Sir William Fitzherbert, 1st Baronet

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Sir William Fitzherbert Bt
SirWilliamFitzherbert1748.jpg
Born 1748 (1748)
Derbyshire
Died 1791 (1792)
Education St Johns College Cambridge
Occupation lawyer

Sir William FitzHerbert, 1st Baronet (1748–1791) was the first baronet Fitzherbert of Tissington. He was a lawyer and recorder for Derby. He was an usher to George III.[1] He owned a number of plantations for sugar and coffee in Jamaica and Barbados.[2]

Biography[edit]

Fitzherbert was born 27 May 1748 to William and Mary Fitzherbert of Tissington Hall.[2] He attended Westminster School and St John's College, Cambridge, graduating M.A. in 1770.[3] He toured Europe with his neighbour William Cavendish, later fifth Duke of Devonshire, when they were both about twenty. After leaving Paris they visited the major cities of Italy, including Rome and Florence, where Fitzherbert commissioned portraits of himself and his companion from Thomas Patch and Pompeo Batoni respectively.[1]

Fitzherbert with the 5th Duke of Devonshire ca. 1780, by Thomas Patch

He served as Gentleman Usher to King George III[4] and was rewarded with portraits of the king and queen.[1] On 14 October 1777 he married Sarah Perrin in London and through her inherited five plantations in Jamaica. These were four sugar plantations of Blue Mountain, Forest, Grange Hill and Vere and the coffee plantation of Retrieve Mountain.[5] Fitzherbert became a baronet on 22 Jan 1784 and retired to the family seat of Tissington Hall. On his death in 1791 he was buried at Tissington and was succeeded by Anthony Perrin Fitzherbert his son with Sarah, his wife.[6] His younger brother Alleyne FitzHerbert was a diplomat who became a baron in 1791.

Anthony Fitzherbert, the second Baronet, died suddenly on 2 April 1798 of a "sudden consumption" at the age of nineteen. He was succeeded by Henry, his brother, the third son of the first Baronet.[2]

Major works[edit]

  • Maxims and Reflections (1784)
  • Short Enquiry into showing the origin and ancient privileges of Knights Banneret (1779)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Catalogue of Fitzherbert possessions, Christies, accessed June 2009
  2. ^ a b c Peerage of England, Arthur Collins, accessed June 2009
  3. ^ "Fitzherbert, William (FTST765W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  4. ^ Guard Chamber: Grooms of the Great Chamber 1660-1837, in Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (revised): Court Officers, 1660-1837 (2006), pp. 78-89. Date accessed: 28 June 2009.
  5. ^ Tissington Hall - Bittersweet, Historic houses association, accessed June 2009
  6. ^ Fitzherbert of Tissington, LeighRayment, accessed June 2009