izhmash Saiga-12 12 gauge shotgun which was later found in the trunk of the car and not used in the shootings.[400] During the attack, 20 first-grade children aged six and seven were killed, along with six adults, including four teachers, the principal, and the school psychologist. Two others were injured. Lanza used the Bushmaster .223 caliber rifle against all of the victims at the school. He then took his own life with one of the handguns as police arrived at the school. According to the state's chief medical examiner, H. Wayne Carver, all of the victims were shot between 3 and 11 times.[401][402]
January 7, 2013 Fort Myers, Florida 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Shots were fired at Apostolic Revival Center Christian School, leaving 27-year-old Kristopher Smith dead in what was believed to be a retaliation killing, possibly for talking with police about a previous incident.[403]
January 10, 2013 Taft, California 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 A gunman entered a science classroom of Taft Union High School with a 12 gauge shotgun and opened fire. A 16-year-old male student, identified as Bowe Cleveland, was shot in the chest and critically wounded. Another student was shot at, but was not hit. The classroom teacher, Ryan Heber, convinced him to drop his weapon, and the gunman followed his order and was later arrested. Additionally, Heber suffered a minor wound from being grazed by a shotgun pellet during the ordeal. The gunman was suspected to be a 16-year-old student of the school, Bryan Oliver. Cleveland and the other student that was shot at are both believed to be intended targets of the gunman. On January 14, Oliver was charged with two counts of attempted murder and assault with a firearm.[404][405]
January 15, 2013 St. Louis, Missouri 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 A gunman shot an administrator in his office on the fourth floor of Stevens Institute of Business and Arts, wounding him. The suspected gunman, Sean Johnson, a part-time student, shot and wounded himself on a stairwell. Both the administrator and Johnson were hospitalized in stable conditions. Johnson was charged with three felony charges, including assault.[406]
January 15, 2013 Hazard, Kentucky 0,000,0013 0,000,0010 Two people were shot and killed and a third person was wounded at the parking lot of Hazard Community and Technical College. The third victim, 12-year-old Taylor Cornett, died from her wounds the next day. 21-year-old Dalton Lee Stidham was arrested and charged with three counts of murder.[407]
January 16, 2013 Chicago, Illinois 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 A 17-year-old boy, Tyrone Lawson, was shot to death in a parking lot of Chicago State University. The shooting happened after high school basketball games were being held on the university campus, and Lawson was a spectator at the event. Police arrested two people after the shooting and recovered a weapon.[408]
January 22, 2013 Houston, Texas 0,000,0010 0,000,0013 Between the Library and Academic Building outside of Lone Star College–North Harris, two men got into an argument and one of the men pulled out a gun and shot the other man, a student, injuring him. A maintenance man suffered a gunshot wound to the leg and the gunman accidentally shot himself in the leg as well. After the shooting, the gunman fled into the woods and was arrested hours later. The charges against the initial suspect were dropped and another man was arrested.[409]
January 31, 2013 Phoenix, Arizona 0,000,0010 0,000,0010 An argument over turf and respect between two rival gangs escalated to what police now describe as a "gun battle" in January at Cesar Chavez High School in Phoenix. Approximately fifteen shots were fired in the vicinity of people waiting to get into a scheduled boy's basketball game. Fortunately, no one was injured.[410]
January 31, 2013 Atlanta, Georgia 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 A 14-year-old male student was shot and wounded in the back of the neck at Price Middle School. The gunman, a student, was believed to be arguing with the other student before taking out a handgun and firing multiple shots at him. In addition, a teacher was injured during the shooting. Afterward, the gunman was disarmed by a school resource officer and subsequently apprehended. He was charged with aggravated assault.[411][412]
March 18, 2013 Orlando, Florida 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 At the University of Central Florida, 30-year-old student James Oliver Seevakumaran pulled a fire alarm went off at the Tower 1 dormitory. According to plans he had written, Seevakumaran intended to attract a large amount of people inside the building to gather and shoot them. He then pointed a handgun at his roommate and threatened to shoot him inside their dormitory room. Seevakumaran released his roommate who ran into a bathroom to call 911. Seevakumaran then fatally shot himself in the head. Authorities found an assault weapon, a couple hundred rounds of ammunition and four homemade bombs inside his backpack.[413]
March 21, 2013 Southgate, Michigan 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 A student, 13-year-old Tyler Nichols, shot himself in the bathroom at his school, Davidson Middle School.[414]
April 12, 2013 Christiansburg, Virginia 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 Two women were wounded during a shooting at the campus of New River Community College. Neil Allen MacInnis was taken into custody.[415]
April 16, 2013 Temple, Texas 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 A student shot himself in the head while at school, and died on the night of the incident.[416]
April 16, 2013 Grambling, Louisiana 0,000,0010 0,000,0013 Three students were shot and injured on the campus of Grambling State University.[417]
April 18, 2013 Cambridge, Massachusetts 0,000,0012 0,000,0011 At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, near Building 32 (Stata Center) at 10:48 p.m. EDT,[418] a campus police officer was shot multiple times.[419] The officer, 26-year-old Sean Collier, was taken to Massachusetts General Hospital in nearby downtown Boston, where he was pronounced dead. The shooting was believed to be perpetrated by the suspects of the Boston Marathon bombings that took place in Boston three days prior to this shooting.[420][421] The two suspects are brothers Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and Tamerlan Tsarnaev.

About three hours after the MIT shooting, Tamerlan died in a gunfight with police in Watertown, Massachusetts. In that gunfight, another officer was shot and seriously wounded. Dzhokhar was arrested 18 hours afterward in Watertown, and was hospitalized in critical condition from a gunshot wound to the neck.

