Orange River francolin

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Orange River francolin
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Perdicinae
Genus: Scleroptila
Species: S. levaillantoides
Binomial name
Scleroptila levaillantoides
(Smith, 1836)

Francolinus levaillantoides

The Orange River francolin (Scleroptila levaillantoides) is a species of bird in the Phasianidae family found in grassland and woodland in Africa.[1] In the taxa from the northern part of its distribution (Ethiopia, South Sudan, Somalia, Uganda and Kenya), the neck-line does not reach the eye and the belly is whitish.[1] In the southern taxa (Angola, Namibia, Botswana, South Africa and Lesotho) the neck-line reaches the eye and the belly is buff.[1] This has led some authorities to treat them as separate species: The Archer's or acacia francolin (S. gutturalis with subspecies lorti) in the north, and the Orange River francolin (S. levaillantoides with subspecies jugularis) in the south.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d McGowan, P. J. K. (1994). Orange River Francolin (Francolinus levaillantoides). Pp. 494-495 in: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., & Sargatal, J. eds. (1994). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 2. New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelon. ISBN 84-87334-15-6

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