In 852, on the death of his brother Fredelo, he, already count of Limoges, Quercy, and Rouergue, received Toulouse and Albi. In 862, he was attacked by Humfrid, Count of Barcelona, and forced to abdicate Limoges. In 863, he was likewise forced to abdicate Rouergue and Toulouse. He died in 865 while fighting for his possessions against the new count Sunifred I.
Raymond married Bertha and had five children:
Bernard II, count at one time or another of Toulouse, Rouergue, Quercy, Albi, and Nîmes