Mahanadi (film)

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This article is about the 1994 Tamil film. For the river in Central India, see Mahanadi.
Mahanadi
Mahanadikamal.jpg
Directed by Santhana Bharathi
Produced by S. A. Rajkannu
Written by Kamal Haasan
Ra. Ki. Rangarajan (dialogues)
Screenplay by Kamal Haasan
Story by Kamal Haasan
Starring Kamal Haasan
Sukanya
Cochin Haneefa
Poornam Viswanathan
Music by Ilaiyaraaja
Cinematography M. S. Prabhu
Edited by N. P. Satish
Production
  company
Sree Amman Creations
Distributed by Sree Amman Creations
Release date(s) 14 January 1994
Country India
Language Tamil
Budget INR3.7 crore

Mahanadi (Tamil: மகாநதி) is a 1994 Tamil Indian drama film directed by Santhana Bharathi featuring Kamal Hassan, Sukanya, and Cochin Haneefa.[1] It portrays the grief of a humble villager, who sees his family, property being ruined. The film dealt with several issues such as corruption and child trafficking.[2] It was dubbed in Telugu with the same title. Although critically acclaimed, the film failed at the box office.[3][4][5] The film won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil.[6]

Plot[edit]

Krishnaswamy (Kamal Hassan) is a widower living happily along with his mother-in-law Saraswathi (S. N. Lakshmi), daughter Kaveri (Mahanadi Shobana) and son Bharani (Mahanadhi Dinesh) in a village near Trichy. Dhanush (Cochin Haneefa); a con from the city has an eye on Krishnaswamy's prosperity and asks him to join his chit fund business. At first Krishnaswamy is reluctant; however when a rich friend from a foreign country visits house, he too wants to be rich like them. Hence he agrees to Dhanush's proposal and arrives at the city. However, he is unaware of Dhanush's tricks and when Dhanush swindles away the chitfund money, the blame is put on Krishnaswamy. and he lands up in jail. He finds that even his future father-in-law Panjapakesan (Poornam Viswanathan) is also in jail for same reason whose daughter is Yamuna (Sukanya) working as nurse. He advises Krishnaswamy not to be angry if the jailor is cruel; as he might be released sooner if he is submissive in the jail. During Krishnaswamy's tenure in jail, Yamuna takes care of his family. Due to unavoidable situations, his mother-in-law dies and his son and daughter go missing. Krishnaswamy learns this after coming out from the jail suffering unnecessary hardships.

Krishna finds his son, with street-artists and gets his son back. He later finds from Dhanush that his daughter is in Kolkata, at a brothel called Sonagachi.

Krishna goes to Kolkata with his father-in-Law and tracks his daughter Kaveri. Unable to bear the grief, he grabs Kaveri and tries to escape, while the pimps there beat him blue. The elder sex-workers/madam make truce and insist that Krishna take Kaveri, while they would work extra-hours to pay the pimps for the loss of Kaveri.

After coming back from Kolkatta, he wants to start a new life with Yamuna, but his friend in Police Muthusamy (Rajesh) tells him that Danush has planned to jail Krishnaswamy further by plotting a murder case against him & would be arrested the next day. Krishnaswamy decides to curb the root of all sin and grief against Dhanush, goes to seek revenge. He comes to know that Dhanush is just a pawn in the big game of cheating. He not only kills Dhanush but also the main person who was behind this game; but at the cost of losing his arm.

Krishna is sentenced to 14 years life-imprisonment and comes out a contented man, to see his daughter married and has a child, son being a grown up man. The movie ends with his son swimming in the river, reminding Krishna his own antics.

Cast[edit]

Soundtrack[edit]

The music was composed by Ilaiyaraaja and lyrics were written by Vaali. Shobana, who acted as Kamal Haasan's daughter in the film, also sung the song "Sri Ranga Ranganathanin".[7]

Song Singer(s)
Anbana Thayai S P Balasubrahmanyam
Engeyo Thikkudesai Kamal Hassan
Peigala Bhoodhama Kamal Hassan, Sanmugasundari
Pongalo Pongal K S Chithra
Solladha Raagangal S P Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki
Sri Ranga Ranganathanin S P Balasubrahmanyam, Uma Ramanan, Shobana
Thanmanam Ulla Nenjum Kamal Hassan
Pirar Vaada(Poem) Kamal Hassan, Poem by Bharathiyar

Production[edit]

Kamal Haasan wrote the story, screenplay and co-wrote the dialogues with Ra. Ki. Rangarajan.[8] Kamal Haasan's then-wife Sarika designed the costumes and was also an uncredited audiographer for the film.[9] Director Cheran worked as an associate director on the film.[10] The film marked the debut of singer Shobana,[11] who did not act in any other film since then, Dinesh and Shankar,[12] who all got the film's title, "Mahanadhi", added to their names as a prefix. Mahanadi was the first film in India to make use of Avid technology,[13] becoming one of the first digitally edited films outside of US.[14]

