Treaty of Barcelona
The Treaty of Barcelona was signed on January 19, 1493 between France and the Crown of Aragon. Based on the terms of the agreement, France returned Roussillon and Cerdagne to the Crown of Aragon. In return, the Crown of Aragon vowed to maintain neutrality during any French invasions of Italy.
The two territories had been named earlier in the century as collateral for a loan of 300,000 crowns from France to the King of Aragon, and seized by France in 1462 when the loan was not repaid. The motivation for their return through the Treaty of Barcelona in 1493 was the desire of Charles VIII of France to placate any potential enemies before his projected invasion of Italy.