Finnish parliamentary election, 2015
The 2015 Finnish parliamentary election was held on 19 April 2015, with advance voting from 8 to 14 April. The 200 members of the Finnish Parliament were elected with the proportional D'Hondt method.
There were 4,463,333 people entitled to vote in Finland and abroad.
Previous government parties
The incumbent government was formed by a four party coalition, composed of the National Coalition Party, Social Democratic Party, Swedish People's Party and the Christian Democrats as well as the MP for Åland. Left Alliance and the Green League were initially also part of the governing coalition, but both left in 2014.
On 22 June 2011, the parliament elected Jyrki Katainen as prime minister by a vote of 118–72; two Left Alliance MPs voted against Katainen, for which they were formally reprimanded by the Left Alliance parliamentary group. They were subsequently expelled from the group, reducing the government majority from 126 MPs to 124. In March 2014 the Left Alliance announced that it was leaving the cabinet, citing the party's opposition to budget cuts in social welfare programs, which had been agreed to by the other five parties. This reduced the government's majority to 112 MPs.
In April 2014 Jyrki Katainen announced that he would not seek another term as the chairman of the National Coalition Party. The NCP chose Alexander Stubb as its new chairman in June, and he subsequently became the new Prime Minister. In September 2014 the Green League announced that it was leaving the cabinet. The Greens were opposed to the other governing parties' decision to grant Fennovoima a licence for building a nuclear power plant in Pyhäjoki. The Greens' departure cut the government's majority to 102 MPs (including the Speaker of the Parliament, who does not vote).
Changes to the electoral districts
In 2013 the parliament decided to merge certain electoral districts to create larger districts: the electoral districts of Northern Savonia and North Karelia have been merged into a new district called Savonia-Karelia, while the electoral districts of Kymi and Southern Savonia have been merged into a new district called South-Eastern Finland.
|03 Finland Proper||17|
|08 South-East Finland||17|
|11 Central Finland||10|
Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each poll is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The table uses the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if that date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead.
Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 101 seats are required for an absolute majority in the Finnish Parliament.
|19 Apr 2015||ScenariPolitici[note 1]||36||34||35||51||15||15||8||5||1|
|21 Mar 2015||Accuscore[note 2]||34||35||36||53||16||14||9||2||1|
|3 Nov 2014–19 Mar 2015||Taloustutkimus[note 3]||33||35||31||56||17||15||8||4||1|
|14 Mar 2015||Accuscore||34||34||36||55||16||14||8||2||1|
|26 Feb 2015||Accuscore||34||34||36||56||16||14||8||1||1|
|21 Feb 2015||Accuscore||35||34||35||57||15||14||8||1||1|
|23 Jan 2015||Accuscore||35||33||36||56||15||15||8||1||1|
|2 Jun–2 Dec 2014||Taloustutkimus||42||31||37||50||17||12||8||2||1|
|National Coalition Party||540,212||18.20||37||–7|
|Social Democratic Party||490,102||16.51||34||–8|
|Swedish People's Party of Finland||144,802||4.88||9||0|
|Pirkanmaa Joint List||2,469||0.08||0||New|
|Liberals for Åland||1,277||0.04||0||0|
|Communist Workers' Party||1,100||0.04||0||0|
|For the Poor||623||0.02||0||0|
|Total votes cast||2,983,856||100|
|Registered voters in Finland/turnout in Finland||4,221,237||70.1|
|Registered voters overall/turnout overall||4,463,333||66.9|
|Source: Ministry of Justice, YLE|
As the leader of the largest party, Juha Sipilä of Centre was tasked with forming the new government coalition. In early May Sipilä announced that he will seek to form a right-leaning coalition consisting of the three largest parties – the Centre Party, the Finns Party and the National Coalition Party.
- Counted by ScenariPolitici, but based on various polls by different polling firms. Åland's MP is the other.
- Counted by Accuscore, but based on various polls by different polling firms. Åland's MP is the other.
- Not a single poll, but based on five separate Taloustutkimus polls. Åland's MP is the other.
- "Finnish Parliamentary Elections 2015" (PDF). vaalit.fi. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "Advance voting begins ahead of parliamentary elections". yle.fi. Yle News English. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "People entitled to vote". vaalit.fi. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- Vasemmistoliitto lähtee hallituksesta YLE, 25 March 2014, accessed 18 September 2014.
- Fennovoiman periaatepäätös hyväksyttiin, vihreät jättää hallituksen Helsingin Sanomat, 18 September 2014, accessed 18 September 2014.
- Vihreät ulos hallituksesta – "Mieli on raskas ja pettynyt" YLE, 18 September 2014, accessed 18 September 2014.
- Vaalipiiriuudistus lyötiin lukkoon eduskunnassa YLE, 6 March 2013, accessed 18 September 2014.
- Sipilä opts for right-leaning government, YLE News 7 May 2015, accessed 7 May 2015.
Media related to Parliamentary elections in Finland, 2015 at Wikimedia Commons