Kamal Haasan later said that Mahanadi was a very important film for him.[4] He also told that the film was influenced by Les Misérables.[15]

Themes[edit]

Baradwaj Rangan said "Mahanadhi is one of the saddest films ever made, grim north to Singin’ in the Rain’s blithe south, but it has an extraordinary musical moment in Peygala nambaadhey, which Kamal Haasan’s character sings, during a power cut, to his children who are scared of the dark. This multifunctional song is (a) a father’s moral instruction to his children (“face your fears”), (b) a bit of levity, (c) a sweet stretch showcasing this family’s dynamics, and (d) a hint that bad things can come at you from everywhere, whether from the television set (featuring terrifyingly distorted musical performers) or even a doting grandmother (who, jokingly, fashions herself into a demon goddess). That’s where the film is headed, into a zone where nothing and no one can be trusted, and this song shapes these themes in a casually understated manner".[16]

Poet Puviarasu stated, "Don't go after the mystic deer, was Kamal's message in the movie Mahanadhi". In the film, Krishna relocates to the city to earn more money, own a Benz and educate his daughter at Church Park Convent. And he faces the consequences of his actions. The important characters in the film are named after the various rivers in India. The Cauvery water problem is dealt with in a symbolic way. The daughter of Krishna is named Cauvery. Later a prostitute in Kolkata, where the Ganga flows as the Hooghly, rescues her. Here, Kamal brings about the importance of the `linking of rivers'".[17]

Mahanadi is a major river in India and translates to "Great River", and the names of the characters played by Kamal Haasan, Suganya, Shobana/Sangita and Dinesh are Krishna, Yamuna, Kaveri, Bharani, all names of major Indian rivers, too.

Reception[edit]

Thenisai.com gave 3.5 out of 5 and wrote, "This emotionally-draining movie has an impact that lasts for long after the movie has ended. This is powerful drama but is surprisingly free of the manipulation or sentimentality that most movies of this sort resort to".[18] Another reviewer wrote, "Probably the most depressing movie ever made, "Mahanadhi" is a motion picture that is nearly impossible to watch and yet, almost paradoxically, is not a film to be missed by anyone who appreciates sensible, gut wrenching cinema.[19] Naachgaana.com wrote, "this movie is a masterpiece. It's a haunting human tragedy which is completely unforgettable and features what can only be called one of the most powerful performances in Indian Cinema.[20]

The film was screened at the International Film Festival Rotterdam six years after its release.[4]

Mahanadhi has been often cited as one of the saddest and most depressing films from Tamil cinema.[19][21][22][23]

Awards[edit]

The film won two awards at the 41st National Film Awards. It received the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil and H. Sridhar and K. M. Surya Narayan received the National Film Award for Best Audiography.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Filmography of mahanadhi". Archive.is. 1994-01-14. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  2. ^ 11:48:00 AM November 28, 2013 (2013-11-28). "Bollywood Express". Tamilculture.ca. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  3. ^ "Metro Plus Madurai / Personality : No stopping him". The Hindu. 2004-09-27. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  4. ^ a b c "rediff.com, Movies: 'The future? I may not act at all!'". In.rediff.com. 2001-03-15. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  5. ^ Kamalahasan, the consummate actor - Roopa Swaminathan - Google Books. Books.google.de. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  6. ^ Conscience of the race: India's offbeat cinema - Bibekananda Ray, Naveen Joshi, India. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. Publications Division - Google Books. Books.google.de. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  7. ^ "Education Plus Chennai : Music to your ears". The Hindu. 2004-09-27. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  8. ^ B. Kolappan (2012-08-19). "Ra.Ki. Rangarajan passes away". The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  9. ^ "Star maker does it again". The Hindu. 2000-07-21. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  10. ^ "Best of 1997". Indolink.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  11. ^ "Mahanadhi Shobana - Chennaiyil Thiruvaiyaru". Lakshmansruthi.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  12. ^ "Mahanadhi Shankar turns a hero - Tamil Movie News". Indiaglitz.com. 2010-05-17. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  13. ^ "Digitizing Films - Times Of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2013-04-10. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  14. ^ "Cinema Plus / Events : A first for Sathyam". The Hindu. 2009-08-07. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  15. ^ "Writing for celluloid". The Hindu. 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  16. ^ "What a glorious feeling". The Hindu. 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  17. ^ "The fine art of cinema". The Hindu. 2006-08-21. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  18. ^ "Mahanadhi,Tamil Movies Cinema". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  19. ^ a b "Mahanadhi". Geocities.ws. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  20. ^ http://www.naachgaana.com/2009/11/03/my-piece-on-mahanadhi-tamil-1994/
  21. ^ "Cinema Plus / Columns : Why I hate... Mahanadhi". The Hindu. 2008-10-24. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  22. ^ malathi rangarajan (2012-02-12). "Admirable line and length". The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  23. ^ "Claps & Boos". Clapsandboos.com. 2010-06-01. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  24. ^ "Directorate of Film Festival". Iffi.nic.in. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 

External links[edit]