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|Others||IYCF breed club standard|
|Domestic cat (Felis catus)|
The York Chocolate (or simply York) is an uncommon and relatively recent American breed of show cat, with a long, fluffy coat and a tapered tail and most of them are mostly or entirely chocolate-brown. The breed was named after New York state, where it was established in 1983. This breed was created by color-selecting domestic long-haired cats of mixed ancestry. The breed is not widely recognized by cat registries.
The breed was created by Janet Chiefari in 1983. The father was a black longhaired cat and the mother was a longhaired black and white cat.[unreliable source?] Their Siamese ancestors created the brown coloring in one kitten: Brownie. Brownie had a litter that subsequent summer with a black longhaired tom. There were two kittens in the litter: a chocolate male and a white and chocolate female. Upon noticing similarities in coat and body types, Chiefari began her own breeding program.
The breed is recognized, under the shorter name York, by the recently founded World Cat Federation based in Germany, and with some differences from previously published standards, most of which seem to be lost. The breed is not recognized by any major, long-established international cat fancier organizations, such as The International Cat Association (TICA), the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) or Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe), nor even US national groups such as the American Cat Fanciers Association (ACFA). In March 1990, the Cat Fanciers' Federation of the New England area of the US recognized York Chocolates as an "experimental" cat breed, and allegedly gave it championship status within the group in March 1992, but publishes no breed standard or any other information about the breed today. It was supposedly granted champion status by the Canadian Cat Association in March 1995, as well,[unreliable source?] but while the CCA published a breed standard in 1995, as of March 2013[update], the organization no longer advertises it, and it includes outdated wording.
An small breed club, the International York Chocolate Federation (IYCF) was founded in Italy, but seems to have been dormant since 2004. It claims affiliation with Feline Federation Europe (FFE), which since 2004 publishes a York Chocolate standard (missing the color information) and the World Felinological Federation (WFF), a Russian group, which does not recognize this breed.
The York is a medium to large cat with a rounded head and a moderately long muzzle. They have large, almond-shaped eyes that are either gold ("hazelnut" in WCF terms) or green. Their bodies are slender and mid-way between the Oriental and foreign types, with long necks. The cats have full, tapered tails, tufted feet, and sometimes ruffs. The coat is semi-longhaired and very fine. Acceptable colors in this breed vary by registry, but are solid chocolate or lilac,; bicolor chocolate–white, lilac–white or chocolate–lilac; and mixed chocolate–lilac–white. The kittens are much lighter; tabby "ghost" markings and tipping are acceptable in kittens.
The York Chocolate is a very friendly, even-tempered breed that is very content as a lap cat. They love to be held and cuddled. The cats are intelligent, energetic, and curious, happily following their owner around. They are good companions and good hunters. They seem to be enamored with water and are sometimes shy.
- "Breed Standards: York". WCF-Online.de. Essen, Germany: World Cat Federation (WFC). January 1, 2010. Archived from the original on March 5, 2013. Retrieved March 5, 2013. A PDF version is available.
- "York Chocolate". The Furry Creature Network. Retrieved 2007-07-22. This is a tertiary source that clearly includes information from other sources but does not name them.
- The Cat Fanciers' Federation (CFF) mentions the breed name in its list of breeds, but provides no information about it at all, not even its status, much less a breed standard.
- "York Chocolate". Pets.ILoveIndia.com. Retrieved 2007-07-22. This is a tertiary source that clearly includes information from other sources but does not name them.
- "York Chocolate" (PDF). CCA-AFC.com. Mississauga, Ontario, Canada: Canadian Cat Association (CCA). January 28, 1995. Archived from the original on March 5, 2013. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
- The Canadian Cat Association (CCA) has a placeholder page for the breed on their website, but it is empty of content. The PDF version, cited above, includes references to 2004 cut-off dates for outbreeding, as if still in the future.
- "Federation". IYCF.org. Aramengo and Rivoli Veronese, Italy: International York Chocolate Federation (IYCF). 2003. Archived from the original on March 5, 2013. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
- "York Chocolate". FFE Homepage. Nürnberg, Germany: Feline Federation Europe (FFE)/Bavarian Cat Fanciers' Association (BCFA). May 17, 2004. Archived from the original on March 5, 2013. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to York Chocolate.|
- YorkChocolate.org, a website devoted to the breed