Temptation of Saint Anthony in visual arts
The temptation (or temptations) of St. Anthony is an often-repeated subject in history of art and literature, concerning the supernatural temptation reportedly faced by Saint Anthony the Great during his sojourn in the Egyptian desert. Anthony's temptation is first discussed by Athanasius of Alexandria, Anthony's contemporary, and from then became a popular theme in Western culture.
The earliest paintings to employ the scene were Italian frescoes of the 10th century. The later European Middle Ages one saw accumulation of the theme in book illumination and later in German woodcuts. About 1500 originated the famous paintings of Martin Schöngauer (ca. 1490), Hieronymus Bosch (ca. 1505) and Mathias Grünewald (1512-1516). In the modern era the theme has been treated by the Spanish painter Salvador Dalí and the French author Gustave Flaubert, who considered his 1874 book The Temptation of Saint Anthony to be his master work.
- The Temptation of St Anthony (Bosch painting)
- Triptych of the Temptation of St. Anthony
- Isenheim Altarpiece — Paul Hindemith composed his work Mathis der Maler based on this triptych, of which the movement die Versuchung der Heiligen Antonius (“The Temptation of St. Anthony”) starkly depicts this using very modern musical gestures.
- The Torment of Saint Anthony (Michelangelo)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Temptation of Saint Anthony.|