Louis O. Giuffrida
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He had a lengthy career in the U.S. Army, attaining the rank of colonel in 1968.
As originally reported by Alfonso Chardy in a newspaper article in the Miami Herald, July 5, 1987, at the US Army War College, Giuffrida wrote a thesis advocating the forcible relocation of millions of black Americans to concentration camps in the event of a national emergency. Prior to September 2014 the Miami Herald article was the only publication to share details about Giuffrida's thesis.
In 1971 he left the Army and organized the California Specialized Training Institute for then California Governor Reagan. The institute trained state employees in emergency management and police in counter-terrorism activities.. It was during this time that Giuffrida became friends with Edwin Meese.
He also served as an advisor on terrorism, emergency management, and other special topics for Governor Reagan. He was eventually promoted to the rank of general in the California Giuffrida was confirmed on May 18, 1981. At the time of his nomination Giuffrida was president of the Specialized Management Services Co. and director of the California Specialized Training Institute.
During his tenure at FEMA, Giuffrida developed much of FEMA's civil defense programs, including Continuity of Government.
Giuffrida was eventually forced out of the agency in 1985 after a Congressional investigation alleged that he spent government money to build a private residence at FEMA's Emergency Management Institute in Emmitsburg, Maryland as well as mismanagement and fraud. 
- "Louis O. Giuffrida Obituary: View Louis Giuffrida's Obituary by The Middletown Press". Legacy.com. Retrieved 2012-12-31.
- Cooper, Christopher; Block, Robert (2007-05-29). Disaster: Hurricane Katrina and the Failure of Homeland Security. Macmillan. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-8050-8650-8. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
- Giuffrida, Col. Louis O. (25 February 1970). National Survival-Racial Imperative. U.S. Army War College. Retrieved 2014-09-11.
- Cunningham-Cook, Matthew (11 September 2014). "Contingency Plans". Jacobin. Retrieved 2014-09-11.
- Ocala Star-Banner - Jul 25, 1985, FEMA Director Decides to Resign amid Allegations of Corruption by Associated Press, 
John W. McConnell (acting)
|Federal Emergency Management Agency director
Julius W. Becton, Jr.