St Nicholas, Bristol

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St Nicholas
St Nicholas Bristol.jpg
St Nicholas, Bristol is located in Bristol
St Nicholas, Bristol
Location within Bristol
General information
Architectural style Gothic revival
Town or city Bristol
Country England
Coordinates 51°27′13″N 2°35′34″W / 51.4536°N 2.5929°W / 51.4536; -2.5929
Completed 1769
Design and construction
Architect James Bridges and Thomas Paty

St Nicholas is a church in St Nicholas Street, Bristol, England.

The first church was founded before 1154, with a chancel extending over the south gate of the city. The gate and old church were demolished to make way for the rebuilding of Bristol Bridge and the church was rebuilt in 1762-9 by James Bridges and Thomas Paty, who rebuilt the spire. Part of the old church and town wall survives in the 14th century crypt.[1]

The interior was destroyed by bombing in the Bristol Blitz of 1940 and rebuilt in 1974-5 as a church museum. This closed in 2007 and the building is now used by the city council as offices. The building still holds statues of King Edward I and King Edward III which were removed from Arno's Court Triumphal Arch. The original statues were taken from Bristol's Lawfords' Gate that was demolished around 1760. Other statues are 13th century figures from Bristol's Newgate representing Robert, the builder of Bristol Castle, and Geoffrey de Montbray, bishop of Coutances, builder of the fortified walls of Bristol. They were moved to the church, due to their deteriorating condition, in 1898.[2]

It also holds the Hogarth altarpiece which was originally painted for St Mary Redcliffe Church, Bristol, and removed from there by the Victorians.[3]

It has been designated by English Heritage as a grade II* listed building.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brace, Keith (1996). Portrait of Bristol. London: Robert Hale. ISBN 0-7091-5435-6. 
  2. ^ "Four figures on Arno's Gateway". Public Monument and Sculpture Association National Recording Project. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  3. ^ "Bristol City Council art collections page". Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  4. ^ "City Museum, former Church of St Nicholas". Images of England. Retrieved 2007-03-16.