São Roque (Funchal)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 32°40′24″N 16°55′30″W / 32.67333°N 16.92500°W / 32.67333; -16.92500
São Roque
Civil Parish
Official name: Freguesia de São Roque
Name origin: Portugues for Saint Roch
Country  Portugal
Region  Madeira
Island Madeira
Municipality Funchal
Center São Roque
 - elevation 378 m (1,240 ft)
 - coordinates 32°40′24″N 16°55′30″W / 32.67333°N 16.92500°W / 32.67333; -16.92500
Highest point
 - elevation 1,600 m (5,249 ft)
Lowest point
 - elevation 140 m (459 ft)
Area 7.50 km2 (3 sq mi)
Population 9,385 (2011)
Density 1,251 / km2 (3,240 / sq mi)
Settlement fl. 1579
 - Parish 3 March 1579
LAU Junta Freguesia
 - location Estrada de Comandante Camacho de Freitas
President Junta Rui Emanuel de Freitas Nunes (PPD-PSD)
President Assembleia Susana Maria Florença Pinto Correia (PPD-PSD)
Timezone WET (UTC0)
 - summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
Postal Zone 9020-155
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 291 XXX XXX
Patron Saint São Roque
Location of the parish seat of São Roque in the municipality of Funchal, island of Madeira
Wikimedia Commons: São Roque (Funchal)

São Roque is a civil parish in the northern part of the municipality of Funchal in the archipelago of Madeira. The population in 2011 was 9,385,[1] in an area of 7.50 km².[2]

History[edit]

The lands associated with São Roque were once part of a much larger parish of , but later, for a short period it was part of São Pedro. The eccliastical parish of São Roque was dismembered from São Pedro and neighboring São Martinho by Cardinal Infante Henrique on 3 March 1579. The Cardinal authorized the prelate of Funchal to create a new parish within the dominion of Sé. This was instituted with its parish seat at the ancient chapel of São Roque, constructed by the residents at the beginning of the 16th century, probably from local funds collected by Funchal's citizens (Saint Roch was the patron saint of Funchal protecting them from the plague, during the early part of the 16th century).

The small chapel provided its name to a church later erected in 1704, not far from the original building (which remains standing, and is referred to locally as the Igreja Velha, or small church, in Portuguese). But, during the construction there were budgetary deficits, resulting in a slow building process, that eventually resulted in the building's ruin by 1790. A newer church, chiefed by engineer António Vila Vicêncio, was later erected; its main construction continued until 1820, but was finally completed in the middle of the 19th century.

Geography[edit]

São Roque is connected by regional roadway with Monte, Funchal and Faial, and towards São Martinho and northwest to Curral das Freiras. São Roque is not connected with the urban sprawl of Funchal, but developed from the concentration of agricultural use lands, developing into a suburban nucleus later. This includes several of its localities, which were formed from rural concentrations, and developed into residential booroughs by the 20th century: Achada, Muro da Coelha, Conceição, Fundoa, Igreja Velha, Calhau, Igreja Nova, Alegria, Bugiaria, Lombo Segundo, Lombo de São João and Santana.

Economy[edit]

Until the mid-20th century, the region was primarily agricultural, but the southern limits of the parish have now been developed extensively towards the foothills of the central mountain range.

References[edit]