Óbuda

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Obuda town hall in Budapest.
Roman amphitheatre

Óbuda was a historical city in Hungary. United with Buda and Pest in 1873 it now forms part of District III-Óbuda-Békásmegyer of Budapest. The name means Old Buda in Hungarian (in German, Alt-Ofen). The name in Croatian and Serbian for this city is Stari Budim, but the local Croat minority calls it Obuda (the name "Budim" they use for the fortress in Buda).

The island (Óbuda Island) next to this part of the city today hosts the Sziget Festival, a huge music and cultural festival.

Óbuda's centre is Fő tér (Main Square), connected to a small square with a sculpture of people waiting for the rain to stop. It is accessible by HÉV (Árpád híd station).

History[edit]

Settlements dating from the stone age have been found in Óbuda. The Romans built Aquincum, the capital of Pannonia province here. Hungarians arrived after 900 and it served as an important settlement of major tribal leaders, later kings. Béla IV of Hungary built a new capital after the 1241-1242 Mongol invasion in Buda, somewhat south of Óbuda. On 1 January 1873 it was united with Buda and Pest to form Budapest.

The Jewish Elementary School in Óbuda was victim of the Holocaust. On June 13, 2012, a commemorative plaque to the former teachers and scholars was affixed to the wall of the building erected on the site where was the school.

Quote: I will give them an everlasting name, that shall not be cut off. (Isaiah 56:5) (Budapest, District III, Óbuda Street Nr 6).

People[edit]

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Coordinates: 47°33′N 19°02′E / 47.550°N 19.033°E / 47.550; 19.033