The Devil's Disciple
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|The Devil's Disciple|
Poster from the Federal Theatre Project, Work Projects Administration production, November 1937
|Written by||George Bernard Shaw|
|Setting||Websterbridge, New Hampshire, 1777|
The Devil's Disciple is an 1897 play written by Irish dramatist, George Bernard Shaw. The play is Shaw's eighth, and after Richard Mansfield's original 1897 American production it was his first financial success, which helped to affirm his career as a playwright. It was published in Shaw's 1901 collection Three Plays for Puritans together with Captain Brassbound's Conversion and Caesar and Cleopatra. Set in Colonial America during the Revolutionary era, the play tells the story of Richard Dudgeon, a local outcast and self-proclaimed "Devil's disciple". In a twist characteristic of Shaw's love of paradox, Dudgeon sacrifices himself in a Christ-like gesture despite his professed Infernal allegiance.
The setting is in the Fall of 1777, during the Saratoga Campaign.
Richard "Dick" Dudgeon is an outcast from his family in colonial Websterbridge, New Hampshire. He returns their hatred with scorn. After the death of his father, Dick returns to his childhood home to hear the reading of his father's will, much to his family's dismay. Anthony Anderson, the local minister, treats him with courtesy despite Dick's self-proclaimed apostasy, but Dick's "wickedness" appalls Anderson's wife Judith. To everyone's surprise, it is revealed that Dick's father secretly changed his will just before he died, leaving the bulk of his estate to Dick. Dick promptly evicts his mother from her home, but also invites his cousin Essie (the illegitimate daughter of Dick's never-do-well uncle Peter), orphaned by the hanging of her father as a rebel by the British, to stay as long as she wants. At the end of the Act, Dick proclaims himself also a rebel against the British and scorns his family as cowards when they flee his home. He warns Anderson that the approaching army hanged his uncle in error, believing him to be a man of highest respect, unaware of his ill repute, and that Anderson will be the example set in Websterbridge.
While visiting Anderson's home at the Reverend's invitation, Dick is left alone with Judith while Anderson is called out to Mrs. Dudgeon's deathbed. Perceiving Judith's distaste for him, Dick attempts to leave, but Judith insists he stay until Anderson returns. While they are waiting, British soldiers enter Anderson's home and arrest Dick, mistaking him for Anderson. Dick allows them to take him away without revealing his actual identity. He swears Judith to secrecy lest her husband give the secret away and expose himself to arrest. Anderson returns and finds his wife in a state of great agitation. He demands to know if Dick has harmed her. Breaking her promise to Dick, Judith reveals that soldiers came to arrest Anderson but Dick went in his place. Anderson is stunned. He grabs all his money and a gun and quickly rides away, ignoring Judith's appeals. Judith believes her husband to be a coward, while Dick, whom she despised, is a hero.
Judith visits Dick and asks him if he has acted from love for her. He scornfully rejects the romantic notion, telling her that he has acted according to "the law of my own nature", which forbade him to save himself by condemning another. During the military trial, Dick is convicted and sentenced to be hanged. This scene introduces General Burgoyne, a Shavian realist, who contributes a number of sharp remarks about the conduct of the American Revolution. Judith interrupts the proceedings to reveal Dick's true identity – but to no avail: he will be hanged in any case. News reaches Burgoyne that American rebels have taken a nearby town, so he and his troops are in danger, especially since orders from London that would have sent reinforcements were never dispatched. The rebels will send an "officer of importance" to negotiate with the British. The final scene of the play is the public square where Dick will be hanged. Like Sydney Carton in Dickens's A Tale of Two Cities, Dick defies his executioners and prepares to meet his death. At the last minute, Burgoyne stops the hanging because the rebel officer has arrived. It is Anthony Anderson, who has become a man of action in his "hour of trial", just as Dick became a man of conscience in his. Anderson bargains for Dick's life, and Burgoyne agrees to free him. Anderson tells Dick that he (Anderson) is not suited to be a minister and says Dick should replace him. As the Americans rejoice, the British march to quarters, knowing that they face certain defeat.
The Devil’s Disciple, Original New York Cast
Fifth Avenue Theatre October 4, 1897
Anthony Anderson .. Benjamin Johnson
Judith Anderson .. Beatrice Cameron
Anne Dudgeon .. Minna Monk
Richard "Dick" Dudgeon .. Richard Mansfield
Christopher Dudgeon .. A. G. Andrews
Uncle William Dudgeon .. W. H. Griffith
Uncle Titus Dudgeon .. Le Fevre
Essie .. Lottie Briscoe
Lawyer Hawkins .. Hunter
General Burgoyne .. Arthur Forrest
Major Swindon .. Joseph Wearer
Rev. Mr. Brudenell .. William Courtenay
A Sergeant .. Francis Kingdon
A film adaptation was in 1959 starring Burt Lancaster as Reverend Anthony Anderson, Kirk Douglas as Dick Dudgeon and Laurence Olivier as General Burgoyne. In February 2009 BBC Radio 7 rebroadcast a 1976 adaptation starring Tony Church, James Laurenson and Lucy Fleming.
- Wilstach, Paul - Richard Mansfield: The Man and the Actor, 1908, p. 284 Retrieved 7.14.13
- "The Devil's Disciple". RadioListings. 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
- Colin Wilson (13 November 1988). "How 'The Devil' Hauled Shaw Up From Hell". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
- Online Text
- Shaw, Bernard (1901). The Devil's Disciple (First ed.). London: G. Richards. OCLC 4987001.
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- The Devil's Disciple at the Internet Broadway Database
- The Devil's Disciple at the Internet off-Broadway Database
- The Devil's Disciple at the Internet Movie Database