Servilius Nonianus

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Marcus Servilius Nonianus (died 59 AD) was a Roman historian.

There are scarce information about his life. His father was Marcus Servilius, consul in AD 3. Servilius Nonianus himself was consul in AD 35.[1] Tacitus describes Servilius Nonianus as a man of great eloquence and as a good-natured man.[2]

According to the historian Pliny the Elder, Servilius Nonianus was terribly worried about losing his sight. To prevent this from happening he wore a lucky charm around his neck consisting of the two Greek letters alpha and rho. Pliny reports that the charm worked. [3]

He married one Considia, who give him a daughter Servilia Considia, married to the senator Quintus Marcius Barea Soranus.

Servilius Nonianus wrote a book on the history of Rome, but this work has not been preserved: even its title is unknown. According to Tacitus and Quintilian, this work at their time was considered a very important Rome history reference book, especially for those historians who belonged to the Senatorial Party.

Quintilian writes also that Servilius Nonianus used to publicly read his own work (recitationes).[4] In scholars' opinion, the history book by Servilius Nonianus was one of the history sources used by Tacitus for the narration of the first Imperial period, then mixed with information coming from other authors, like the historian Aufidius Bassus.[5] The exact period covered by the historical narration by Servilius Nonianus is unknown. It is very probable that Nonianus treated also the years of princedom of the emperor Tiberius.[6]

Pliny the Younger writes also that, during one of his public recitationes, the audience was so excited when listening to him and the applause was so loud and great that the emperor Claudius himself decided to attend one of the recitationes of Servilius Nonianus.[7]

Sources[edit]

  • Olivier Devillers: Tacite et les sources des Annales. Leuven 2003.
  • Michael M. Sage: "Tacitus’ Historical Works: A Survey and Appraisal," Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt. Vol. II.33.2. Berlin-New York 1990, pp. 851–1030.
  • Ronald Syme, Tacitus. 2 volumes. Oxford 1958.
  • Ronald Syme, "The Historian Servilius Nonianus," Hermes, 92 (1964), pp. 408ff.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tacitus, Annales, 6,31.
  2. ^ Tacitus, Annales, 14,19.
  3. ^ http://people.ucls.uchicago.edu/~fspaltr/Roman%20Religious%20Practices.pdf
  4. ^ Institutio oratoria 10,1,102.
  5. ^ Devillers, Tacite, pp. 15ff.; Syme, Tacitus, Vol. 1, pp. 274ff.
  6. ^ See Sage, Historical Works, p. 1006.
  7. ^ Pliny the Younger, Epistulae, I,13,3.
Political offices
Preceded by
Paullus Fabius Persicus
Lucius Vitellius
Consul of the Roman Empire
129
with Gaius Cestius Gallus
Succeeded by
Sextus Papinius Allenius
Quintus Plautius