X Corps (Grande Armée)

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X Corps (Grande Armée)
Active 1807–1814
Country France First French Empire
Branch Army
Type Army Corps
Size Two to six divisions, cavalry, artillery
Engagements Napoleonic Wars
Commanders
Notable
commanders
François Joseph Lefebvre
Jacques MacDonald
Jean Rapp

The X Corps of the Grande Armée was the name of a French military formation that existed during the Napoleonic Wars. The corps was first formed in 1807 and placed under the command of Marshal François Joseph Lefebvre. The unit was responsible for bringing the 1807 Siege of Danzig to a successful conclusion. During the French invasion of Russia in 1812, the corps was reconstituted and Marshal Jacques MacDonald appointed to lead it. The corps contained the Prussian contingent that went on to form the core of the reconstituted Prussian army in 1813.[1] After the retreat from Russia, the corps was given the assignment of holding Danzig under the leadership of General of Division Jean Rapp. The 1813 Siege of Danzig lasted from January until November when the garrison surrendered to the Allies.


Order of Battle 1812[edit]

Corps Commander: Maréchal de France Jacques-Étienne Macdonald, duc de Tarente

Chief of Staff: Adjudant-commandant Jacques Terrier
Chief, Artillery: General de division Albert-L.-V. Taviel
Chief, Engineers: General de division Jacques-D.-M. de Campredon, Chef de bataillon Jean Marion de Beaulieu
Aide-de-camp: Chef d'escadron Seguier, Capitaine Garola, Capitaine Jules J.-G. de Tamney, Capitaine M. de Beurnonville


7th Division[edit]

Commander: General de division Charles Louis Baron Grandjean

Chief of Staff : Plk. Jozef Nowicki
Chief, Artillery : Chief d'batallion Farjon
Adjutant: Capt. Louis Chapuis
Chief, Engineers : Capt. 1er cl. Roger-P-M-A de Riencourt
Inspecteur aux revues : S.-ins. aux r. Reybaud (Rayband)
Aides de Camp: Chief d'batallion Theodore Meynier, Capitain Perrin (Perin), Lt. Maisonneuve
  • 1st Brigade

Commander: General de brigade Etienne Pierre Baron Ricard

5th Polish Line Regt. Plk. Stefan Oskierko
1st Battalion: CdB Ludwik Kaminski
2nd Battalion: CdB Jan Godlewski
3rd Battalion: CdB Feliks Stokowski
4th Battalion: N. (not present)
Regt Artillery: Kapt. Ignacy Kulesza
13th Bavarian Line Regt.: Obst. Franz Baron Schlossberg
1st Battalion: Major Caspar Poyk (Poeck)
2nd Battalion: Major Franz v. Pillement
1st Section, 2nd Bavarian 6 lb. Battery: Untlt. Alois Escher(t) II.
  • 2nd Brigade

Commander: General brygady ksiaze Michal Radziwill
Aide-de-Camp: Kpt. Antoni Niesiolowski

10th Polish Line Regt.: Plk. Henryk Kamienski
1st Battalion: CdB Jan Krassin (Crassin, Krassyn)
2nd Battalion: CdB Franciszek Czyzewski
3rd Battalion: Nicolas-Joseph (Mikolaj) Daine
4th Battalion: N. (not present)
Regt. Artillery: Kapt. Leneke
  • 3rd Brigade

Commander: General de brigade Gilbert Baron Bachelu

11th Polish Line Regt.: Plk. Aleksander Chlebowski
1st Battalion: CdB Piotr Tzembeck (Szembeck)
2nd Battalion: CdB Kazimierz Poniatowski
3rd Battalion: CdB Karol Jon(n)emann
4th Battalion: N. (not present)
Regt. Artillery: Kapt. Ostrowski
1st Westphalian Line Regt. Col. Georg Ferdinand v. Plessmann
1st Battalion: C. de bat. Johann Philipp Bauer
2nd Battalion: Capt. (later c. de bat.) David v. Kruse
Regt. Artillery: Kapt. v. Haustein
  • Division (Prussian) Cavalry (detached from 27th Division)

Commander: Obst. Karl F. v. Hunerbein

1st Prussian Combined Hussar Regt.: Major Dietrich C. G. v. Cosel
1st Leib-Hussaren Regt.:
3rd Sqdrn.: Rittm. Karl L. F. Dallmer
4th Sqdrn.: Rittm. Meyer
2nd Leib-Hussaren Regt.:
2nd Sqdrn.: Maj. v. Kurnatowsky.
3rd Sqdrn.: Rittm. Karl L. Zastrow

Division Artillery and Engineers

6th Polish Foot Comp.: Kpt. Turdeski
1st Polish Horse Comp.: Kpt. Wladyslaw Tomasz Ostrowski
Garde d'Artie. Polonaise: (detachment)
4th Polish Sapper Company: Kpt. Jozef Dobrzyński

Division Train

12th Battalion (a l'allemande):
6th Train Company: S.-lieutenant Benoist (?)


