Pelican barracuda

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Pelican barracuda (Sphyraena idiastes)
Sphyraena idiastes.jpg
Pelican barracuda (Sphyraena idiastes) in the Galapagos Islands
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Sphyraenidae
Genus: Sphyraena
Species: S. idiastes
Binomial name
Sphyraena idiastes
(Heller & Snodgrass, 1903)

Pelican barracudas (Sphyraena idiastes) are found in temperate coastal and oceanic waters. They are usually seen in groups of 3-20, from the surface to about 24 m. Pelican barracuda feed mainly on fish . Large individuals may slash prey into pieces before swallowing them.[1]

Description[edit]

From: [2] The body is very elongate, relatively slender, cylindrical at the front. The head is long with a long pointed snout, a large protractile mouth with a distinctly protruding lower jaw. The mouth ends ~ one eye diameter before the eye; jaws and roof of mouth with many long sharp-edged teeth of unequal sizes. They have two widely separated dorsal fins (V + I, 8-10); small pectoral fins, 13 rays; pelvic fins I, 5, small, origin behind pectoral fins, under first dorsal fin; anal fins small, II, 8-10, similar to and under 2nd dorsal; a forked tail, without central lobes; a well-developed, straight lateral line; small smooth scales, 130-150 on lateral line. They are up to ~90 cm in length.

Pelican barracuda are grey above, white below. They often have oblique dark bars on their upper back. The fins are grey with dark edges. Small fish often have a yellow stripe through eye and part way along mid-flank, and dark spots on back and sides.

Distribution[edit]

From the tip of Baja California and near Guaymas, in the eastern Gulf of California south to Colombia to Chile, as well as the Galapagos Islands, Cocos Island, and Malpelo Island.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Sphyraena idiastes" in FishBase. July 2013 version.
  2. ^ a b Encyclopedia of Life. "Details for: Pelican barracuda" (HTML). Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 2013-07-15. 

External links[edit]