To Err is Human
To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System is a report issued in November 1999 by the U.S. Institute of Medicine that may have resulted in increased awareness of U.S. medical errors. The push for patient safety that followed its release continues. The report was based upon analysis of multiple studies by a variety of organizations and concluded that between 44,000 to 98,000 people die each year as a result of preventable medical errors. For comparison, fewer than 50,000 people died of Alzheimer's disease and 17,000 died of illicit drug use in the same year.
The report called for a comprehensive effort by health care providers, government, consumers, and others. Claiming knowledge of how to prevent these errors already existed, it set a minimum goal of 50 percent reduction in errors over the next five years. Though not currently quantified, as of 2007[update] this ambitious goal has yet to be met.
The report was followed in 2001 by another widely cited Institute of Medicine report, "Crossing the Quality Chasm," which furthers many points from the original study. Both are widely referenced. "To Err is Human" was the inspiration for the Institute for Healthcare Improvement's 100,000 Lives Campaign, which in 2006 claimed to have prevented an estimated 124,000 deaths in a period of 18 months through patient-safety initiatives in over 3,000 hospitals.
- Medical ethics
- The Deadly Dinner Party
- How Doctors Think
- Fatal Care: Survive in the U.S. Health System
- Mokdad, Ali; James Marks, Donna Stroup, Julie Gerberding (2000). "Actual Causes of Death in the United States, 2000". JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) 291 (10): 1238–45. doi:10.1001/jama.291.10.1238. PMID 15010446. Retrieved 2007-04-10.
- On-line access to Institute of Medicine publication "To Err is Human, Building a Safety Health System" (2000).
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