27th (Prussian) Infantry Division[edit]

Commander, Prussian Mobile Corps: Gen. der Inf. Julius A. v. Grawert
2nd in Command: Gen.-Lieut. Hans David Ludwig Graf Yorck (later von Wartenburg)

Chief of Staff : Oberst Friedrich E. v. Roeder
Quartermaster: Obstlt. Johann F. K. v. Lossau (Genstab.)
Chief Engineer : Maj. Markoff
Adjutants: Maj. Anton F. F. v. Seydlitz, Pr.-Lieut. Friedrich Aug. Karl v. Brandenstein (Genstab.), Maj. Johann Alexander v. Traubenfeld (Genstab.), Kapt. Wilhelm K. v. Schack (Genstab.), Pr.-Lieut. Lollhofel v. Lowensprung (Genstab.)

Commander, Prussian Infantry: Gen.-Maj. Friedrich Emil Ferd. Graf Kleist v. Nollendorf

Chief of Staff: Maj. Ernest H. W. v. Perbandt (Genstab.)
Adjutants: Maj. Johann F. W. v. Schon, Maj. Heinrich A. E. v. Thile II (Genstab.), Sec.-Lt. v. Rudiger (aggr. zum Genstab.)

Commander, Prussian Cavalry: Gen.-Lt. Friedrich E. v. Massenbach

Adjutants: Maj. Ludwig E. C. v. Kyckpusch (Genstab.)
  • 1st Brigade

Commander: Obst. Hans Franz v. Below
Adjutant: Stabs-Kapit. v. Drygalski

Inft. Regt. Nr. 1: Maj. Friedrich Wilhelm v. Sjoholm I (2nd Opr. Inft. Regt.)
Fus. Bat, 1st Opr Inft. Regt.: Maj. Christoph J. H. v. Erammon.
I Bat, 2nd. Opr. Inft. Regt.: Maj. Ludwig v. Krauthof.
II Bat, 1st Opr. Inft. Regt.: Maj. Carl v. Kurnatowsky
Inft. Regt. Nr. 2: Maj. Ludwig F. v. Sjoholm II (3rd Opr. Inft. Regt.)
Fus. Bat, 4th Opr. Inft. Regt.: Maj. Johann F. v. Pfeiffer
I Bat, 4th Opr. Inft. Regt.: Maj. v. Lubtow
I Bat, 3rd Opr. Inft. Regt.: Maj. Karl R. W. v. Beckedorff
Fus. Bat. Nr. 7:
Fus. Bat, 2nd Opr. Inft. Regt.: Maj. Friedrich W. v. Funck
  • 2nd Brigade

Commander: Obstlt. Heinrich Wilh. v. Horn
Adjutant: St. Kapt. August W. Graf Kanitz

Inft. Regt. Nr. 3: Maj. Karl F. F. v. Steinmetz (Colb. Inft. Regt.)
Fus. Bat, 1st Pom. Inft. Regt.: Maj. August Ferdinand v. Borcke
I Bat, Colb. Inft. Regt.: Maj. Friedrich W. v. Quednow
II Bat, 1st Pomm. Inft. Regt.: Maj. Carl Ludwig Frhr. v. Linsingen
Inft. Regt. Nr. 4: Maj. v. Tippelskirch
Fus. Bat, Leib-Regt.: Maj. August Heinrich v. Reuss
I Bat, Leib-Regt.: Maj. Konstantin G. L. v. Zepelin and Maj. Friedrich Christoph v. Oertzen
II Bat, Leib-Regt.: Maj. Julius Gustav Friedrich v. Both
  • 3rd Brigade

Commander: Oberst Eugen v. Raumer
Adjutant: Maj. v. Collrepp

Inft. Regt. Nr. 5: Maj. Ludwig D. K. v. Schmalensee
Fus. Bat, 2nd Wpr. Inft. Regt.: Maj. Julius L. v. Rudolphi, Maj. Georg W. v Lettow
I Bat, 1st Wpr. Inft. Regt.: Maj. v. Imbrecht
I Bat, 2nd Wpr. Inft. Regt.: Maj. Friedrich E. v. Loebell
Inft. Regt. Nr. 6: Maj. Arwed K. v. Carnall
Fus. Bat, 2nd Sch. Inft. Regt.: Maj. Karl G. S. v. Lessel
II Bat, 2nd Sch. Inft. Regt.: Maj. Karl Heinriich v. Ziemietzi
II Bat, 1st Sch. Inft. Regt.: Maj. v. Happe
Ostprussian Jäger Bat.: Maj. Vollmar K. F. v. Clausewitz
1st Battery, Prussian Arty. Brigade: Uffz. Staffehl (one 3-lbr)
  • 1st Cavalry Brigade

