Škoda 03 T

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Škoda 03 T Astra (Anitra)
Tram 03T Brno.jpg
Manufacturer Škoda Transportation
Assembly Plzeň, Czech Republic
Constructed 1998–2005
Specifications
Articulations 2
Length 20,090 mm (791 in)
Width 2,460 mm (97 in)
Height 3,440 mm (135 in)
Weight 24.2 t (23.8 long tons; 26.7 short tons)
Passenger capacity seats 42
Passenger capacity standing 113
Maximum speed 70 km/h (43 mph)
Low-floor 50%
Floor height 350 mm (13.78 in)/780 mm (30.71 in)
Engine power 340 kW (460 hp)
(4 × 85 kW or 114 hp)
360 kW (480 hp)
(4 × 90 kW or 120 hp)
Steep gradient (?)
Bogies fixed
Minimum turning radius (?)
Gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

The Škoda 03 T (sold as Škoda Astra, later Škoda Anitra (Asynchronní zkopodlažní tramvaj; Asynchronous Low-floor Tram)) is a three-carbody-section low-floor tram developed by Škoda and Inekon Group. The design was introduced in 1996,[1] and the first car was completed in 1998. The joint venture between Škoda and Inekon was dissolved in 2001, after which Škoda continued to sell the 03 T, while Inekon formed a new partnership with DPO (Dopravní podnik Ostrava, the city transport company of Ostrava),[2] known as DPO Inekon, and in 2002 began selling a nearly identical version of the Astra, under the name Trio.[3]

The 03 T is uni-directional and has a low floor over half of its length. The front and rear sections, under which the wheels are placed, have a high floor; the middle section, between these, has a low floor.

Some other Škoda trams, such as the 05 T and 10 T, are based on the Astra.

Deliveries and operation[edit]

City Year Delivered In operation Numbers Note
Brno Czech Republic 2003–2006 17 17 1805–1821
Most-Litvínov Czech Republic 2001–2002 2 2 201, 202
Olomouc Czech Republic 1999 4 4 201-204
Ostrava Czech Republic 1998–2001 14 14 1201–1214
Plzeň Czech Republic 1998–2000 11 10 300-310 Nr. 300 scrapped in 2007[4]
TOTAL 48 47
Škoda Astra in yellow livery of Plzeň transport company inside of the tram depo
Mechanism for regenerative brake on the roof of a Škoda Astra.
Interior of a Škoda Astra
Operator's cab of a Škoda Astra.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tatra's new Czech rival launches its new low-floor ASTRA tram" (October 1996). Light Rail and Modern Tramway, p. 374. Ian Allan Publishing/Light Rail Transit Association (UK).
  2. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit, March 2002, p. 103. Light Rail Transit Association (UK).
  3. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit, September 2003, p. 347. Light Rail Transit Association (UK). ISSN 1460-8324.
  4. ^ (Czech) Šlehofer, Jan. "Astra 300". Plzensketramvaje.cz. Retrieved 2009-09-12. 

External links[edit]