Eriosomatinae

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Woolly aphids
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Homoptera
Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
Superfamily: Aphidoidea
Family: Aphididae
Subfamily: Eriosomatinae
Woolly aphids on Crab Apple bark.

The woolly aphid (subfamily: Eriosomatinae) is a sucking insect that lives on plant fluids and produces a filamentous waxy white covering which resembles cotton or wool. The adults are winged and move to new locations where they lay egg masses. The larvae often form large cottony masses on twigs, for protection from predators. They come from Japan.

The woolly apple aphid is a pest for fruit growers. Many of the numerous species of woolly aphids have only one host plant species, or alternating generations on two specific hosts.

In flight they have been described as looking like "flying mice", and are given nicknames like "angel flies", "fluff bugs", "fairy flies", and "ash bugs".

Taxonomy[edit]

The subfamily Eriosomatinae has recently been placed within the family Aphididae.[1][2] It was previously placed in family Pemphigidae = Eriosomatidae,[3] but that taxon is no longer valid.[4]

Diet[edit]

Woolly aphids feed by inserting their needle-like mouthparts into plant tissue to withdraw sap. They are able to feed on leaves, buds, bark, and even the roots of the plant. As a result of feeding on the sap, woolly aphids produce a sticky substance known as honeydew, which can lead to sooty mold on the plant.

Botanical Damage[edit]

Woolly aphids generally are not much cause for alarm, although they can cause rather unsightly damage to plants, which is particularly a problem for growers of ornamentals. Symptoms caused by their feeding on a plant include twisted and curled leaves, yellowed foliage, poor plant growth, low plant vigor, and branch dieback.

Further minor damage can be caused by the honeydew that woolly aphids secrete, which is difficult to remove. While the honeydew itself doesn't cause too much of a problem, the honeydew can cause sooty mold to grow, which can block some of the sunlight needed for photosynthesis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Favret et al. (2008) Transactions of the American Entomological Society 134 (3 & 4):275-282
  2. ^ Colin Favret & David C. Eades (2011). "Taxa display: family Aphididae Latreille". aphid.speciesfile.org. Retrieved October 19, 2011. [better source needed]
  3. ^ E.L. Maw, Checklist of the hemiptera of Canada and Alaska (2000).[page needed]
  4. ^ Colin Favret & David C. Eades (2011). "Aphid Species File homepage". aphid.speciesfile.org. Retrieved October 19, 2011. [not in citation given]