April 29, 2013 Cincinnati, Ohio 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 At around 8:00 AM EST, a student shot himself at La Salle High School, a Catholic school. The student, Joe Poynter, was hospitalized in critical condition at a Cincinnati hospital. According to police, no known threats were made to any other students or staff. Police arrived immediately after the incident was reported.[422][423]
May 14, 2013 Birmingham, Alabama 0,000,0010 0,000,0010 Allegedly responding to a student fight, a parent brought and fired a weapon on the campus of Ossie Ware Mitchell Middle School. No one was injured.[424]
June 7, 2013 Santa Monica, California 0,000,0016 0,000,0014 2013 Santa Monica shooting: Six people, including the shooter died and four others were wounded at or near the campus of Santa Monica College when a lone gunman opened fire on the school campus library after shooting at several cars and a city bus at separate crime scenes. The gunman, John Zawahri, was fatally wounded by responding police officers. Among the dead were the shooter's father and brother, both of whom died inside a house that was set on fire a mile or so from the Santa Monica College campus.[425][426]
June 20, 2013 West Palm Beach, Florida 0,000,0012 0,000,0010 Two custodians at Alexander W. Dreyfoos School were shot and killed. The deceased were Christopher Marshall, 48, and his boss Ted Orama, 56. A third custodian was suspected in the killings and was apparently on the lam.[427]
August 20, 2013 Decatur, Georgia 0,000,0010 0,000,0010 A man with an AK-47 fired six shots inside the front office of Ronald E. McNair Discovery Learning Academy, an elementary school. After the gunman fired the shots, he barricaded himself in the office and police at the scene returned fire. Nobody was injured. Children had to leave the building and were being guided to a corner of a field, where they were picked up by their parents. The alleged gunman is a 20-year-old male named Michael Brandon Hill. In the front office of the school, Hill talked with Antoinette Tuff, a woman who worked in the front office, who had called 9-1-1. Tuff talked him down, and helped him surrender to the police before anyone was hurt. Hill was apprehended.[428][429][430][431][432][433]
August 23, 2013 Sardis, Mississippi 0,000,0011 0,000,0012 A student, Roderick Bobo, 15, was shot during a football game at North Panola High School in what was termed as a gang-related shooting. Two others were injured in the shooting, and three men were charged as being responsible for the crime.[434][435]
August 30, 2013 Winston-Salem, North Carolina 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A 15-year-old male student was shot in the neck and shoulder at Carver High School, at 2:30 PM. The victim was hospitalized with non-life-threatening injuries. An 18-year-old male student was apprehended by a school resource officer without incident.[436][437] The suspected gunman is charged with assault with a deadly weapon inflicting serious injury, carrying a concealed gun, possessing and discharging a firearm, and carrying a firearm onto educational property. The shooting was believed to be the result of an on-going dispute between the suspect and the victim.[197]
September 28, 2013 Gray, Maine 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 Gaige McGue, 19, of Denmark died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound in the parking lot of Gray-New Gloucester High School during homecoming weekend. According to the sheriff’s office, McCue had never been a student at the school.[438]
October 4, 2013 Pine Hills, Florida 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 A 16-year-old student was shot in the hip at Agape Christian Academy after a fight broke out at 2 pm. An innocent bystander was hit in his ankle by a stray bullet or shrapnel. The two victims were treated for non-life-threatening injuries. The suspected shooter reportedly fled in a car with several other males. He was not caught.[439][440][441]
October 15, 2013 Austin, Texas 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 A 17-year-old student fatally shot himself with a handgun in the courtyard of Lanier High School. The shooting happened in front of other students.[442][443]
October 21, 2013 Sparks, Nevada 0,000,0012 0,000,0012 12-year-old seventh-grade student Jose Reyes opened fire with a semi-automatic handgun at the basketball courts of Sparks Middle School, injuring one student in the shoulder. A teacher, Michael Landsberry, who was trying to intervene with the gunman was then shot and killed by Reyes, as he was standing on a playground. Reyes shot and wounded student who tried to come to Landsberry's assistance after he fell onto the ground. That student suffered an injury to his abdomen. Reyes then committed suicide by shooting himself in the head. The shooting happened before classes, and the school was evacuated and was closed for the week.[444][445][446]
November 2, 2013 Greensboro, North Carolina 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A 21-year-old student was shot and wounded at North Carolina A&T State University. The victim was hospitalized for serious but non-life-threatening injuries. The university was temporarily locked down that night, and the lockdown was lifted about half an hour later. No suspects are in custody.[447][448]
November 3, 2013 Lithonia, Georgia 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 A Stephenson High School student and a janitor were shot in an apparent confrontation between team members and a group of teens who were not attending the school. Both were innocent bystanders in the ordeal.[449]
November 13, 2013 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 0,000,0010 0,000,0013 After classes ended, at least one gunman came out of the woods and opened fire on three students as they were walking to their cars at Brashear High School. One student was grazed in the head, another was struck in the neck and shoulder, and a third was hit in the leg and foot. Six people were taken into custody. The shooting is believed to be drug-related.[450]
November 26, 2013 Rapid City, South Dakota 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 A physics professor, Alberto Lemut, 37, at South Dakota School of Mines & Technology died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound at the Electrical Engineering/Physics building.[451]
December 4, 2013 Winter Garden, Florida 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A 15-year-old student was shot and wounded by a 17-year-old student near a soccer field on the campus of West Orange High School. The shooting occurred after a fight broke out between the two students. The 17-year-old suspected shooter was taken into custody several miles away from the school, and is charged with attempted murder, aggravated battery with a firearm, possession of a firearm by a minor and possession of a firearm on school grounds.[452][453]
