Operation Épaulard I

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Operation Épaulard 1 (Operation Orca 1) was a military operation undertaken on the behalf of the French Foreign Legion to land soldiers in Beirut, Lebanon on August 21, 1982, during the Lebanese Civil War.

They were part of the Multinational Force in Lebanon, a multinational force including Italy and the United States, which aimed to intervene in the widening conflict in Lebanon and protect French assets and civilians.[1]


  1. ^ "CHEMIN DE MEMOIRE DES PARACHUTISTES". CHEMIN DE MEMOIRE DES PARACHUTISTES. Retrieved Oct 23, 2012.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)[unreliable source?]

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