Udvarhely County

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Udvarhely County
Udvarhely vármegye
Comitatul Odorhei
Komitat Udvarhely
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
1876–1920

Coat of arms of Udvarhely

Coat of arms

Location of Udvarhely
Capital Székelyudvarhely
46°18′N 25°18′E / 46.300°N 25.300°E / 46.300; 25.300Coordinates: 46°18′N 25°18′E / 46.300°N 25.300°E / 46.300; 25.300
History
 -  Established 1876
 -  Treaty of Trianon June 4 1920
Area
 -  1910 2,938 km2 (1,134 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 124,173 
Density 42.3 /km2  (109.5 /sq mi)
Today part of Romania
Odorheiu Secuiesc is the current name of the capital.
Contemporary map of the county

Udvarhely was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania (eastern Transylvania). The capital of the county was Székelyudvarhely (now Odorheiu Secuiesc).

Geography[edit]

Udvarhely county shared borders with the counties of Maros-Torda, Csík, Háromszék, Nagy-Küküllő, and Kis-Küküllő. The county lay in the Carpathian Mountains. Its area was 2938 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

The Udvarhely region was a settlement (seat) of the Székely, Udvarhelyszék. Udvarhely county was formed in 1876, when the administrative structure of Transylvania was changed. In 1918 (confirmed by the Treaty of Trianon 1920), the county became part of Romania except Hungarian occupation between 1940–1944 during World War II. Its territory constitutes now the present Romanian counties Harghita, Mureş (a small part in the west) and Covasna (a small part in the south-east).

Demographics[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 118,275 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

In 1910, the county had a population of 124,173 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Udvarhely county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Homoród Oklánd, RO Ocland
Parajd Parajd, RO Praid
Székelykeresztúr Székelykeresztúr, RO Cristuru Secuiesc
Udvarhely Székelyudvarhely, RO Odorheiu Secuiesc
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Székelyudvarhely, RO Odorheiu Secuiesc

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-07. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-07. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-20.