The Olive Tanager (Chlorothraupis carmioli), also known as Carmiol's Tanager (but see taxonomic info further down), is a species of bird traditionally placed in the family Thraupidae (Tanagers), though some recent evidence suggest it is better placed in Cardinalidae (Cardinals).
It is often split into two species:
- Carmiol's Tanager (C. carmioli, incl. subspecies magnirostris and lutescens). Found in Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and far north-western Colombia (near the Panama border). The name commemorates the Swiss scientist Julian Carmiol who worked in Costa Rica. 
- Olive Tanager (C. frenata; monotypic). Found locally in the Andes of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.
- Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael (2003). Whose Bird? Men and Women Commemorated in the Common Names of Birds. London: Christopher Helm. p. 76.
- BirdLife International 2004. Chlorothraupis carmioli. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 25 July 2007.
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