Tokyo Tokyo city district

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Tokyo Tokyo city district (東京府東京市区, Tōkyō-fu-Tōkyō-shi-ku) was a constituency of the House of Representatives in the Imperial Diet of Japan (national legislature). Between 1902 and 1917 it elected eleven representatives by single non-transferable vote (SNTV). It was located in Tokyo and consisted of Tokyo City. Tokyo city often elected (anti-mainstream) Kenseitō, Kokumintō, Dōshikai and independent politicians while few Seiyūkai politicians (compared to the party's nationwide position) managed to be elected among the top five. Exceptions were Hatoyama Kazuo and his son Ichirō who in 1917 managed to achieve top tōsen, i.e. be elected with the highest vote. Other prominent representatives from the city of Tokyo include economist Taguchi Ukichi, Bukichi Miki, Kenseikai secretary-general in the 1920s and co-founder of Hatoyama's postwar Japan Democratic Party in 1954, and Tanomogi Keikichi, Minister of Communication in the 1930s and mayor of Tokyo.

In 1900 a change of the electoral law brought the transition to SNTV multi-member districts, the introduction of secret balloting and a reduction of the census requirement for suffrage. With the return to single-member districts in the election of 1920, Tokyo's wards were split up into 11 electoral districts.

Elected representatives[edit]

election
year
highest vote
(top tōsen)
2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th
1902[1] Ōhashi Shintarō
(Jin’inkai)
Hatoyama Kazuo
(Kensei Hontō)
Hitosugi Hide
(Jin’inkai)
Tsunoda Shimpei
(Kensei Hontō)
Akiyama Teisuke Ōishi Kumakichi
(Kensei Hontō)
Isobe Shirō
(Rikken Seiyūkai)
Kurizuka Seigo
(Rikken Seiyūkai)
Nakahachi Yoshiaki (?)[2]
(Rikken Seiyūkai)
Asakura Tomoo (??)[3] Taguchi Ukichi
1903[4] Iwaya Matsuhei Akiyama Teisuke Taguchi Ukichi Ebara Soroku
(Rikken Seiyūkai)
Miwa Shinjirō Hatoyama Kazuo
(Kensei Hontō)
Maruyama Namasa Tsunoda Shimpei
(Kensei Hontō)
Isobe Shirō
(Rikken Seiyūkai)
Kurizuka Seigo
(Rikken Seiyūkai)
Takanashi Tetsushirō
(Chūsei Club)
1904[5] Ōishi Kumakichi
(Kensei Hontō)
Hatoyama Kazuo
(Kensei Hontō)
Miwa Shinjirō Akiyama Teisuke Seki Naohiko
(Kensei Hontō)
Taguchi Ukichi Tsunoda Shimpei
(Kensei Hontō)
Ebara Soroku
(Rikken Seiyūkai)
Kurizuka Seigo
(Rikken Seiyūkai)
Takanashi Tetsushirō
(Kōshin Club)
Fukuchi Gen’ichirō
1908[6] Takagi Masutarō Kurahara Korehiro
(Yūkōkai)
Hatoyama Kazuo
(Rikken Seiyūkai)
Nakano Takenaka Ema Shun’ichi Inamoto Saburō Yamane Masatsugu
(Daidō Club)
Matsushita Gunji
(Daidō Club)
Miwa Shinjirō
(Yūkōkai)
Seki Naohiko
(Kensei Hontō)
Watanabe Kanjūrō
(Rikken Seiyūkai)
1912[7] Takagi Masutarō
(Rikken Kokumintō)
Kurahara Korehiro
(Rikken Kokumintō)
Suzuki Umeshirō Nakajima Yukitaka
(Rikken Kokumintō)
Hoshino Shaku Kurosu Ryūtarō
(Rikken Kokumintō)
Seki Naohiko
(Rikken Kokumintō)
Miwa Shinjirō Kojima Kazuo
(Rikken Kokumintō)
Inamoto Saburō Matsushita Gunji
(Chūō Club)
1915[8] Kojima Kazuo
(Rikken Kokumintō)
Tanomogi Keikichi
(Rikken Dōshikai)
Imai Kihachi[9]
(Rikken Dōshikai)
Takagi Masutarō
(Rikken Kokumintō)
Seki Naohiko
(Rikken Kokumintō)
Hatoyama Ichirō
(Rikken Seiyūkai)
Ema Shun’ichi
(Rikken Dōshikai)
Akiyama Teisuke
(Rikken Dōshikai)
Suzuki Umeshirō
(Rikken Kokumintō)
Suzuki Manjirō
(Rikken Dōshikai)
Kurosu Ryūtarō
(Rikken Dōshikai)
1917[10] Hatoyama Ichirō
(Rikken Seiyūkai)
Suzuki Umeshirō
(Rikken Kokumintō)
Takagi Masutarō
(Rikken Kokumintō)
Kurosu Ryūtarō
(Kenseikai)
Kanesugi Eigorō Seki Naohiko
(Rikken Kokumintō)
Yokoyama Katsutarō
(Kenseikai)
Isobe Hisashi
(Rikken Seiyūkai)
Miki Bukichi
(Kenseikai)
Tanomogi Keikichi
(Kenseikai)
Kojima Kazuo
(Rikken Kokumintō)

References[edit]