Looman–Menchoff theorem

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In the mathematical field of complex analysis, the Looman–Menchoff theorem states that a continuous complex-valued function defined in an open set of the complex plane is holomorphic if and only if it satisfies the Cauchy–Riemann equations. It is thus a generalization of a theorem by Goursat, which instead of assuming the continuity of f, assumes its Fréchet differentiability when regarded as a function from a subset of R2 to R2.

A complete statement of the theorem is as follows:

  • Let Ω be an open set in C and f : Ω → C a continuous function. Suppose that the partial derivatives \partial f/\partial x and \partial f/\partial y exist everywhere but a countable set in Ω. Then f is holomorphic if and only if it satisfies the Cauchy–Riemann equation:
\frac{\partial f}{\partial\bar{z}} = \frac{1}{2}\left(\frac{\partial f}{\partial x} + i\frac{\partial f}{\partial y}\right)=0.

References[edit]

  • Gray, J. D.; Morris, S. A. (1978), "When is a Function that Satisfies the Cauchy-Riemann Equations Analytic?", The American Mathematical Monthly (April 1978) 85 (4): 246–256, doi:10.2307/2321164, JSTOR 2321164 .
  • Looman, H. (1923), "Über die Cauchy–Riemannschen Differentialgleichungen", Göttinger Nachrichten: 97–108 .
  • Menchoff, D. (1936), Les conditions de monogénéité, Paris .
  • Montel, P. (1913), "Sur les différentielles totales et les fonctions monogènes", C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 156: 1820–1822 .
  • Narasimhan, Raghavan (2001), Complex Analysis in One Variable, Birkhäuser, ISBN 0-8176-4164-5 .