The Charlatan

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The Charlatan is the independent weekly student newspaper at Carleton University in Ottawa, Ontario.[1]

It is published by a not-for-profit corporation, Charlatan Publications Inc., and is independent of student associations and university administration. Papers are free, and are available in news-stands both on and off campus. It is published weekly during the fall and winter semesters, and monthly during the summer. Its circulation as of 2015 was 8,500 copies with an average readership of 15,000.[2] All Carleton students are eligible to contribute.[3] The current editor-in-chief is Rachel Collier.

History[edit]

The Carleton: 1945-1971[edit]

Originally called the Carleton, the paper's first issue appeared on November 28, 1945, the same year Carleton College's School of Journalism was formed. Only four issues appeared in the first year, but by 1948 it was a regular weekly newspaper.[4]

News coverage in the beginning focused on veterans’ affairs and experiences during the Second World War, as Carleton's student body was primarily made up of returning veterans. During the 1960s, the newspaper became more anti-establishment and frequently published stories critical of the university.[5]

The paper's first office was in the Student Union Building on First Avenue in the Glebe neighbourhood in Ottawa, but when Carleton relocated to its current Rideau River campus in 1952, the Carleton moved to a basement-level office below Patterson Hall. When Carleton's student centre, or University Centre, was built in 1970, the Carleton moved to the fifth floor of that building, where it remains today.

Citing a desire to have a more fun, pranksterish image in keeping with the political spirit of the times, editor-in-chief Phil Kinsman encouraged changing the name to the Charlatan. This became the paper's official name after a staff referendum in March 1971.[6] During this time the paper coverage became more humorous. Editors frequently published joke articles or made up stories entirely. In 1973, the editorial staff invented a joke candidate for a student government election. In 1974, the Charlatan’s photo editor Paul Couvrette secretly inserted a fake obituary of himself into the paper on production night.[7]

The Charlatan: 1971-present[edit]

Since its founding, the paper had been owned, operated, and funded by Carleton's undergraduate student government. Editors and the Carleton University Students' Association (CUSA) had several disputes over funding and editorial policy throughout the early 1970s, and to mediate these conflicts the two sides created a Joint Publishing Board in 1975. The joint board consisted of two representatives each from CUSA and the Charlatan, who appointed an independent fifth person, usually the university ombudsman, as chairman.[8]

After further editorial clashes with CUSA in the 1980s, the Charlatan began to lobby for its autonomy from CUSA, with humorous "Charlatan on strike" posters and "Charlatan Liberation Front" buttons. This was achieved by a vote of 1,013-457 in a campus-wide referendum in March 1988, followed by the incorporation of Charlatan Publications Inc.

The paper celebrated its 70th anniversary in September 2014.[9]

Operations, Style and Sections[edit]

The Charlatan reports on campus news as well as national and international stories affecting students. It also covers campus sports and arts. Any Carleton student can volunteer, or seek election for one of 11 part-time editorial positions or the full-time position of editor-in-chief. Editors are elected by staff every spring and hold their positions for one academic year.

The newspaper has six sections published in the physical paper: News, National, Features, Opinions-Editorials, Arts, and Sports, in addition to Photo, Multimedia, Graphics, and Web content. The newspaper's website, charlatan.ca launched in 2009. The Charlatan's weekly talk-radio show, CharlatanLive launched in 2010 on Carleton's campus-based community radio station, CKCU-FM.

The paper is funded by advertising and by an annual, non-refundable levy of $5.67 per undergraduate. These funds are administered by an elected board of directors, composed of:

  • Five students-at-large, who do not contribute to the paper and are elected at the corporation's AGM;
  • Two representatives elected by contributing staff;
  • Two professional representatives, at least one of whom must be a practicing journalist not on Carleton's faculty, and the other of whom may be a faculty member;
  • The editor-in-chief, whose membership on the board is ex officio only.

The powers of the board and the editorial staff are defined in a written constitution. Generally, the board is not allowed to intervene in editorial policy unless there are legal issues involved.[10]

Staff[edit]

  • Editor-in-Chief: Rachel Collier[11]
  • Production Assistant: Jon Willemsen
  • News Editors: Chris O'Gorman and Nadine Yousif
  • National Editor: Rosa Saba
  • Features Editor: Kristine Lee
  • Opinions Editor: Alex Brockman
  • Arts Editor: Joe Ryan
  • Sports Editor: Andrew Price
  • Multimedia Editor: Jessie Park
  • Web Editor: Cassie Hendry
  • Copy Editor: Samantha McKay
  • Photo Editor: Kyle Fazackerley
  • Photo Assistant: Julien Gignac
  • Radio Hosts: Clare Bonneyman and Noah Lefevre
  • Staff Representatives: Sammy Hudes and Fraser Tripp

Alumni[edit]

Some of the Charlatan's alumni have become renowned journalists, authors, designers, and photographers. Three of the former directors of Carleton's School of Journalism — T. Joseph Scanlon, Stuart Adam and Peter Johansen — are Charlatan alumni, as are several other members of the school's current faculty.

Notable alumni include:

Competition[edit]

The Charlatan competed (usually in a friendly manner, though not exclusively) with The Resin, a student-run newspaper for residence students funded by the Rideau River Residence Association. The paper ceased operation in 2014.[13] Carleton's engineering society also has its own newspaper, the Iron Times, which runs a satirical column every issue called "Uses for The Charlatan."

Over the years, Carleton has supported several other campus newspapers, including the CUSA Update, published by CUSA for a short time after the Charlatan's incorporation in 1988. None of these competitors have survived to the present day.

Launching its first issue on February 9, 2009, The Leveller describes itself as "a publication covering news, current events, and culture at Carleton University, in the City of Ottawa and, to a lesser extent, the wider world".[14] The Leveller had published four issues between February and April 2009, and five more between November 2009 and March 2010. In March 2010, The Leveller won a Graduate Student Association referendum for a $1.50 levy per graduate student.

Criticism[edit]

Over the years, some students, particularly those affiliated with or supportive of CUSA, have been very critical of the Charlatan. One CUSA president organized a public debate on this subject in 1983. "The Charlatan" was accused of covering trivial topics and of publishing error-prone articles concerning student-run bodies that sometimes required retractions or issue corrections.

Students not supportive of CUSA have been critical as well, citing that the Charlatan has changed articles or played up or down quotes and events in order give a more positive image to the student council.

In rare instances, critics have resorted to newspaper vandalism and theft, the most recent major instance of which was in March 2000, when 6,000 copies of a single issue were taken.

In early 2006, two referendum questions asking for an increase in the Charlatan's per-student levy were defeated, by votes of 2276-1350 and 1926-1600 respectively. Critics of the Charlatan have pointed to these results as evidence of general dissatisfaction or apathy with the paper. Other increases in student levies also have a history of being defeated.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • The Charlatan, ISSN 0315-1859.
  • Evan Annett, You Charlatans (Charlatan Publications Inc., 2005)
  • Blair Neatby and Don McEown, Creating Carleton: The Shaping of a University (McGill-Queen's University Press, 2002)
  • John Lorinc, "Two-thirds approve of free Charlatan," The Charlatan, March 24, 1988, p. 3.

External links[edit]