Nanuchka-class corvette

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Nanuchka-I DN-SC-88-09637.jpg
Project 1234 Ovod (NATO code Nanuchka-I) class corvette
Class overview
Operators:  Soviet Navy
 Russian Navy
 Algerian National Navy
 Indian Navy
 Libyan Navy
Libya Libyan People's Army
General characteristics
Type: Missile corvette
Displacement: 560 long tons (569 t) standard, 660 long tons (671 t) full load
Length: 59.3 m (194.6 ft)
Beam: 12.6 m (41.3 ft)
Draught: 2.4 m (7.9 ft)
Draft: 2.7 m [1]
Propulsion: 3 shaft Diesels, 30,000 hp (22,371 kW)
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h)
Range: 2,500 nautical miles (4,630 km) at 12 kn (22 km/h); 900 nmi (1,667 km) at 30 kn (56 km/h)
Complement: 60
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Radar: Band Stand, Bass Tilt, Peel pair,Pop group
Armament:
  • 6 SS-N-9 SSM (2x3) or 4 x SS-N-2 (export ships)
  • 1 SA-N-4 SAM (1x2) - 20 missiles
  • 2 - 57mm guns (1x2) or 1 x 76mm gun (III)
  • 1 - 30mm gun, AK-630 (III)

The Nanuchka class was the NATO reporting name for a series of corvettes or small missile ships built for the Soviet Navy and export customers between 1969 and 1981. The Soviet designation was Project 1234 Ovod (Gadfly) Small Missile Ship. These ships were designed around the P-120 Malakhit anti ship missile. Export versions used the P-15 Termit Styx missile. Reportedly, it was the Mirazh, a Project 1234 corvette, that sank a Georgian vessel during an attempted attack on Russian ships near Abkhazia's coast on August 10, 2008.[2]

Ships[edit]

Soviet Navy[edit]

  • Nanuchka I (Project 1234) - 17 boats - retired in the 1990s, except Musson which was sunk in error by an SSM during an exercise in 1987 (27 fatalities)
  • Nanuchka III (Project 1234.1) - 18 boats - about 11 still in service with the Russian Navy
  • Nanuchka IV (project 1234.2) - 1 boat Nakat - in Russian Navy service. Trial vessel for P-800 Oniks ASHM

Export customers[edit]


Ship list[edit]

