Shefqet Vërlaci

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Shefqet Verlaci)
Jump to: navigation, search
Shefqet Bej Vërlaci
Shefqet Verlaci.jpg
12th Prime Minister of Albania
In office
12 April 1939 – 4 December 1941
Preceded by Kostaq Kota
Succeeded by Mustafa Merlika-Kruja
Personal details
Born (1877-12-15)15 December 1877
Elbasan, Albania (then Manastir Vilayet, Ottoman Empire)
Died 21 July 1946(1946-07-21) (aged 68)
Zurich, Switzerland
Political party Progressive Party of Albania
Albanian Fascist Party
Profession Prime Minister
Religion Sunni Muslim

Shefqet Bej Vërlaci (15 December 1877, Elbasan, Manastir Vilayet, Ottoman Empire – 21 July 1946, Zürich, Switzerland) was Prime Minister of Albania in 1924 and during the Italian occupation from 1939 to 1941.

Biography[edit]

Verlaci's name also is found under the forms Vërlaci, Verlaçi, Verlaxhi, and Velaxhi. His first name also is written in various forms, including Shevket, as on his gravestone.

In 1922, Verlaci was the biggest landowner of Albania. He was the leader of the Progressive Party, the biggest conservative party in Albania, which firmly opposed any agrarian reform reducing the landowners' property. The Progressive Party included some North Albanian clan chiefs and prominent Muslim landowners as its members.

In late 1922, Ahmed Zogu became engaged to Verlaci's daughter, winning Verlaci's support and the position of Prime Minister.

In early 1924, Zogu was forced to cede his position of Prime Minister to Verlaci,[1] because of a financial scandal and an attempt of assassination in which Zogu was injured. The date of Verlaci taking the position of prime minister is 5 March 1924 (some sources cite other dates in February or March). Verlaci held this position until 2 June (or 10 June), and then fled to Italy. During Fan Noli's regime that followed, a special tribunal created by the government condemned Verlaci to death in absentia along with the confiscation of all his property.

When Zogu was crowned in 1928, he immediately broke his engagement with Verlaci's daughter. Verlaci thus became King Zog's mortal enemy.

On 12 April 1939, after the Italian invasion of Albania, Verlaci became the prime minister of the government of Albania formed under the Italian occupation. From 12 April through 16 April (until Italy's King Victor Emmanuel III accepted the Albanian crown), Verlaci was the acting head of state.Verlaci was also named by king Victor Emmanuel III senator of the kingdon of Italy.

Verlaci supported Albania's claim to ethnic Albanian-inhabited areas in Yugoslavia and Greece.

On 28 November 1939 there was an anti-Italian, anti-Fascist and anti-government street demonstration in Tirana, supported by a strike of industrial and transport workers.

Verlaci remained at the head of the government until 4 December (other sources cite 10 November or 3 December), 1941.

He died in 1946 in Zürich, Switzerland, and is buried in the Protestant Cemetery in Rome.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jacques, Edwin (1994). The Albanians: an ethnic history from prehistoric times to the present. McFarland & Company. p. 379. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Ahmet Zogu
Prime Minister of Albania
5 March 1924 – 2 June 1924
Succeeded by
Iliaz Vrioni
Preceded by
Koço Kota
Prime Minister of Albania
12 April 1939 – 4 December 1941
Succeeded by
Mustafa Merlika-Kruja

See also[edit]