December 13, 2013 Centennial, Colorado 0,000,0012 0,000,0010 18-year-old Karl Pierson shot 17-year-old student Claire Davis in the head, fatally injuring her, in a hallway in Arapahoe High School. Pierson then committed suicide by shooting himself. Pierson was armed with a shotgun, three Molotov cocktails, and a machete. He was looking for a faculty member who had disciplined him, and intended to shoot him. Claire Davis died from her injuries on December 21, 2013.[454][455][456]
December 19, 2013 Fresno, California 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 Four teens went into Edison High School in what was believed as a gang-initiation process. After accosting a 62-year-old woman about a mile away from school grounds, they found an athletic trainer who taught at Edison High and shot him several times in the leg and stomach. It took a few days for the youths to get caught, and this was cinched when the 62-year-old woman and some surveillance video gave police the information they needed.[457][458]
January 9, 2014 Jackson, Tennessee 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A student was charged with bringing a gun to school at Liberty Technology Magnet High School and shooting a fellow classmate in the thigh. The incident occurred outside the front of the school.[459][460]
January 13, 2014 New Haven, Connecticut 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A 14-year-old boy was shot outside of a basketball game at the Hillhouse High School athletic facility, suffering wounds in his hand and leg.[461]
January 14, 2014 Roswell, New Mexico 0,000,0010 0,000,0013 Two people were shot and wounded inside the gymnasium of Berrendo Middle School, at about 8:10 am. An 11-year-old boy and a 13-year-old girl were airlifted to a hospital in Lubbock, Texas in critical condition. The 12-year-old suspected shooter, Mason Campbell, a seventh grade student, was apprehended at the scene after he was talked down by a staff member and dropped the shotgun. A staff member received minor injuries. Campbell is facing charges of three counts of aggravated battery with a deadly weapon. He faces a maximum sentence of confinement in a juvenile detention facility until he is 21 years old.[462][463][464]
January 17, 2014 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 A student allegedly shot two other students in the gymnasium at Delaware Valley Charter School. Both victims, a male and a female, were shot in the arm. They were taken to a nearby hospital and are in stable condition, police say. Police Commissioner Charles Ramsey said at a news conference that the shooter ran out of the school after the shooting but was taken into custody near his home. 17-year-old Raisheem Rochwell was arrested and charged as an adult for aggravated assault, recklessly endangering another person and firearms offenses.[465][466]
January 20, 2014 Chester, Pennsylvania 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 One person was shot and critically injured at Widener University in Chester, Pennsylvania. The incident occurred around 10:00 pm outside the university sport’s complex and led to an 8-hour university lock-down. The suspect was not immediately found.[467]
January 21, 2014 West Lafayette, Indiana 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 A 21-year-old student, Andrew Boldt, was shot and killed in a classroom building on the campus of Purdue University. A suspect, 24-year-old student Cody Cousins, was arrested and charged with murder.[468]
January 24, 2014 Orangeburg, South Carolina 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 A 20-year-old student was shot and killed at South Carolina State University. A 19-year-old was arrested and charged with murder.[469][470]
January 25, 2014 Los Angeles, California 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 A man was shot and killed at Los Angeles Valley College. Two suspects were arrested in the fatal shooting.[471]
January 27, 2014 Carbondale, Illinois 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A group of students at Rebound High School got in an argument in the school's parking lot. One student pulled out a gun and shot another student in the ensuing altercation. An 18-year-old suspect is facing charges of attempted murder.[472]
January 28, 2014 Honolulu, Hawai'i 0,000,0010 0,000,0012 A 17-year-old boy was shot in the wrist after attacking police officers with a kitchen knife at President Theodore Roosevelt High School. The 17-year-old was charged with attempted murder.[473]
January 28, 2014 Nashville, Tennessee 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 One student was shot in the leg in an apparent altercation over a gambling debt at Tennessee State University. The incident occurred during the 2014 State of the Union address where President Obama mentioned the importance of gun safety.[474]
January 30, 2014 Palm Bay, Florida 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 Three students were fighting in a parking lot of Eastern Florida State College and one pulled out a gun and shot another of the students. All three student claimed self-defense.[475]
January 31, 2014 Des Moines, Iowa 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 After a basketball game at North High School, there was gunfire in a parking lot of the school. Six males in a black jeep had came moments before the shooting and returned at the time it happened. A 15-year-old girl was injured by a ricocheting bullet. While officers were gaining control of the area, teachers on the scene led students into the school building for safety.[476]
February 8, 2014 Bend, Oregon 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 A 17-year-old student, Zachary Leyes, fatally shot himself in a classroom at Bend High School. No other students or faculty were injured.[477]
February 10, 2014 Salisbury, North Carolina 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A 16-year-old student was shot in the stomach on the campus of Salisbury High School during a dispute in the school gym. 17 year old suspect was charged with assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill inflicting serious injury, possession of a firearm on school property and discharging a weapon on school property.[478]
February 10, 2014 Lyndhurst, Ohio 0,000,0010 0,000,0010 Five shots were fired in the parking lot of Charles F. Brush High School, including one which hit an unoccupied police car. No one was reported to be injured, though a school basketball game was going on at the time.[479][480]
