Zoskales

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Zoscales)
Jump to: navigation, search

Zoskales (c. 100) was an ancient king in the Horn of Africa. His realm is thought to have included Axum.

History[edit]

The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea mentions Zoskales as ruler of the port of Adulis, whose territory extended "from the Moschophagoi ['calf-eaters'] to the rest of Barbaria ... a stickler about his possessions and always holding out for getting more, but in other respects a fine person and well versed in reading and writing Greek".[1]

At least as early as Henry Salt, some scholars, including Sergew Hable Sellassie[2] and Y. M. Kobishchanov,[3] have identified him with Za Haqala, who is listed in the King Lists of Ethiopia as having ruled for 13 years, and who ruled between Za Zalis and Za Dembalé.[4] G.W.B. Huntingford points out, on the other hand, that there is not enough information to be certain of this identification, and argues instead that Zoskales was a petty king whose power was limited to only Adulis.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Chapter 5 Online translation
  2. ^ Ancient and Medieval Ethiopian History to 1270 (Addis Ababa: 1972), p. 72
  3. ^ Axum (University Park: 1979), pp. 54-5
  4. ^ Salt, A Voyage to Abyssinia (Philadelphia, 1816), p. 358
  5. ^ Quoted in Paul B. Henze, Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia (New York: Palgrave, 2000), p. 18
Regnal titles
Unknown King of Axum Unknown
Next known title holder:
GDRT