Rhea-McEntire House in 1934
|Location||1105 Sycamore St., Decatur, Alabama|
|Architectural style||Antebellum Greek Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||84000715|
|Added to NRHP||August 30, 1984|
In 1862, before being occupied by Federal forces, the plans for the Battle of Shiloh were laid out within this building. Because of this, the house was spared when the city was burned, leaving only 2 other buildings standing in the city.
The official records, most of which are now housed at Tulane University, indicate that General Johnston's headquarters during the time he reorganized his Confederate forces in Decatur in March 1862 were at the McCarty (sic) Hotel. They also indicate that planning for attacking Grant's forces at Pittsburg Landing (the Battle of Shiloh) was done by Johnston's subordinate, General Beauregard, in Corinth, Mississippi.
The list of major buildings in Decatur, Alabama that survived the Civil War were the Dancy-Polk House, the Old State Bank, The McCartney Hotel (demolished in the 1920s), and the Burleson House that later became known as the McEntire House. The most likely reason they were spared is that they were all inside the perimeter of the breastworks built by the Union in 1864. Everything outside the breastworks for an 800-yard (730 m) radius was leveled to provide a clear field of fire for the artillery defending the Union position on the banks of the Tennessee River. The Burlesons owned the house during the Civil War. Dr. Aaron Adair Burleson served as the president of the Tennessee and Central Alabama Railroad that later became part of the Nashville and Decatur Railroad. During the Civil War Dr. Burleson was a physician in the Confederate Army. The home was sold to Jerome Hinds, a former Union soldier from Illinois, in 1869. After the Hinds, the home was used as a boarding house and hotel before standing empty for a period. It was purchased on April 5, 1895 by R. P. McEntire.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- Thomas, Ronnie (June 9, 2009). "Somerville Courthouse Restored". Decatur Daily. Retrieved March 11, 2014.
- "Rhea-Burleson-McEntire House (photographs)". Historic American Buildings Survey. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. Retrieved March 11, 2014.
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. AL-364, "Rhea-Burleson-McEntire House, 120 Sycamore Street, Decatur, Morgan County, AL", 12 photos, supplemental material