Western Germany

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Not to be confused with West Germany.
Western Germany as a non-political region.

Western Germany (German: Westdeutschland) is a region in the west of Germany. The exact area defined by the term is not constant, but it usually includes North Rhine-Westphalia. The Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate are also sometimes included but are usually considered Southwestern. Hesse is often considered as Central Germany (together with Thuringia).

West of the Harz in Central Germany, or the line Hamburg-Munich, is the western part, but again, these distinctions must only be considered very loosely, especially, not in a political sense.

Politically, Germans often still identify the term Westdeutschland with the Bonn Republic, the Cold War West Germany. Therefore, the English-language distinction between "West Germany" and "Western Germany" is rarely made in German. However, the latter can be specified as der Westen Deutschlands, "the West of Germany."

Major cities[edit]

Where a city has different names in English and German, the English name is given first.

State capital


Rank City Pop.
1950
Pop.
1960
Pop.
1970
Pop.
1980
Pop.
1990
Pop.
2000
Pop.
2010
Area
[km²]
Density
per km²
Growth
[%]
(2000–
2010)
surpassed
100,000
State
(Bundesland)
1. Wappen Koeln.svg Cologne / Köln 594,941 801,142 849,451 976,694 953,551 962,884 1,007,119 405,17 2,486 4.59 1852 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
2. Coats of arms of None.svg Frankfurt am Main 532,037 675,009 666,179 629,375 644,865 648,550 679,664 248,31 2,737 4.80 1875 Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Hesse
3. Wappen der Landeshauptstadt Duesseldorf.svg Düsseldorf 500,516 697,891 660,963 590,479 575,794 569,364 588,735 217,22 2,710 3.40 1882 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
4. Coat of arms of Dortmund.svg Dortmund 507,349 640,802 640,642 608,297 599,055 588,994 580,444 280,71 2,068 −1.45 1894 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
5. DEU Essen COA.svg Essen 605,411 729,462 696,419 647,643 626,973 595,243 574,635 210,32 2,732 −3.46 1896 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
6. Stadtwappen der Stadt Duisburg.svg Duisburg 410,783 503,641 452,721 558,089 535,447 514,915 489,599 232,83 2,103 −4.92 1904 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
7. Stadtwappen der kreisfreien Stadt Bochum.svg Bochum 289,804 362,490 343,809 400,757 396,486 391,147 374,737 145,66 2,573 −4.20 1904 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
8. DEU Wuppertal COA.svg Wuppertal 363,224 421,378 417,694 393,381 383,660 366,434 349,721 168,39 2,077 −4.56 1884 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
9. Wappen-stadt-bonn.svg Bonn 115,394 146,889 275,722 288,148 292,234 302,247 324,899 141,22 2,301 7.49 1934 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
10. Wappen Bielefeld.svg Bielefeld 153,613 174,527 168,609 312,708 319,037 321,758 323,270 257,92 1,253 0.47 1930 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
11. Wappen Münster Westfalen.svg Münster 118,496 180,871 198,878 269,696 259,438 265,609 279,803 302,96 924 5.34 1915 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
12. Wappen Wiesbaden.svg Wiesbaden 220,741 257,293 250,715 274,464 260,301 270,109 275,976 203,93 1,353 2.17 1905 Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Hesse
13. Stadtwappen der kreisfreien Stadt Aachen.svg Aachen 129,811 170,367 175,451 243,947 241,861 244,386 258,664 160,84 1,608 5.84 1888 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
14. DEU Moenchengladbach COA.svg Mönchengladbach 124,879 152,414 151,085 258,424 259,436 263,014 257,993 170,45 1,514 −1.91 1921 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
15. DEU Gelsenkirchen COA.svg Gelsenkirchen 315,460 388,608 347,074 304,386 293,714 278,695 257,981 104,94 2,458 −7.43 1903 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia
Rank City Pop.
1950
Pop.
1960
Pop.
1970
Pop.
1980
Pop.
1990
Pop.
2000
Pop.
2010
Area
[km²]
Density
per km²
Growth
[%]
(2000–
2010)
surpassed
100,000
State
(Land)

See also[edit]