Root cap

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Root cap
Root-tip-tag.png
Root tip magnified 100×. 1. Meristem 2. Columelle (statocytes with statolithes) 3. Lateral part of the tip 4. Dead cells 5. Elongation zone
Scientific classification

The root cap is a section of tissue at the tip of a plant root.[1] It is also called calyptra. Root caps contain statocytes which are involved in gravity perception in plants.[1] If the cap is carefully removed the root will grow randomly. The root cap protects the growing tip in plants.[1] It secretes mucilage to ease the movement of the root through soil,[1] and may also be involved in communication with the soil microbiota.[1]

The root cap is absent in some parasitic plants[2]:138 and some aquatic plants, in which a sac-like structure called the root pocket may form instead.[3]:2-76

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Raven, J.A.; Edwards, D. (2001). "Roots: evolutionary origins and biogeochemical significance". Journal of Experimental Botany 52 (90001): 381–401. doi:10.1093/jexbot/52.suppl_1.381. PMID 11326045. 
  2. ^ Jeffrey, Edward Charles (2007). The Anatomy of Woody Plants. Pomeroy, Ohio: Carpenter Press. ISBN 1-4067-1634-0. 
  3. ^ Genetics: Classical to Modern By Prof. P.K. Gupta