Panther Anole

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panther anole
Anolis bimaculatus in St.Kitts.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Iguanidae
Subfamily: Polychrotidae
Genus: Anolis
Species: A. bimaculatus
Binomial name
Anolis bimaculatus
(Sparrman, 1784)
Synonyms
  • Lacerta bimaculata Sparrman, 1784
  • Xiphosurus bimaculata — Fitzinger, 1826
  • Ctenonotus bimaculatus — Fitzinger, 1843
  • Anolis antiquae Barbour, 1915
  • Anolis barbudensis Barbour, 1923

The panther anole (Anolis bimaculatus) is a species of anole lizard that is endemic to the Caribbean Lesser Antilles. It is found on the St. Kitts Bank of islands, which comprise Saint Kitts, Nevis, and Sint Eustatius.

Males can reach a length of 123 mm snout-to-vent, and their coloration varies somewhat based on size. The larger males have a bright green to yellow-green dorsal surface that is usually spotted or marbled with gray, brown, or black. Its ventral surface ranges from dull white to yellow to light green. Its dewlap is proportionately small for an anole, and is yellow or orange, occasionally with whitish scales. Females are smaller and duller colored, as are smaller males.

It is relatively common on Saint Kitts and Nevis, widespread up to around 300 m in elevation. It coexists throughout its range with A. schwartzi, a much smaller species that also differs in many aspects of its ecology and behavior.

A former subspecies, A. b. leachi, was elevated to species status.

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