February 12, 2014 Los Angeles, California 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A male victim was shot in the back in a possible gang-related drive-by shooting near the University of Southern California. The suspect fled into the University Campus. The victim was last reported in stable condition before being transported to a local hospital.[481]
February 21, 2014 San Jose, California 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 A man wielding a large knife was shot and killed by officers from the San Jose State University police department, across from the University campus. Responding officers first tried to tase the man, but this was ineffective.[482]
February 22, 2014 Augusta, Georgia 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A shooting involving a campus police officer occurred at a Georgia Regents University dormitory complex. A male suspect entered a vehicle and nearly struck an officer, who opened fire. The suspect was taken to Georgia Regents Medical Center with injuries that were not believed to be critical.[483]
March 12, 2014 Miami, Florida 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 An elementary school teacher was shot and killed outside The Academy of Knowledge Preschool. Police investigators believe the shooting stemmed from an argument the victim had with an unidentified man at a house close to the preschool. The suspect fled the scene and remains at large.[484]
March 25, 2014 College Park, Georgia 0,000,0010 0,000,0010 An argument between students led to shots being fired in a Benjamin Banneker High School parking lot during the afternoon. Investigators believe multiple people were present when shots were fired, but it was not known how many could face charges for the incident. No one was injured in the shooting.[485]
April 9, 2014 Greenville, North Carolina 0,000,0010 0,000,0010 Just after the lunch hour, at D. H. Conley High School, a car drove past the school and witnesses said an occupant reached out of a car window and fired shots in the direction of the school. This incident occurred on Worthington and Tull Roads, directly in front of the school. No one was injured.[486]
April 11, 2014 Detroit, Michigan 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 After a Friday evening student awards ceremony called "Grammy Night", four men who were affiliated with a gang fired into a crowd in the parking lot of East English Village Preparatory Academy; one nineteen-year-old teen, Darryl Smith, was fatally shot in the head. Smith was not a student at the academy.[487][488]
April 21, 2014 Griffith, Indiana 0,000,0012 0,000,0010 A man fatally shot his estranged wife in the parking lot of Saint Mary School in northwestern Indiana and later killed himself at his home after a police officer confronted him.[489]
May 4, 2014 Augusta, Georgia 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 Two men fired shots inside a dormitory at Paine College on Sunday, injuring one student in the head. Neither of the suspects were students at the college.[490]
May 5, 2014 Augusta, Georgia 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 An active shooter situation was reported at Paine College on Monday with one person reported to be shot. The suspect was apparently apprehended and in custody. It was the second shooting incident to occur at the college campus in two days.[491]
May 8, 2014 Lawrenceville, Georgia 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A person was shot on a student parking lot roof at Georgia Gwinnett College, receiving an injury. The specific cause has not been identified.[492]
May 14, 2014 Richmond, California 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A 14-year-old student was injured during a drive-by shooting in front of John F. Kennedy High School at 8:30 am. He was shot as he was running towards the school campus after a fight took place. The student suffered a serious but stable injury to his leg. Police are searching for a suspect.[493]
May 23, 2014 Isla Vista, California 0,000,0017 0,000,00113 2014 Isla Vista killings. 22-year-old Elliot Rodger went on a stabbing and shooting rampage just outside the main campus of the University of California, Santa Barbara. Some campus buildings were within the route of the shootings. The spree began when Rodger stabbed to death three men in his apartment. Leaving the scene in his car, he drove to a sorority house, where he shot four people outside, fatally wounding two female students. He drove to a nearby deli and shot to death a male student who was inside. He then sped through Isla Vista, shooting at bystanders and striking four people with his car. Rodger exchanged gunfire with police twice during the killing spree. The rampage ended when his car crashed into a parked vehicle and came to a stop. Rodger committed suicide from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head.[494][495]
June 5, 2014 Seattle, Washington 0,000,0011 0,000,0013 Three people were shot inside a hallway in Seattle Pacific University. One student died. The gunman was tackled by a student as he was reloading his shotgun, and arrested at the scene. The suspected shooter is identified as 26-year-old Aaron Ybarra.[496][497][498]
June 10, 2014 Troutdale, Oregon 0,000,0012 0,000,0011 At around 8:30 am, shots were fired at Reynolds High School. 14-year-old freshman Emilio Hoffman was killed,[499] a physical education teacher was injured, and the gunman, 15-year-old Jared Padgett, exchanged gunfire with police officers and then committed suicide in a restroom stall.[500][501]
September 9, 2014 Miami, Florida 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 Towards the end of the school day, one alternative school student in Miami was shot as a small group of students tussled. The injury was minor, requiring hospitalization, and five young adults were later questioned.[502]
September 10, 2014 Lake Mary, Florida 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 A Greenwood Lakes Middle School student shot himself in the head in a bathroom stall on campus. He shot himself after school. He was 14-years-old.

[503]

September 18, 2014 Pewaukee, Wisconsin 0,000,0010 0,000,0010 Pewaukee High School student was arrested on Friday after it was discovered that he had an unloaded rifle but also hundreds of rounds of ammunition in his car on school property. The accused was a 17-year-old junior.

[504]

September 27, 2014 Terre Haute, Indiana 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 A 20-year-old Indiana State University (ISU) student was shot by another ISU on Saturday inside a residence hall. The injuries were not fatal, and a full recovery was expected. The shooter was arrested on the following day.

