Telephone numbers in Soviet Union
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Russian Wikipedia. (April 2013)|
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (May 2011)|
Location of the Soviet Union after World War II (dark green)
|Typical format||various, see text|
|Country calling code||+7|
|International call prefix||8 10|
Telephone numbering plan of the USSR refers to a set of telephone area codes, numbers and dialing rules, which operated in the Soviet Union until the 1990s. After the Collapse of the USSR many new independent republics reconstructed their numbering plans. However, many of the principles of the Soviet numbering plan still remains. The international code +7 is retained by Russia and Kazakhstan.
The Soviet Union used four-level open numbering plan. The long distance prefix was 8.
- One can call a local number without the code. Local numbers usually consists of 5-7 digits, with seven-digit numbers only occurring in Moscow (since 1968), Leningrad (since 1972) and Kiev (since late 1970s).
- Within the same numbering area (most often within the state or province) the type is: 8 2X YYYYYY, where 2 replaces the three-digit area code.
- For calls to other areas, first dial long distance prefix 8, then, after the tone - the full code of the numbering area, which consisted of a three-digit code and zone additional digit(X), and then local phone number.
- For example: 8 09624 XXXXX for a call to the city of Klin, Klinsky District, Moscow Oblast.
- For international calls, dial 8 10 <country code> <code> <phone number>.
- For example: 8 10 1 212 XXXXXXX for a call to the city of New York.
Number 07 was used to order long-distance calls through the operator.
Country code separations
- 1993 - Estonia (372), Latvia (371), Lithuania (370), Moldova (373)
- 1994 - Azerbaijan (994), Georgia (995)
- 1995 - Armenia (374), Belarus (375), Ukraine (380)
- 1997 - Kyrgyzstan (996), Tajikistan (992), Turkmenistan (993), Uzbekistan (998)
- 2015 - Kazakhstan (997)
Basically area codes are distributed geographically, so that neighboring regions usually had close area code numbers.
Area codes with 0 denotes the republics and Oblasts of the European part of the USSR. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, these codes in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine were preserved, with minor changes. Area codes in Ukraine and Belarus later dropped initial 0. In Russia, on December 2005 the leading zero in the Oblastal area codes has been replaced by a 4.
- +7 401 - Kaliningrad Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 411 - Yakut ASSR, Russian SFSR
- +7 413 - Magadan, Russian SFSR
- +7 415 - Kamchatka, Russian SFSR
- +7 416 - Amur Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 421 - Khabarovsk Krai, Outer Manchuria, Russian SFSR
- +7 423 - Primorsky Krai, Outer Manchuria, Russian SFSR
- +7 424 - Sakhalin Oblast, Outer Manchuria, Russian SFSR
- +7 432 - Krasnovodskaya Oblast, Turkmen SSR
- +7 436 - Navoiy Province, Uzbek SSR
- +7 471 - Kursk Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 472 - Belgorod Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 473 - Voronezh Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 474 - Lipetsk Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 475 - Tambov Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 481 - Smolensk Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 482 - Kalinin Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 483 - Bryansk Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 484 - Kaluga Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 485 - Yaroslavl Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 486 - Orel Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 487 - Tula Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 491 - Ryazan Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 492 - Vladimir Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 493 - Ivanovo Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 494 - Kostroma Oblast, Russian SFSR
- +7 495 - Moscow (city), Russian SFSR
- +7 496 - Moscow Oblast (without the suburbs of Moscow), Russian SFSR