Muhammad Salih Tahtawi

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Muhammad Salih Thattvi headed the task of creating a massive, seamless celestial globe using a secret wax casting method in the Mughal Empire, the famous celestial globe of Muhammad Salih Tahtawi is inscribed with Arabic and Persian inscriptions and was completed in the year 1631.[1][2]
A detailed portrait of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir holding a globe probably made by Muhammad Salih Tahtawi, (painting by: Abul Hasan, Nadir al-Zaman (dated 1617 AD)[3][4]

Muhammad Salih Tahtawi also spelled Muhammad Salih Thattvi (1074 AH/1663-64 AD), Mughal Metallurgist, Astronomer, geometric expert and Craftsman, was born and raised in Thatta, Sindh province in Pakistan, during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and the governorship of the Mughal Nawab Mirza Ghazi Beg of Sindh, who is remembered for the completion of the monumental Shah Jahan Mosque built in 1647-49. During those years young Metallurgists were recruited, patronized and delivered to the Mughal Court at Agra.[1][2]

Masterpiece[edit]

In 1559, Muhammad Salih Thattvi headed the task of creating a massive, seamless celestial globe using a secret wax casting method in the Mughal Empire, the famous celestial globe of Muhammad Salih Tahtawi is inscribed with Arabic and Persian inscriptions. Twenty other such globes were produced in Lahore and Kashmir during the Mughal Empire. It is considered a major feat in metallurgy.

Legacy[edit]

According to Historians the first person to create a seamless celestial globe in the Mughal Empire was Ali Kashmiri ibn Luqman in (998 AH/1589-90 AD) in he created many masterpieces in Kashmir in the reign of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, and during his rule the craft found its way into the city of Lahore and its workshops were most prolific, because there Metallurgists made making precision seamlessly cast globes. But the most prolific and largest was made during the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan by Muhammad Salih Tahtawi in (1074 AH/1665 AD) and is of interest for being inscribed in both Arabic and Persian. However there after during the centuries to come seamlessly cast globes continued to be made in Lahore up to the mid 19th century (1850s) until the arrival of the British Empire.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Savage-Smith, Emilie (1985), Islamicate Celestial Globes: Their History, Construction, and Use, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 
  2. ^ a b c Kazi, Najma (24 November 2007). "Seeking Seamless Scientific Wonders: Review of Emilie Savage-Smith's Work". FSTC Limited. Retrieved 2008-02-01. 
  3. ^ "National Portrait Gallery claims "Lost" Emperor Portrait is Largest Mughal Painting Ever Seen". 
  4. ^ "Jahangir portrait sold for Rs. 10 crore at London auction". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 7 April 2011.