[505]

September 30, 2014 Albemarle, North Carolina 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 Two students got in an argument at Albemarle High School around 7:30am on Tuesday, and one of the students shot the other twice including once in the leg. The student who committed the shooting was allegedly involved in a stabbing of a football player last year at West Montgomery High Schoo], which is only 20 miles (32 km) away in Mount Gilead, North Carolina. The school had held an active shooter training over the summer, which prepared the school for this incident.[506][507][508][509]
September 30, 2014 Louisville, Kentucky 0,000,0010 0,000,0011 One student was shot and injured at Fern Creek Traditional High School. The incident occurred around 1pm, reportedly after student became enraged in a hallway and pulled out a gun. The student was arrested later that day.[510][511]
October 3, 2014 Fairburn, Georgia 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 After a homecoming football game, a fatal shooting of Kristofer Hunter, 17, occurred in the Langston Hughes High School parking lot. The assailant, Eric Dana Johnson Jr., 18, turned himself in a week later.[512][513]
October 24, 2014 Marysville, Washington 0,000,0015 0,000,0011 Marysville Pilchuck High School shooting. On October 24, 2014, at around 10:39 a.m. PST, officials ordered a lock-down of the school due to a "emergency situation." A gunman, later identified as Jaylen Fryberg, who was a student in the school, shot five students, fatally wounding four, in the school cafeteria before committing suicide.[514]
November 20, 2014 Tallahassee, Florida 0,000,0011 0,000,0013 Florida State University shooting. On November 20, 2014, at around 12:39 a.m. EST, a gunman opened fired in or near the Strozier Library at Florida State University. Three people suffered gunshot injuries and were taken to a local area hospital. One was in critical condition, another was in good condition, and the third was shortly released after treatment. The gunman, later identified as Myron May, an alumnus from the school, started firing towards responding police officers and was fatally shot by them on the steps of the library.[515][516][517][518]
December 5, 2014 Claremore, Oklahoma 0,000,0011 0,000,0010 On December 5, 2014, 38-year-old Thomas Floyd Fees, a former Tulsa police officer, fired two gunshots the campus of Rogers State University before committing suicide. He had previously been arrested the day before for entering a female student's dormitory room with observable intent to commit a sexual assault.[519]
December 12, 2014 Portland, Oregon 0,000,0010 0,000,0013 Rosemary Anderson High School shooting. On December 12, 2014, an unknown gunman shot three students and a man outside Rosemary Anderson High School in north Portland. A 16-year-old girl was in critical condition, while the others suffered minor injuries. A 22-year-old man was arrested in connection with the shooting.[520]

List of U.S. school attacks[edit]

Further information: List of school-related attacks
Name Location Date Year Number of deaths Perpetrator fate
Bath School disaster Bath Township, Michigan May 18 1927 45 Killed wife before bombing at school; committed suicide[521]
University of Texas massacre Austin, Texas August 1 1966 16 Killed his wife and mother before shooting at the school; shot dead by police
Olean High School shooting1 Olean, New York December 30 1974 3 Taken alive by police; convicted; committed suicide in prison
California State University, Fullerton massacre Fullerton, California July 12 1976 7 Surrendered; committed to treatment for mental disorder
Cleveland Elementary School shooting San Diego, California January 29 1979 2 Surrendered; convicted and imprisoned
Deer Creek Middle School shooting Littleton, Colorado April 7 1982 1 Arrested and served 12 years in prison
Parkway South Middle School shooting Manchester, Missouri January 20 1983 2 Committed suicide
Cokeville Elementary School hostage crisis Cokeville, Wyoming May 16 1986 2 Man/wife team's hostage plot devolves to Murder/Suicide[522]
Pinellas Park High School Largo, Florida February 11 1988 1 Both arrested and served time in prison
Hubbard Woods School shooting Winnetka, Illinois May 20 1988 1 Committed suicide
Cleveland School massacre Stockton, California January 17 1989 6 Committed suicide
University of Iowa shooting Iowa City, Iowa November 1 1991 6 Committed suicide
Lindhurst High School shooting Olivehurst, California May 1 1992 4 Surrendered; imprisoned
Palo Duro High School shooting Amarillo, Texas September 11 1992 0 Arrested; imprisoned
Simon's Rock College of Bard shooting Great Barrington, Massachusetts December 14 1992 2 Surrendered, convicted and imprisoned
East Carter High School shooting Grayson, Kentucky January 18 1993 2 Surrendered, convicted and imprisoned
Fairfax High School shooting Los Angeles, California January 21 1993 1
Reseda High School shooting Reseda, California February 22 1993 1 Arrested, convicted and imprisoned
Wauwatosa West High School shooting Wauwatosa, Wisconsin December 1 1993 1 Arrested, convicted and imprisoned
Grimsley High School shooting Greensboro, North Carolina October 12 1994 1
Wickliffe Middle School shooting Wickliffe, Ohio November 7 1994 1 Arrested, convicted and imprisoned
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill shooting

Chapel Hill, NC

January 1995 Law student kills 2
Blackville-Hilda High School shooting Blackville, South Carolina October 12 1995 2 Committed suicide
Richland High School shooting Lynnville, Tennessee November 15 1995 2 Arrested, convicted and imprisoned
Frontier Middle School shooting Moses Lake, Washington February 2 1996 3 Subdued, convicted and imprisoned
San Diego State University shooting San Diego, California August 15 1996 3 Surrendered, convicted and imprisoned
