Striped red mullet

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Striped red mullet
Mullus surmuletus.jpg
Conservation status
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Mullidae
Genus: Mullus
Species: M. surmuletus
Binomial name
Mullus surmuletus
Linnaeus, 1758
Synonyms
  • Mullus barbatus surmuletus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Mullus fuscatus Rafinesque, 1810

The striped red mullet or surmullet (Mullus surmuletus) is a species of goatfish found in the Mediterranean Sea, eastern North Atlantic Ocean, and the Black Sea. They can be found in water as shallow as 5 metres (16 ft) or as deep as 409 metres (1,342 ft) depending upon the portion of their range that they are in. This species can reach a length of 40 centimetres (16 in) SL though most are only around 25 centimetres (9.8 in). The greatest recorded weight for this species is 1 kilogram (2.2 lb). This is a commercially important species and is also sought after as a game fish.[1]

Mullus barbatus and it are commonly called "red mullets" and often are not distinguished, though they can be told apart by the striped first dorsal fin of M. surmuletus.

Despite its English name, the striped red mullet, of the goatfish family Mullidae, is only very distantly related to the grey mullet and many other species called "mullet", of the mullet family Mugilidae, which belongs to a completely different order of ray-finned fishes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Mullus surmuletus" in FishBase. December 2013 version.

Notes[edit]

Media related to Mullus surmuletus at Wikimedia Commons