The Museum of African Art (Serbian: Музеј Афричке Уметности / Muzej Afričke Umetnosti) is a museum located in the urban neighborhood of Senjak in Belgrade, the capital city of Serbia. The museum was founded in 1977 and represents the only museum in the country dedicated to the arts and culture of Africa. Most of its collection comes from the West Africa.
The museum specializes in African art, and predominantly features African masks. It was established from the private collection of Croatian diplomat in service of the Socialist Federal Republic of YugoslaviaZdravko Pečar (born in Međimurje), and was a result of his long stay as Ambassador to Africa. The collection contains many rare and valuable pieces from the regions in which he travelled. The collection was bequeathed to the City of Belgrade in 1974 by the ambassador.
Since its initial establishment from Pečar's private collection, the museum has continually expanded its collection and as of 2006 contains approximately 1,700 pieces.