University of Texas at San Antonio San Antonio, Texas August 26 1996 2 Committed suicide[270]
Hetzel Union Building shooting State College, Pennsylvania September 17 1996 1 19 year-old woman; arrested, convicted and imprisoned
Bethel Regional High School shooting Bethel, Alaska February 19 1997 2 Surrendered, convicted and imprisoned
Pearl High School shooting Pearl, Mississippi October 1 1997 2 Killed mother before shooting at school; stopped by armed adult, convicted and imprisoned
Heath High School shooting Paducah, Kentucky December 1 1997 3 Surrendered, convicted and imprisoned
Westside Middle School shooting Jonesboro, Arkansas March 24 1998 5 Both arrested, convicted and imprisoned
Parker Middle School dance shooting1 Edinboro, Pennsylvania April 24 1998 1 Stopped by armed adult and imprisoned
Thurston High School shooting Springfield, Oregon May 21 1998 2 Killed parents before shooting at school; subdued by several students, convicted and imprisoned
Columbine High School massacre Littleton, Colorado April 20 1999 15 Both committed suicide
Heritage High School shooting Conyers, Georgia May 20 1999 0 Surrendered, convicted and imprisoned
Buell Elementary School shooting Mount Morris Township, Michigan February 29 2000 1 Instantly surrendered, but not arrested; adult served prison sentence for negligence with weapon
Lake Worth Middle School shooting Lake Worth, Florida May 26 2000 1 Arrested, convicted and imprisoned
University of Arkansas shooting Fayetteville, Arkansas August 28 2000 2[288][289][290]
Santana High School shooting Santee, California March 5 2001 2 Surrendered, convicted and imprisoned
Granite Hills High School shooting El Cajon, California March 22 2001 0
Martin Luther King, Jr. High School shooting New York City, New York January 15 2002 0
Appalachian School of Law shooting Grundy, Virginia January 16 2002 3 Subdued, convicted and imprisoned
University of Arizona Nursing School shooting Tucson, Arizona October 28 2002 4 Committed suicide[523]
John McDonogh High School shooting New Orleans, Louisiana April 14 2003 1 Both arrested, convicted and imprisoned
Red Lion Area Junior High School shootings Red Lion, Pennsylvania April 24 2003 2 Committed suicide
Case Western Reserve University shooting Cleveland, Ohio May 9 2003 1[524] Arrested, convicted and imprisoned
Rocori High School shooting Cold Spring, Minnesota September 24 2003 2 Surrendered to adult, convicted and imprisoned
Columbia High School shooting East Greenbush, New York February 9 2004 0
Fairleigh Dickinson University shooting Florham Park, New Jersey April 4 2004 0[525]
Randallstown High School shooting Randallstown, Maryland May 7 2004 0
Red Lake Senior High School massacre Red Lake, Minnesota March 21 2005 8 Killed grandfather and companion before shootings at school; committed suicide
Campbell County High School shooting Jacksboro, Tennessee November 8 2005 1 Subdued by adult, convicted and imprisoned
Pine Middle School shooting Reno, Nevada March 14 2006 0 Surrendered, convicted and served time in community service
Essex Elementary School shooting[526] Essex, Vermont August 24 2006 2
Orange High School shooting Hillsborough, North Carolina August 30 2006 0 Killed father before shooting at school; arrested, convicted and imprisoned
Platte Canyon High School shooting Bailey, Colorado September 27 2006 2 Committed suicide after siege
Weston High School shooting Cazenovia, Wisconsin September 29 2006 1 Subdued by adult, convicted and imprisoned
Amish school shooting Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania October 2 2006 6 Committed suicide after siege
Henry Foss High School shooting Tacoma, Washington January 3 2007 1 Arrested, sentenced to 23 years of prison
Herbert Henry Dow High School Midland, Michigan March 8 2007 1
University of North Carolina at Greensboro Greensboro, North Carolina March 24 2007 0[527]
Virginia Tech massacre Blacksburg, Virginia April 16 2007 33 Committed suicide
Delaware State University shooting Dover, Delaware September 21 2007 1 Arrested, convicted and imprisoned
SuccessTech Academy shooting Cleveland, Ohio October 10 2007 1 Committed suicide
Louisiana Technical College shooting Baton Rouge, Louisiana February 8 2008 3 Committed suicide
Mitchell High School shooting Memphis, Tennessee February 11 2008 0
E.O. Green Junior High School shooting Oxnard, California February 12 2008 1 Arrested, convicted and sentenced to 21 years of prison
Northern Illinois University massacre DeKalb, Illinois February 14 2008 6 Committed suicide
Central High School shooting Knoxville, Tennessee August 21 2008 1 Arrested and sentenced to prison for 30 years
Henry Ford High School shooting Detroit, Michigan October 16 2008 1
2008 University of Central Arkansas shootings Conway, Arkansas October 27 2008 2 Two of four suspects were arrested
Dillard High School shooting Fort Lauderdale, Florida November 12 2008 1 15 year-old girl arrested; sentenced to 25 years
Henry Ford Community College shooting Dearborn, Michigan April 10 2009 2
Hampton University Hampton, Virginia April 26 2009 0 Arrested, convicted, sentenced to 14 years
Wesleyan University1 Middletown, Connecticut May 1 2009 1
Canandaigua Academy shooting Canandaigua, New York May 5 2009 1 Committed suicide, no staff/students injured
Harvard University Cambridge, Massachusetts May 18 2009 1[528]
Skyline College shooting San Bruno, California September 2 2009 0
Atlanta University Center Atlanta, Georgia September 3 2009 1[529]
Deer Valley High School shooting Antioch, California September 16 2009 0 Arrested, convicted and imprisoned
Northern Virginia Community College Woodbridge, Virginia December 8 2009 0[530] Arrested
Discovery Middle School Madison, Alabama February 5 2010 1[531]
University of Alabama in Huntsville Huntsville, Alabama February 12 2010 3[532] Arrested, convicted and imprisoned