According to S.S. Berezhnoy: Malye...; see full reference just below
Name Laid Launched Entered service Fleet Withdrawn
Projekt 1234 (Nanuchka I)
Burya (Буря), by 1970: MRK-3 Jan. 13, 1967 Oct. 10, 1968 Sept. 30, 1970 Black Feb. 11 1991
Briz (Бриз), by 1970 MRK-7 Nov. 5 1967 Oct. 10 1969 Dec. 31 1970 Black, Pac Oct. 29 1992
Vikhr (Вихрь) 21. 08. 1967 22. 07. 1970 30. 09. 1971 Black, Pac 05. 07. 1994
Volna (Волна) 27. 09. 1968 20. 07. 1971 31. 12. 1971 Balt, North 30. 06. 1993
Grad (Град) 29. 11. 1967 30. 04. 1972 30. 09. 1972 Balt 30. 06. 1993
Groza (Гроза) 09. 01. 1969 26. 07. 1972 26. 12. 1972 Balt, Black 1992
Grom (Гром) 01. 10. 1969 29. 10. 1972 28. 12. 1972 Balt, Black 24. 05. 1995
Zarnica (Зарница) 27. 07. 1970 28. 04. 1973 18. 09. 1973 Black in service 1998
Molniya (Молния) 30. 09. 1971 27. 08. 1973 28. 12. 1973 Balt ?
Shkval (Шквал) 17. 05. 1972 28. 12. 1973 14. 06. 1974 Balt 1988 reserve
Zaria (Заря) 18. 10. 1972 18. 05. 1974 28. 09. 1974 North 05. 07. 1994
Myetyel (Метель) 19. 02. 1973 10. 08. 1974 08. 12. 1974 North 16. 03. 1998
Shtorm (Шторм) 20. 10. 1973 03. 03. 1975 15. 06. 1975 Balt 16. 03. 1998
Raduga (Радуга) 16. 01. 1974 20. 06. 1975 01. 12. 1975 Balt 05. 07. 1994
Burun (Бурун) 1975 1977 30. 12. 1977 North, Balt ?
Tsiklon (Циклон) 22. 09. 1973 24. 05. 1977 31. 12. 1977 Pac 17. 01. 1995
Vyetyer (Ветер) 27. 02. 1976 21. 04. 1978 30. 09. 1978 North 04. 08. 1995 (possibly 1234.1?)
Aysberg (Айсберг) 11. 11. 1976 20. 04. 1979 30. 09. 1979 North ? (possibly 1234.1?)
Tucha (Туча) 04. 05. 1977 29. 04. 1980 31. 07. 1980 North in service 1995 (possibly 1234.1?)
Musson (Муссон) 14. 07. 1975 01. 07. 1981 30. 12. 1981 Pac sunk 16. 4. 1987 (possibly 1234.1?)
Uragan (Ураган) 01. 08. 1980 27. 05. 1983 30. 09. 1983 North ? (possibly 1234.1?)
Projekt 1234.1 (Nanuchka III)
Tayfun (Тайфун) 10. 05. 1974 14. 08. 1979 30. 12. 1979 Pac 04. 08. 1995
Zyb’ (Зыбь),
from 1982
Komsomolets Mordovii
(Комсомолец Мордовии),
from 1992
Shtil (Штиль)
28. 06. 1976 23. 10. 1978 31. 12. 1978 Black in service 2006
Priboy (Прибой) 25. 11. 1978 20. 04. 1984 30. 11. 1984 North ?
Smerch (Смерч) 16. 11. 1981 16. 11. 1984 30. 12. 1984 Pac in service Feb 2014
Priliv (Прилив) 29. 04. 1982 26. 04. 1985 31. 10. 1985 Balt ?
Livien’ (Ливень),
from 1987
XX Syezd VLKSM
(XX Съезд ВЛКСМ),
from 1992
Iney (Иней)
06. 07. 1983 05. 10. 1986 25. 12. 1987 Pac ?
Mirazh (Мираж) 30. 08. 1983 19. 08. 1986 30. 12. 1986 Black in service 2008
Meteor (Метеор) 13. 11. 1984 16. 09. 1987 31. 12. 1987 Balt in service 1996
Rassvyet (Рассвет) 29. 09. 1986 22. 08. 1988 28. 12. 1988 North in service 1995
Zyb’ (Зыбь) (II) 26. 08. 1986 28. 02. 1989 26. 09. 1989 Balt in service 2011
Geyzer (Гейзер) 21. 12. 1987 28. 08. 1989 27. 12. 1989 Balt in service 2011
Moroz (Мороз) 17. 02. 1985 23. 09. 1989 30. 12. 1989 Pac in service 1999
Razliv (Разлив) 01. 11. 1986 24. 08. 1991 31. 12. 1991 Pac in service 1999
Passat (Пассат) 27. 05. 1988 13. 06. 1990 06. 12. 1990 Balt ?
Livien’ (Ливень) (II) 28. 09. 1988 08. 05. 1991 25. 10. 1991 Balt ?
Perekat (Перекат) 1988 - - - not completed
Projekt 1234.7 (Nanuchka IV)
Nakat (Накат) 04. 11. 1982 16. 04. 1987 30. 09. 1987 Pac ?

Fleets: Baltic Fleet, Northern Fleet, Black Sea Fleet, Pacific Fleet

Initial name Laid Launched First commissioned End user
Projekt 1234E (Nanuchka II)
Uragan 31. 05. 1974 16. 04. 1976 30. 09. 1976 1977 → India "Vijay Durg"
Priboy 22. 01. 1975 02. 10. 1976 18. 02. 1977 1977 → India "Sindhu Durg"
Priliv 23. 06. 1975 14. 04. 1977 20. 09. 1977 1978 → India "Hos Durg"
MRK-21 10. 03. 1978 28. 08. 1979 31. 12. 1979 04. 07. 1980 → Algeria "Ras Hamidou"
MRK-23 17. 08. 1978 31. 07. 1980 31. 10. 1980 09. 02. 1981 → Algeria "Salah Reis"
МRK-9 21. 04. 1979 10. 01. 1981 27. 05. 1981 1981 → Libya "Ean Mara"
MRK-22 04. 04. 1980 13. 08. 1981 30. 11. 1981 08. 05. 1982 → Algeria "Reis All"
МRK-24 20. 02. 1981 26. 03. 1982 31. 05. 1982 1983 → Libya "Ean Al Gazala"
MRK-25 27. 05. 1981 21. 07. 1982 31. 05. 1983 1984 → Libya "Ean Zara"
MRK-15 25. 03. 1983 31. 03. 1984 10. 09. 1984 1985 → Libya "Ean Zaquit", sunk 25. 03. 1986

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Couhat Jean. Combat Fleets of the world 1982/1983 Their Ships, Aircraft, and Armament Paris: Editions Maritimes et d'Outre-Mer, 1981 ISBN 0-87021-125-0 Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 78-50192 Pg.2
  2. ^ Russia's Mirazh corvette returns to Sevastopol naval base

Gallery[edit]