Piazza della Libertà
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Piazza della Libertà is the northernmost point of the historic centre of Florence. It was created in the 19th century during works to produce the Viali di Circonvallazione around the city. It host the triumphal arch of Florence and the Parterre where in winter is set an ice rink for skating.
History and architecture
A clearing around Porta San Gallo has existed since the fourteenth century and its name has historically been Porta San Gallo Square. In 1738 the square's triumphal arch was erected to celebrate the arrival of Lorena dynasty in Florence.
In 1865, the square was upset to crush the walls of the city, and was rebuilt with a completely new drawing by the architect Giuseppe Poggi, that since 1865 and 1875 made the odiern elliptical square, surrounded by harmonious palaces, with classical series of porches. In the middle of the square was settled a garden with fountain and a pool among Porta San Gallo and triumphal arch. Were planted many high trees that also today protect the square from the traffic of the viali di Circonvallazione that surrounds the square.
The square was named Camillo Cavour square, changed in 1930 to Costanzo Ciano square, in 1944 to Muti square, and in the 1945 permanently to Piazza della Libertà or Liberty square.
On the north of the square is present the Parterre of Florence. Here there was a frech-garden wanted in the 18th century by Granduca Pietro Leopoldo, when Giuseppe Poggi created this square (when Florence was Capital of Kingdom of Italy) didn't modify it, but in 1922 the architect Enrico Fantappié built here the Palace of Exhibition.