Deer Creek Middle School Littleton, Colorado February 23 2010 0[533] Subdued by adults, convicted and imprisoned
Birney Elementary School Tacoma, Washington February 26 2010 1[534]
Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio March 9 2010 2[535]
Belleville Township HS East Belleville, Illinois August 17 2010 1[536]
University of Texas at Austin Austin, Texas September 28 2010 1[537] Committed suicide
Alisal High School Salinas, California October 1 2010 1[538][539]
Mid-Atlantic Christian University Elizabeth City, North Carolina October 3 2010 1[540] Arrested, convicted and imprisoned
Kelly Elementary School Carlsbad, California October 8 2010 0[541][542] Arrested and imprisoned
Marinette High School Marinette, Wisconsin November 29 2010 1[543] Committed suicide
Millard South High School shooting Omaha, Nebraska January 5 2011 2[544] Committed suicide
Martinsville West Middle School Martinsville, Indiana March 25 2011 0[368] Arrested, convicted, and sentenced to 30 years to prison with parole after serving 15 years
Worthing High School Houston, Texas March 30 2011 1[545] Arrested, charged
Ross Elementary School Houston, Texas April 19 2011 0[546]
San Jose State University San Jose, California May 10 2011 3[547]
Pearl City Middle School Pearl City, Hawaii May 23 2011 0[548] Arrested
Cape Fear High School shooting Fayetteville, North Carolina October 24 2011 0[549] Arrested, convicted, and sentenced to 15 years of prison
2011 Virginia Tech shooting Blacksburg, Virginia December 8 2011 2[550] Committed suicide
Walpole Elementary School Walpole, New Hampshire February 10 2012 0 Attempted suicide[551]
Chardon High School shooting Chardon, Ohio February 27 2012 3 Arrested, convicted and imprisoned
Oikos University shooting Oakland, California April 2 2012 7 Surrendered after siege
Perry Hall High School Perry Hall, Maryland August 27 2012 0 Subdued by adults, convicted and imprisoned
Normal Community High School Normal, Illinois September 7 2012 0 Arrested
Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting Newtown, Connecticut December 14 2012 27 Killed mother before mass shooting at school; committed suicide
Taft Union High School shooting Taft, California January 10 2013 0 Surrendered and arrested
Lone Star College–North Harris Harris County, Texas January 22 2013 0 Arrested and imprisoned
University of Central Florida Orlando, Florida March 18 2013 1 Committed suicide
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, Massachusetts April 18 2013 2 One of the shooters was killed, the other surrendered and imprisoned hours later
La Salle High School Cincinnati, Ohio April 29 2013 0 Shot himself
Santa Monica College Santa Monica, California June 7 2013 6 Killed father and brother before shooting at school; shot and killed by police
Carver High School Winston-Salem, North Carolina August 30 2013 0 Arrested
Gray-New Gloucester High School Gray, Maine September 28 2013 1 Unknown
J.W. Sexton High School Lansing, Michigan September 28 2013 0 Unknown
Lanier High School Austin, Texas October 15 2013 1 Suicide killing
Sparks Middle School shooting Sparks, Nevada October 21 2013 2 Committed suicide
North Carolina A&T State University Greensboro, North Carolina November 2 2013 0 Not arrested
Stephenson High School Lithonia, Georgia November 3 2013 0 Unknown
Brashear High School Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania November 13 2013 0 Six shooters arrested
Liberty University Lynchburg, Virginia November 19 2013 1 Shot and killed
South Dakota School of Mines & Technology Rapid City, South Dakota November 26 2013 1 Committed suicide
West Orange High School Winter Garden, Florida December 4 2013 0 Arrested
Arapahoe High School shooting Centennial, Colorado December 13 2013 2 Committed suicide
Edison High School Fresno, California December 19 2013 0 Arrested
Liberty Technology Magnet High School Jackson, Tennessee January 9 2014 0 Arrested
Hillhouse High School New Haven, Connecticut January 13 2014 0 Arrested
Berrendo Middle School Roswell, New Mexico January 14 2014 0 Arrested
Delaware Valley Charter School Philadelphia, Pennsylvania January 17 2014 0 Arrested
Widener University Chester, Pennsylvania January 20 2014 0 Not arrested
Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana January 21 2014 1 Arrested
South Carolina State University Orangeburg, South Carolina January 24 2014 1 Arrested, charged
Los Angeles Valley College Los Angeles, California January 25 2014 1 Two suspects arrested
Rebound High School Carbondale, Illinois January 27 2014 0 Not arrested
President Theodore Roosevelt High School Honolulu, Hawaii January 28 2014 0 Arrested and charged
Tennessee State University Nashville, Tennessee January 28 2014 0 Unknown
Eastern Florida State College Palm Bay, Florida January 30 2014 0 Unknown
North High School Des Moines, Iowa January 31 2014 0 Unknown
Bend High School Bend, Oregon February 8 2014 1 Committed suicide
Charles F. Brush High School Lyndhurst, Ohio February 10 2014 0 Unknown
Salisbury High School Salisbury, North Carolina February 10 2014 0 17 year old suspect was charged with assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill inflicting serious injury, possession of a firearm on school property and discharging a weapon on school property.
San Jose State University San Jose, California February 21 2014 1 Knife wielding suspect was shot and killed by University Police across from University campus.
Georgia Regents University Augusta, Georgia February 22 2014 0 While responding to a noise complaint, a University police officer fired after a suspect attempted to hit him with a car while trying to leave. Suspect was later found in the woods nearby with non-life-threatening injuries, and charged with aggravated assault on an officer.