Commander: Obst. Wilhelm Jeannert

1st Combined Dragoner-Regt.: Maj. Karl A. W. v. Treskow
Litth. Dragoner-Regt.:
2nd Sqdrn.: Maj. v. Kameke
4th Sqdrn.: St. Rittm. Dresler
2nd Westpr. Dragoner-Regt.: Maj. Ernst T. v. Eicke
1st Sqdrn.: Maj. v. Manstein
2nd Sqdrn.: Maj. Friedrich Frhr. v. Stiern
2nd Combined Dragoner-Regt.Obstlt. Alexander G. L. M. M. v. Wahlen-Jurgass
1st Westpr. Dragoner-Regt.:
1st Sqdrn.: Rittm. Karl Weiss
3rd Sqdrn.: Rittm. Ernst L. B. v. Printz
3rd Combined Hussaren-Regt.: Maj. Ernest T. v. Eicke
1st. Schles. Hussaren-Regt.:
1st Sqdrn.: St. Rittm. Friedrich A. Kehler
3rd Sqdrn.: St. Rittm. Muller
2nd Schles. Hussaren-Regt.:
1st Sqdrn.: Maj. Johann H. v. Schill
2nd Sqdrn.:


(Prussian) Corps Artillery[edit]

Commander: Major Johann H. v. Schmidt

Foot Artillery: Maj. Joh. Friedr. v. Fiebig I.
Foot Battery No. 1 (6 lb): Pr.-Kapit. Huet
Foot Battery No. 2(6 lb): Stabs-Kapit. Wegner
Foot Battery No. 3(6 lb): Stabs-Kapit. Ziegler
Foot Battery No. 4(6 lb): Pr.-Kapit. Ludwig
half Battery(12 lb): Pr.-Kapit. v. Roszynski
Horse Artillery: Maj. Gustav v. Fiebig II.
1st Horse Battery: Stabs-Kapit. Johann K. L. v. Zincken
2nd Horse Battery: Pr.-Kapit. Georg W. v. Rentzell
3rd Horse Battery: Pr.Kapit. v. Graumann
Artillery Park:
Park (Munitions) columns:
No. 1 Sec.-Lieut. Schliew
No. 2 Sec.-Lieut. Herrmann
No. 3 Prem.-Lieut. Barenkampff
No. 4 Pr.-Kapit. Meyer (4th Ft. Comp., Pr. Brig.)
No. 5 Sec.-Lieut. v. Hertig I (Brand) (8th Ft. Comp., Brand. Brig.)
Bridging Column:
Handwerk Columns: Sec.-Lieut. Lieben (2nd Ft. Btry.)
No. 1:
No. 2:


Corps Train[edit]

Miners:
1st Battalion:
3rd Company:
5th Company:
2nd Battalion:
1st Company:
Sappers:
1st Battalion:
Sapeurs de I'ile d'Elbe:
1st Company:
2nd Company:
Prussian Sappers: (2 companies):
Marine Bataillion d'ouviers de l'Escaut:
17th equipage de flottille:

References[edit]

Recommended reading[edit]

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  • Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie. 56 vols. Leipzig, 1875-1912.
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  • Baltische Monatsschrift. 1910-1912.
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  • Charbanier, Jean. "La Grande Armée en Lithuanie et en Courland". In Revue Historique de l'Armée. No. 2, 1973. pp. 29–47.
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  • Droysen. Das Leben des Feldmarschalls Grafen York von Wartenberg. 2 vols. Leipzig, 1913.
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  • Fabry, Gabriel Joseph. Campagne de Russie, 1812. 5 vols. Paris, 1900-03.
  • Hartwich, Julius von. 1812. Der Feldzug in Kurland. Nach den tagbuchern und briefen des Leutnants Julius v. Hartwich zusammengestellt von Rugiger v. Schoeler. Berlin, 1910.
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  • Otechestvennaia voina 1812 goda. Part I, 21 volumes (in 22); Part II, 1 volume. St.-Petersburg, Tipografia ABerezhlivost, 1900-1914. The first 7 volumes of Part I were translated into French by E. Cazalas and published, at the direction of the Section Historique of the French General Staff, under the title ALa guerre nationale de 1812", beginning in 1902.
  • Polotsko-vitebskaia starina. Vitebsk, 1911-1916.
  • Poniatowski, Jozef, prince. Korrespondencya ksiecia Jozefa Poniatowskiego z Francya. 5 vols. Poznań, 1921-29.
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  • Quintin, Danielle et Bernard. Dictionnaire de Colonels de Napoleon. 1996. S.P.M., Paris.
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