North Island giant moa

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North Island giant moa
Dinornis maximus.001 — Natural History Museum of London.JPG
Skeleton, Natural History Museum of London
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Paleognathae
Order: Struthioniformes
Family: Dinornithidae
Genus: Dinornis
Species: D. novaezealandiae
(Owen 1843)
Binomial name
Dinornis novaezealandiae
(Owen 1843)[1]
Synonyms
  • Dinornis giganteus (Owen, 1844)
  • Dinornis struthoides (Owen, 1844)
  • Dinornis ingens (Owen, 1844)
  • Dinornis gigas (Owen, 1846) spelling lapse
  • Moa ingens (Reichenbach, 1850)
  • Movia ingens (Reichenbach, 1850)
  • Owenia struthoides(Gray, 1855)
  • Dinornis gracilis (Owen, 1855)
  • Dinornis maximus (Haast, 1869)
  • Dinornis altus (Owen, 1879)
  • Dinornis excelsus (Hutton, 1891)
  • Dinornis firmus (Hutton, 1891)
  • Dinornis validus (Hutton, 1891)
  • Dinornis potens (Hutton, 1891)
  • Dinornis strenuus (Hutton, 1893)
  • Dinornis struthioides (Lydekker, 1891)
  • Palapteryx plenus (Hutton, 1891)
  • Tylopteryx struthoides (Hutton, 1891)
  • Dinornis torosus (Hutton, 1891)
  • Palapteryx ingens (Lydekker, 1891)

The North Island giant moa (Dinornis novaezelandiae) is one of three extinct moa in the genus Dinornis.

Taxonomy[edit]

Restoration by Frohawk
Skull at the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin

It is a ratite and a member of the order Struthioniformes. The Struthioniformes are flightless birds with a sternum without a keel. They also have a distinctive palate. The origin of these birds is becoming clearer as it is now believed that early ancestors of these birds were able to fly and flew to the southern areas where they have been found.[2]

Habitat[edit]

This particular moa lived on both the North Island and the South Island of New Zealand, and lived in the lowlands (shrublands, grasslands, dunelands, and forests).[2]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Brands, S. (2008)
  2. ^ a b Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)

References[edit]

  • Brands, Sheila (Aug 14, 2008). "Systema Naturae 2000 / Classification, Genus Dinornis". Project: The Taxonomicon. Retrieved Feb 4, 2009. 
  • Davies, S.J.J.F. (2003). "Moas". In Hutchins, Michael. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. 8 Birds I Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins (2 ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. pp. 95–98. ISBN 0-7876-5784-0. 
  • Lydekker, Richard (1891). Catalogue of the fossil birds in the British Museum (Natural History). London: British Museum. p. 224. 

External links[edit]