The Academy of Knowledge Preschool Miami, Florida March 12 2014 1 Victim who was a teacher was shot and killed in the road behind a preschool by her husband in what authorities described as a domestic altercation. Suspect was caught later and charged with second-degree murder.
Benjamin Banneker High School College Park, Georgia March 25 2014 0 An argument between students led to shots being fired into the air in the school parking lot. No injuries reported. 2 juveniles face reckless conduct and firearms-related charges.
D. H. Conley High School Greenville, North Carolina April 9 2014 0 Two 17 year old students were arrested the next day after firing a handgun from a moving vehicle in the direction of the school. No students or teachers were injured.
Detroit East English Preparatory Academy Detroit, Michigan April 11 2014 1 Four suspects fled the scene in a car. Victim was not a student at the school.
River Woods Elementary Des Moines, IA August 6 2014 0 An 11-year-old student at RWES in Des Moines, Iowa, brought a BB gun to the school accompanied by two former students aged 11 & 16. The student admitted to having the weapon and making threats against 4 students. Police recovered the gun and arrested the alleged students.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David, Dixon (2005). Never Come to Peace Again: Pontiac's Uprising and the Fate of the British Empire in North America. University of Oklahoma Press. 
  2. ^ Sunbury American, October 5, 1850
  3. ^ "Serious Case of Shooting--Navigation". The New York Times. Nov 3, 1853. 
  4. ^ The Daily Dispatch, Richmond, VA, August 16, 1856
  5. ^ Evening Star, Washington D.C., July 6, 1858
  6. ^ "The Accidental Shooting in Alameda". Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 17, Number 2639. 12 September 1859. 
  7. ^ The Penny Press.,Cincinnati, OH, January 21, 1860
  8. ^ Daily Nashville patriot., October 26, 1861
  9. ^ The Abingdon Virginian., September 04, 1863
  10. ^ Cleveland tri-weekly leader., February 06, 1864
  11. ^ Daily Alta California, Volume 19, Number 7084, 17 February 1867
  12. ^ Memphis Daily Appeal., April 09, 1867
  13. ^ "A Boy Shot By His Schoolfellow-A Curious Affair". The New York Times. June 9, 1867. 
  14. ^ "Tragic Shooting Affair Near Chattanooga". The New York Times. December 26, 1868. 
  15. ^ Knoxville Daily Chronicle, January 28, 1871
  16. ^ "An Awful Tragedy". The New York Times. June 26, 1871. 
  17. ^ The Sun, New York City, February 2, 1872
  18. ^ The Daily Phoenix. Columbia, NC, February 11, 1873
  19. ^ The Charleston Daily News, Charleston, SC, March 17, 1873
  20. ^ "The Recent Murders". The New York Times. March 10, 1873. 
  21. ^ Los Angeles Herald, Volume 2, Number 139, 11 September 1874
  22. ^ Nebraska Advertiser, February 26, 1874
  23. ^ Mower County Transcript, Lansing, Minn., April 16, 1874
  24. ^ Daily Alta California, Volume 28, Number 9427, 27 January 1876
  25. ^ The Highland Weekly News, Hillsboro, Ohio, December 20, 1877
  26. ^ Daily Globe, (St. Paul, Minn.) May 26, 1878
  27. ^ "Shot by a Telegraph Operator". The New York Times. May 26, 1879. 
  28. ^ Daily Globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) June 01, 1879
  29. ^ "Daily globe., June 01, 1879, Image 5". http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/. Daily Globe St Paul, MN. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  30. ^ Burlington Weekly Free Press.(Burlington, VT.), July 30, 1880
  31. ^ Memphis Daily Appeal, October 22, 1880
  32. ^ Sacramento Daily Record-Union, December 20, 1880
  33. ^ Daily Los Angeles Herald, (Los Angeles, Calif.), December 02, 1881
  34. ^ Daily Evening Bulletin.(Maysville, KY.), December 22, 1881
  35. ^ The Iola Register. (Iola, Kan.), February 10
  36. ^ The Milan exchange. (Milan, Tenn.), April 15, 1882
  37. ^ Omaha Daily Bee (Omaha, NE), February 16, 1883
  38. ^ Barbour County Index (Medicine Lodge, Kan.), November 23, 1883
  39. ^ The Columbus Journal (Columbus, Neb.), January 23, 1884
  40. ^ The Austin Weekly Statesman.(Austin, TX), February 28, 1884
  41. ^ "Another "Jesse James" Gang". The New York Times. March 7, 1884. 
  42. ^ "The Work of Drunken Ruffians". The New York Times. March 16, 1884. 
  43. ^ "A Teacher Shot Dead". The New York Times. June 12, 1887. 
  44. ^ "Killed At Her Work A Washington Teacher Slain by Her Drunken Husband". News.google.ca. Retrieved March 12, 2011. 
  45. ^ "Shooting Into A Schoolhouse". The New York Times. June 14, 1889. 
  46. ^ "Shot by Schoolboy". Daily Alta California, Volume 82, Number 115. 25 April 1890. 
  47. ^ Daily Alta California, Volume 83, Number 181, 28 December 1890 Fatal Accident at a Military School.[1]
  48. ^ San Francisco Call, Volume 69, Number 52, 21 January 1891
  49. ^ Daily Alta California, Volume 84, Number 90, 31 March 1891
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  51. ^ San Francisco Call, Volume 72, Number 133, 11 October 1892
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