Lyubov Dostoyevskaya

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Lyubov Dostoyevskaya
Lyubov Dostoyevskaya.jpg
Lyubov Dostoyevskaya as a child in the 1870s.
Born (1869-09-14)September 14, 1869
Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony
Died November 10, 1926(1926-11-10) (aged 57)
Gries, Kingdom of Italy
Occupation writer
Nationality Russian
Notable works Dostoyevsky According to His Daughter (1920)
Relatives Fyodor Dostoyevsky (father),
Anna Dostoyevskaya (mother)

Lyubov Fyodorovna Dostoyevskaya (Russian: Любо́вь Фёдоровна Достое́вская; 1869–1926) was a Russian writer,[1] memoirist and a second daughter of famous writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky and his wife Anna. Their first, Sofiya, was born in 1868 and died the same year.

Dostoyevskaya was a nervous child and cried a lot.[2] Due to having weak health, nervous system problems,[3] and constant relationship failures, Lyubov had become arrogant, haughty, and peevish.[4] She never married. In later life she became estranged from her mother and moved out of their house.[3] In 1913, after a trip abroad for medical treatment, Lyubov decided to stay there, and she lived abroad until her death in 1926.[3] At that period she was also known under the name Aimee Dostoyevskaya (Russian: Эме Достоевская).[4] She died in Italy of pernicious anemia.[4]

Although Lyubov Dostoyevskaya was Orthodox, a funeral rite was Catholic by mistake.[5] A simple wooden cross on her grave was soon replaced by a small porphyry tomb. In 1931 Italia Letteraria magazine suggested that since Dostoyevskaya was buried in Italy, it is the Italian government that should establish a memorial.[5] On December 1931 a granite pedestal was constructed, with an epitaph written by the editor of Venezia Tridentina magazine.[5] Resting place of Fyodor Dostoyevsky's daughter in Gries has been preserved after cemetery reconstruction.[4] Her tomb was moved to Bolzano city's cemetery.

Works[edit]

Dostoyevsky as Portrayed by His Daughter, published in Russian by Gosudarstvennoe Izdatelstvo.

Lyubov Dostoyevskaya is best known for the book Dostoyevsky as Portrayed by His Daughter (German: Dostoejewski geschildert von seiner Tochter, also known as Dostoyevsky According to His Daughter), originally published in Munich in 1920.[3] Her memoirs, written in French and published in German, were later translated into other European languages.[6] In 1920 the book was released in Dutch (in Arnhem), the following year there were translations into Swedish and English, and in 1922 it was published in the United States and Italy.[7] A Russian version, highly abridged, was published in 1922 by Gosudarstvennoe Izdatelstvo (Saint Petersburg) under the title "Достоевский в изображении его дочери Л. Достоевской".[8]

The work contains many factual inaccuracies, partly because at the year of her father's death Lyubov Dostoyevskaya was only 11, and partly because she based the memoirs on her mother's stories.[9][10][11] Many researchers tend to see this memoir as subjective and unreliable, citing, as an example, her bias in the description of the relationship between Dostoyevsky and his first wife, Mariya Isayeva.[5] Both Lyubov and her mother Anna expressed hatred towards Isayeva.[11]

Her other works include the short story collection Bolnye devushki (Russian: Больные девушки; 1911), and the novels Emigrantka (Эмигрантка; 1912) and Advokatka (Адвокатка; 1913).

English translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shadursky, Julia (June 1, 2006). "Dostoevsky: Into the Depths of the Human Soul". NevaNews. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  2. ^ http://submit.library.lt/ETD-afiles/VPU/etd-LABT20060612-140636-50718/unrestricted/Semionova.pdf
  3. ^ a b c d Lantz, Kenneth (2004). The Dostoevsky Encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 103. ISBN 0-313-30384-3. 
  4. ^ a b c d Kazakov, Alexey (August 31, 2000). "Lyubov Dostoyevskaya: confessions album. A unique book about the daughter of the great Russian writer was published in Italy" [Любовь Достоевская: альбом признаний Уникальная книга о дочери великого русского писателя издана в Италии на трех языках] (in Russian). Chelyabinskiy Rabochiy. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d Scanta, Olivia. "From Bolzano with love. The fate of Fyodor Dostoyevsky's daughter in Italy" [С любовью из Больцано. О судьбе дочери Ф.М.Достоевского в Италии] (in Russian). Russkoye Voskreseniye. Retrieved 6 October 2010. 
  6. ^ "Dostoevsky According to His Daughter" (in Russian). Gramota.ru. Retrieved 4 October 2010. 
  7. ^ "Russian life. An exhibition dedicated to the 500th anniversary of Dostoyevsky family" [Русская жизнь. Выставка к 500-летию рода Достоевских] (in Russian). Hrono.info. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  8. ^ "Dostoevsky According to His Daughter L. Dostoyevskaya" [Достоевский в изображении его дочери Л. Достоевской] (in Russian). Ozon.ru. Retrieved 4 October 2010. 
  9. ^ Catteau, Jacques (1989). Dostoyevsky and the process of literary creation. Cambridge University Press. p. 467. 
  10. ^ Carr, E (1930). "Was Dostoyevsky an Epileptic?". The Slavonic and East European Review (UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies). 
  11. ^ a b http://golosasibiri.narod.ru/downloads/kuz_ven_dost_1.pdf

See also[edit]

Media related to Dostoyevsky family at Wikimedia Commons