Part-time

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A part-time job is a form of employment that carries fewer hours per week than a full-time job. Workers are considered to be part-time if they commonly work fewer than 30 or 35 hours per week.[1] According to the International Labour Organization, the number of part-time workers has increased from one-fourth to a half in the past 20 years in most developed countries, excluding the United States.[1] There are many reasons for working part-time, including the desire to do so, having one's hours cut back by an employer and being unable to find a full-time job. The International Labour Organisation Convention 175 requires that part-time workers be treated no less favourably than full-time workers.[2]

In some cases the nature of the work itself may require that the employees be classified part as part-time workers. For example, some amusement parks are closed during winter months and keep only a skeleton crew on hand for maintenance and office work. As a result of this cutback in staffing during the off season employees who operate rides, run gaming stands, or staff concession stands may be classified as part-time workers owing to the months long down time during which they may be technically employed but unable to work.

"Part-time" can also be used in reference to a student (usually in higher education) who takes only a few courses, rather than a full load of coursework each semester.

By country[edit]

Australia[edit]

Part-time employment in Australia involves a comprehensive framework. Part-time employees work fewer hours than their full-time counterparts within a specific industry. This can vary, but is generally less than 16 hours per week.

Part-time employees within Australia are legally entitled to paid annual leave, sick leave, and having maternity leave etc. except it is covered on a 'pro-rata' (percentage) basis depending on the hours worked each week.

Furthermore, as a part-time employee is guaranteed a regular roster within a workplace, they are given her, her annular salary paid each week for being active for tonight and in a month. Employers within Australia are obliged to provide minimum notice requirements for termination, redundancy and change of rostered hours in relation to part-time workers [2].

As of January 2010, the number of part-time workers within Australia is approximately 3.3 million out of the 10.9 million individuals within the Australian workforce [3].

Canada[edit]

In Canada, part-time workers are those who usually work fewer than 30 hours per week at their main or only job.[3] In 2007, just over 1 in every 10 employees aged 25 to 54 worked part-time. A person who has a part-time placement is often contracted to a company or business with her feet in which they have a set of terms they agree with. 'Part-time' can also be used in reference to a student(usually in higher education) who works only few hours a day. Usually students from different nations (India, China, Mexico etc.) prefer Canada for their higher studies due to the availability of more part-time jobs.[citation needed]

United States[edit]

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, working part-time is defined as working between 1 and 34 hours per week.[4] In 2007, 18.3 million Americans worked part-time. [5]

Typically, part-time employees in the United States are not entitled to employee benefits, such as health insurance.

Asia[edit]

Arubaito (JPN:アルバイト?) or Areubaiteu (KOR: 아르바이트) are common terms used in Japan and Korea to refer to part-time jobs. These words are transliterations of the German noun "Arbeit" (work).

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Part-Time Work Information Sheet, International Labour Organization, via [1]
  2. ^ ILO Part Time Work Convention No 175
  3. ^ The Canadian Labour Market at a Glance, Glossary, November 25, 2008
  4. ^ Labor force characteristics, Full- or part-time status, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Division of Labor Force Statistics.
  5. ^ Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey. Persons at work in non-agricultural industries by age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, marital status, and usual full- or part-time status, BLS.gov

External links[edit]

Worldwide
Europe
Canada
United States