Villedieu-les-Poêles

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Villedieu-les-Poêles
Villedieu01.jpg
Villedieu-les-Poêles is located in France
Villedieu-les-Poêles
Villedieu-les-Poêles
Coordinates: 48°50′N 1°13′W / 48.84°N 1.22°W / 48.84; -1.22Coordinates: 48°50′N 1°13′W / 48.84°N 1.22°W / 48.84; -1.22
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Manche
Arrondissement Saint-Lô
Canton Villedieu-les-Poêles
Area
 • Land1 8.05 km2 (3.11 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 3,920
 • Population2 density 490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 50639 / 50800

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Villedieu-les-Poêles is a commune in the Manche department in Normandy in north-western France.

Its inhabitants are called Sourdins from the French sourd meaning deaf. Most of the people involved in the manufacturing of copper pans, which involved repeated hammering, became deaf.

Geography[edit]

Pont-Farcy lies to the east, Saint-Lô to the north, Vire to the South-East and Granville to the west.

Economy[edit]

It is traditionally a centre of metal-work, especially the brass and copper pans and basins from which the poêles in its name derives. It is also famous for its artisanal manufacture of large church bells, which was started by immigrants from Lorraine around 1780.

In addition to metal-work, current industries are a slaughterhouse and a cheese factory. Tourism now plays a large part in the local economy. Villedieu also provides services for the surrounding countryside, such as a hospital and a retirement home.

History[edit]

Villedieu owes its name to the religious order Knights Hospitaller, that later became the Knights of Malta. Henry I, King of England and Duke of Normandy, granted Villedieu to this order in the 12th century. Low taxes and good administration attracted people to Villedieu. Advanced coppersmithing technology was presumably imported from the Middle East by the Knights. By the early 14th century, the Corporation of the Coppersmiths of Villedieu was officially recognized by the Kings of France.

In the years following the French Revolution, in the late 18th century, the people of Villedieu were strong supporters of the Revolution, unlike most of people in the surrounding area. A major reason of their support is that the Revolution abolished customs duties between French regions; before the Revolution, copper pans exported from Villedieu to Brittany, 50 km (31 mi) away, faced higher import duties than copper pans from Portugal After a losing battle with Chouan troops, the men from Villedieu escaped thanks to their women who threw stones, flowerpots and chamber pots from second-story windows at the pursuing Chouans. The general heading the Chouan troops was getting ready to bombard Villedieu and set it on fire. A delegation of women negotiated with him: the inhabitants were given a short time to hide their valuables and the Chouan soldiers then plundered the town for food and clothing.

In 1944, when the Germans withdrew from Villedieu, they left a sniper who shot some of the first US soldiers to enter Villedieu, before being neutralized. The US commander was about to request airplane bombing runs when the mayor approached him, told him that there were no Germans left in Villedieu and offered to ride through Villedieu in the front seat of a US jeep. Villedieu was thus one of the few towns in the region to escape major destruction.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Villedieu-les-Poêles
The arms of Villedieu-les-Poêles are blazoned :
Per pale 1: Argent, a cross couped gules; and 2: Or, 18 billets sable 4,5,4,3,2, and on a chief azure, a cross couped argent.



See also[edit]