Barbadori Altarpiece

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Barbadori Altarpiece
Pala barbadori, louvre, lippi.jpg
Artist Filippo Lippi
Year 1438
Type Tempera on panel
Dimensions 208 cm × 244 cm (82 in × 96 in)
Location Louvre, Paris

The Barbadori Altarpiece is a painting by Filippo Lippi, dated to 1438 and housed in the Louvre Museum of Paris.

History[edit]

Gherardo di Bartolomeo Barbadori, who died childless in 1429, left his heritage to the Captains of Orsanmichele for the realization, in the church of Santo Spirito, of a chapel dedicated to san Frediano. The chapel was built in the old sacristy of the church and in 1433 it was decided to place there an altarpiece. The work was commissioned to Filippo Lippi around 1437, and a letter from Piero de' Medici to Domenico Veneziano, dated 1 April 1438, mentions the altarpiece as having not been finished yet.

The painting remained in Santo Spirito until 1810, when it was disassembled and brought to France by the Napoleonic troops. After the 1815 restoration it was not given back.

Description[edit]

The panel follows the traditional polyptych pattern of the time only in the upper part, which has arcades and columns. Also differently from previous works, Lippi painted the Virgin as standing, and making her the central point of the composition.

The angel on the left pulling up his garment is inspired to Nanni di Banco's group of the "Quattro Coronati", a sculpture in a niche of Orsanmichele. Another element of innovation (introduced at the same time also by Fra Angelico) was the lack of a gilted background, replaced by an architectural space with a window opening to hilly landscape, inspired to Flemish contemporary works. The shell-shaped niche in the background, a typical element of 15th century Florentine painting, and of Lippi in particular, is inspired to a nice in the Tribunale of the Mercanzie in Orsanmichele, designed by Donatello.

The kneeling saints are, on the right, St. Augustine and, on the left, San Frediano. On the left is an alleged portrait of Filippo Lippi, identified as the young monk behind the balaustrade.

The work was originally accompanied by a predella, which was returned to Florence after the fall of Napoleon and is now housed in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. It includes three panels depicting San Frediano Changing the Course of the Serchio, an Annunciation of the Virgin's Death and the Apparition of the Holy Ghost to St. Augustine

Predella pala barbadori, uffizi, 02.jpg Predella pala barbadori, uffizi, 01.jpg Predella pala barbadori, uffizi, 03.jpg

Predella of the Barbadori Altarpiece

Sources[edit]

  • De Vecchi, Pierluigi; Elda Cerchiari (1999). I tempi dell'arte. Milan: Bompiani. ISBN 88-451-7212-0. 

External links[edit]